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Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ

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Published by hari18
Malayalam article on Jesus that examines the similarity of Gnostic-Christian and Hindu philosophy. Jesus as the son of Great Mother of wisdom Sophia strikes a parallel with Sastha, the son of Mahamaya and also with the legends on Buddha.
Malayalam article on Jesus that examines the similarity of Gnostic-Christian and Hindu philosophy. Jesus as the son of Great Mother of wisdom Sophia strikes a parallel with Sastha, the son of Mahamaya and also with the legends on Buddha.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: hari18 on Jan 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/24/2010

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1
{InkvXp- þ kXyhpw Poh\pw hgnbpw
ssZh¯nsâ GI]p-{X-\mb {iotbip Ipcn-ip-acWw ssIhcn¨v \½psS ]m]-§Ä¡v ]cn-lmc ambn kzbw _enbÀ¸n-¨-Xmbpw ]n¶oSv DbnÀs¯-gp-t¶äv ]eÀ¡pw ZÀi\w \ÂInb tijw kzÀ¤¯n-te¡v Xncn-¨p-t]mbXmbpw tbml-¶m³, a¯mbn, eqt¡mkv, amÀt¡mkv F¶o kphn- ti-j-§Ä Ahew-_-ambn ]ecpw hnizkn-¡p-¶p. hnip² ss__n-fn NXn-bp-sSbpw Xn·bp- sSbpw {]XoIambn \ne-sImÅp¶ bqZmknsâ kphn-tijw ]d-bp-¶Xv IS-Ihn-cp-²-amb asämcp IY-bmWv. tbip-hns\ tdma\-[n-Im-cn-IÄ¡v Im«n-s¡mSp-¯Xnn-eqsS c−mbn-cp-hÀj-§fmbn A[n-£n-]vX-\mbn Ign-bp¶ bqZmkv F¶ {InkvXp-þ-in-jysâ DbnÀs¯-gp-t¶Â]nsâ iwsJmen ]mÝmXy-temI¯v apg-§n-¡-gn-ªp. CuPn-]vXnse aWem-cWyw am\hÀ¡v Xncn¨p \ÂInb bqZmknsâ kphn-ti-j-¯n-eq-sS-bmWv bqZmkpw Kpcp-hmb ssZh]p-{X\pw
ss\\w Onµ´nikv{XmWn ss\\w ZlXn ]mhIx
F¶n-§s\ almap-\n-bmb I]n-es\ D²-cn-¨psIm−v Hcp ]pXnb cq]hpw `mhhpw ssIs¡mÅp-¶-Xv. \mj-W tPm{Km^nIv {]kn-²oIc-W-amb bqZm knsâ kphn-tijw Ahw-e_-ambn {InkvXp-ZÀi\w Fs´¶pÅ Hcp At\z-j-W-amWv Cu teJ\w. a[y CuPn-]vXn \n¶v
1970
 I−p-In-«nb ]m¸n-dkv tcJIfn (
Codex Tchacos
)DÄs¸-«n-cp¶ tIm]vänIv IrXn-bpsS ]cn-`mj-bpsS BZy-{]-kn-²oI-cWamsW¶v (
2006)
tcJs¸-Sp¯n ImWp-¶p. c−mw \qäm−nsâ Ahkm\L-«-¯n Pohn-¨n-cp¶ _nj¸v sFtd-\n-bkv hnaX-·m-sc-¸-än-bpÅ Xsâ IrXn-bn (
Against Heresies, AD 180
) bqZmknsâ kphn-tijw ]cmaÀin-¡p-¶Xn-\mÂ, ]n¡me¯v iàn-bmÀÖn¨ ss{IkvX-hk-`-I-fm \in-¸n-¡-s¸« tcJ IfnÂs¸-«-XmWv bqZmknsâ ZÀi\w F¶v a\Ên-em¡mw.
