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Chapter 4 Mandvi-Jakhau Zone the Mandvi-Jakhau Coastal

Chapter 4 Mandvi-Jakhau Zone the Mandvi-Jakhau Coastal

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Published by masskutch
Kutch Study
Kutch Study

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Published by: masskutch on Jan 10, 2010
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09/27/2014

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Chapter 4 Mandvi-Jakhau Zone
The Mandvi-Jakhau coastal zone comprises of 3 fishingsettlements at the extreme corners and a thin corridor which has a 100 m wide intertidal zone, beachfront with windfarms, scrub forest, wasteland, and agricultural land. The rough landuse of the entirezone and the thin corridor is shown below
 
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Fisherfolk live on the shore in shacks and navigate into thesea irrespective of the tide.Government houses for fisherfolk unused as there is noelectricity and got damaged during the 1998 cyclones
Fishing Settlements
Three main fishing settlements – Jakhau,Nanalayja and Salaya are located in thiszone. Both pagadiya fishing and boat fishingare practiced here. Since the intertidal zoneis very thin in this area, fisherfolk can ventureinto the sea at anytime and are notdependent on the tide. Fishes like Pomfrets,Tuna, Bombay duck etc are commonlyfound.The fisherfolk in these settlements areengaged full time in fishing and have noother occupation. There are nearly 1340fishing households in these settlements. Theannual fish production is nearly 48,300 MTvalued at nearly 222 Cr.The main issues of fisherfolk are inadequateinfrastructure facilities, threat ofindustrialisation.
(Left)
A board announcing the plans toconstruct a port in the coastal area off NanaLayja village. Though land has beenprocured from the villagers, there has beenno construction so far. The Nanalayjafisherfolk are worried that the proposed portwill displace them from their traditionalsettlement.
 
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Mandvi intertidal zone where pagadiya fishing takes place.
Pagadiya Fishing
The pagadiya fisherfolk of Mandvi coast(apart from the three settlements explainedabove) combine pagadiya fishing withagriculture and animal husbandry. Pagadiyafishing is carried out in the 100 – 150 m wideintertidal zone. The Mandvi fisherfolk venturefor longer distances, sometimes upto 10 kmaway from their village,The main issue of the pagadiya fisherfolk isthe uncertainty in fish catch and the lowreturns from fishing, which only supports ahand-to-mouth existence.
The Mandvi coastal area is a thriving cotton cultivationzone, with cotton farms seen 1.5 – 2 km away from thecoast.
Agriculture
Both Irrigated and dry land farming arepracticed in the area. Usually, the source ofwater for irrigation is Ground water drawnthrough bore-wells. Ground water is salineupto 15 km from the coast and highly salineupto 4 km from the coast. Thus, we see thatdry land farming is practiced near the coastand irrigated farming is practiced in the farmsthat are 5-6 km away from the coast. Cotton,Jowar, Bajra are the main crops grown here.Some villages, especially in the centralcorridor are endowed with good surfacewater facilities, and irrigated agriculture ispossible in these villages.

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