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children in prison fact sheet

children in prison fact sheet

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Published by Lee Gaylord

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Published by: Lee Gaylord on Jan 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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Sentencing Children to Die in Prison

Dozens of 13- and 14-year-old children in the United States have been sentenced to life imprisonment with no possibility of parole after being prosecuted as adults. While the United States Suprem e Court recently declared in

Roper v. Sim m onsthat death by execution

is unconstitutional for juveniles, young children continue to be sentenced to im prisonm ent until death with very little scrutiny or review.

A study by the Equal Justice Initiative (EJ I) has docum ented 73 cases where children 13 and 14 years of age have been condemned to death in prison. Almost all of these kids currently lack legal representation and in m ost of these cases the propriety and constitutionality of their extreme sentences have never been reviewed.

Most of the sentences im posed on these children were m andatory: the court could not give any consideration to the child\u2019s age or life history. Some of the children were charged with crim es that do not involve hom icide or even injury; m any were convicted for offenses where older teenagers or adults were involved and prim arilyresponsible for the crim e; nearly two-thirds are children of color.

13- and 14-Year-Olds Are Different

Unlike older teenagers, 14-year-olds in m ost states cannot get m arried without permission or obtain a driver\u2019s license. The law mandates that they must attend school and lim its the hours they can work in after-school jobs.

The law treats young adolescents differently because theya r e different. Adolescents\u2019 brains are anatomically undeveloped in parts of the cerebrum associated with impulse control, regulation of emotions, risk assessment, and moral reasoning. As a result, young teens experience widely fluctuating emotions and vulnerability to stress and peer pressure without the adult ability to resist impulses and risk-taking behavior or the adult capacity to control their emotions. At the same time, because a child\u2019s character is not yet fully form ed, he will change and reform as he grows up.

Con d em n ed Ch ild ren Ar e Victim s of
Severe Neglect and Abuse
Most of the children who have been

Ashley Jones, 14, attem pted to escape her abusive hom e w ith an older boyfriend w ho killed her grandfather and aunt. She w as sentenced to die in an Alabam a prison.

Race of Adolescents Condemned to Die in Prison

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