bpZmknsâ Npw_\w
ap¸Xv shÅn-¡min\v th−n NXn-bn-eq-sS-bpÅ Im«n-s¡mSp-¡-en\v bqZmkv \ÂInb Npw_\w tbmþ-a-þ-eq-þam kphn-ti-j-§fn-eqsS Xn·bpsS aqÀ¯oIc-Wambn temIamIam\w {]kn-²-amWv. {InkvXp-hnsâ Acp-ain-jy³, kl-bm{Xn-I³, HäpImc³ C§s\ hntcm[m`mkw \nd-ªp- \n¡p¶ bqZmkns\ kw_-\v[n¨v [mcmfw ]T-\§fp-−mbn-«p-−v. A§s\bpÅ ]T-\ §Äs¡ms¡ AXoX-ambn ]pcmX-\amb kn²-]mc-¼cy-¯nsâ Hcp Úm\KwKbmbn bqZm knsâ kphn-ti-jhpw almtbmKn-bmb Kpcp-hnsâ BÚm\p-hÀ¯n-bpw Bß-Úm\n-bp-amb injy-\mbn bqZmkpw {InkvXpZÀi\¯n\v {]Im-i-¯nsâ Hcp ]pXnb tXtPmhebw \ÂIp-¶p. tk¯v AYhm kXy-s\¶ BZ-ansâ aq¶mas¯ ]p{Xsâ _u²]mc¼cyw AhImi-s¸-Sp¶ {InkvXphpw bqZmkpw am\hN-cn-{X-¯nse Gähpw hnkvab-Ic-amb Kpcphpw injy\p-amWv. bqZm knsâ Npw_\w \nÊwibw Hcp Im«ns¡mSp-¡-emWv þ F¶m Cu Im«n-s¡mSp-¡Â A\iz-c X-bmÀ¶ Bßmhn-sâ-bmWv þ PUs¯bà þ PUm´ÀKX-am-bn-cp¶ \nXy-Pohs\ temI-¯n\v Im«n-s¡mSp-¡-bm-bn-cp¶p Kpcphnsâ BÚ kzoIcn¨v tbip-Zmk-\mb bqZmkv sNbvX-Xv. \nXy Pohsâ km£mXvImc-¯n\v ]ptcmln-X-·mcp-sSbpw ]oemt¯mkn-sâbpw ImÂhcnbnse Ipcn- in-sâbpw amÀ¤w {InkvXp kzoIcn-¨p-sh¶v am{Xw. bqZmknsâ Npw_\w \nXy-Poh\p-ta a\p- jy\p km²y-amb sXm«-dn-hn\v \nZÀi-\amWv þ Hcp almtbmKnsb Xncn-¨-dnª tbmKn-bpsS {]IS\w þ AXmWv {InkvXp bqZmkn-t\mSv Bhiy-s¸-«-Xv. ssZh¯nsâ GI]p-{X-s\, Xm³ Xncn¨-dnª Bß-{]-Imis¯ A£cw {]Xn A\p-k-cn-¡pI am{X-amWv Acp-ain-jy-\mb bqZmkv sNbvX-sX¶v Imew shfn-¨¯p sIm−p-h¶ bqZmknsâ kXy-hN\w hyà-am¡p-¶p. kphn-tijw
44
 bqZmknsâ tNmZy-¯n\v D¯-c-ambn Cutim hyà-am¡p-¶Xv þ tkm^nb (Ahn-Zy) krjvSn¨ Xeap-d-Ifn tk¯nsâ k´Xn-IÄ ac-Wt¯msS ssZh¯nsâ Gähpw D¶Xn-bn-epÅ tim`mbam\amb Krls¯ {]m]n-¡p-¶p. Ccp«nsâ k´Xn-IÄ Bßmhn-Ãm-¯ Xn-\m ]md-¸p-ds¯ hnX-¡-s¸« hn¯p-IÄ t]mse Icnªp t]mIp-¶p. ssZh¯nsâ Krl- ¯n\v {InkvXp \ÂIp¶ hnhcWw D]-\n-j-¯p-Ifnse hÀ®-\IÄ¡v kam\amWv. \iz-c-amb
 
2
icocw t]dp¶ BÀ¡pw Xs¶ ssZh¯nsâ `h\-¯n {]th-in-¡m\mIn-Ã. ]cn-ip-²n- bpÅhÀ¡v am{X-amWv AhnsS {]thi-\w. kqcyt\m N{µt\m AhnsS {]Imin-¡p-¶n-Ã. ]cn-ip- ²mßmhv amemJamÀs¡m¸w A\iz-cambn AhnsS hÀ¯n-¡p-¶p. ItTm]-\n-j-¯nse Hcp tÇmIw ChnsS {it²-bamWv.\ X{X kqtcym `mXn \ N{µ-XmcIw t\am hnZyptXm `m´n IptXm
ƒ
baánXtah `m´a-\p-`mXn kÀÆw Xky `mkm kÀÆanZw hn`mXnAhnsS kqcyt\m N{µt\m {]Imin-¡p-¶n-Ã. an¶tem Aántbm AhnsS Pzen-¡p-¶n-Ã. B Znhy-tPymXn-Ên-\m kÀÆhpw {]Imin-¸n-¡-s¸-Sp-¶p. B tPymXn-Ên-\m Xs¶ ChnsS {]Im in¨p ImWp-¶p.ssZh¯nsâ taL-§Ä¡p apIfnse Xncpk-`-bn-te¡v kphÀ®-taL-cY-¯n B\bn¡pw ap¼v {InkvXp bqZmknsâ Npw_-\¯n\v {]Xn-^-e\sat¶mWw bqZmknsâ ap¼n {]Xy-£ s¸«v apàn-bpsS amÀ¤¯nse shÅn-\£-{X-amWv \o F¶v Acp-fn-s¨-bvXp. kqcy\p ap¶nepw ]n¶n-ep-ambn amdn amdn {]Xy£-s¸-Sp¶ shÅn-\£{Xw (ho\kv) bqZmkn-sâ, Adn-hnsâ {]Xo IamWv. \nXy-Pohsâ {]Imi-amb {InkvXp tk¯nsâ ]c-¼c-bn Úm\¯n\p−mb kqcyIn- coS-amWv. ac-Ws¯ \nXy-Pohsâ IhmS-ambn t_m²y-s¸« almtbmKn þ AXmbn-cp¶p tbip-tZ- h³ þ ssZh¯nsâ GI]p-{X-\mIm³ aämÀ¡mWp Ign-bpI?
Rm³ kXyhpw Poh\pw hgnbpw
a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-¯nse sshcp-²y§fpw Xsâ injy-·mcp-sS s]můhpw I−v s]m«n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ tbiphns\ bqZmknsâ kphn-tijw \ap¡v Im«n-¯-cp-¶p. {Iqin-X-\mbn hne]n-¡p¶ {InkvXp hns\ tbmþ-a-þ-eq-þam kphn-ti-j-§Ä Nn{XoIcn-¡p-t¼mÄ Ipcn-in\p apIfn {InkvXp Nncn¨p sIm−v \n¡p-¶Xmbn bqZmkv ImWp¶p. {Iqin-X-amb PU-a-Ã, Ipcn-in\p apIfn ImWp¶ s]m«n-¨n-cn-¡p¶ \nXy-Poh\mb tbip-tZ-h\mWv kXyhpw hgnbpw F¶v tbmKnbpw Úm\n-bp- amb bqZmkv {]Jym]n-¡p-¶p. AÚ-XbmWv ]m]w, ]m]¯n\v ]cn-lmcw Úm\amWv _en- bÃ. Bß_en-bpsS \mSIw kn²-]mc-¼cy-¯n-se¶pw \nXy-Pohsâ {]IS\w am{X-ambn-cp-¶p. {Iqin-X-\mbn hne]n¨ {InkvXphns\¡−v ssZht¯mSv ]cn-`hw ]dªp {]mÀ°n¨htcmSv ssZhw amemJamcn-eqsS Adn-bn-¨p:
Ipcn-in\p apIfn-te¡v t\m¡p-I. ]p©ncn¨p \n¡p¶ B tbip-hamWv Fsâ GI]p-{X³. kXyhpw Poh\pw F¶n-te¡pÅ hgnbpw Ah\mWv
. AÚ-X-bp-sSbpw Ccp-«nsâbpw sNIp-¯m-sâbpw A\p-hÀ¯n-Ifmbn {InkvXp-hns\ Ipcn-in Xd¨ ]ptcmln-X-·mcpw inÂ_-Ôn-Ifpw \nXyPohs\ P\X-Xn-bn \n¶pw ad-¨p-]n-Sn-¡p-¶Xn-\mbn krjvSn¨ hnNn-{X-IÂ]-\bmWv hne]n¨p sIm−v Poh³ shSnª {InkvXphpw Ipcnipw. PUm ´ÀKX-\mbn ssh¢ºyw A\p-`-hn-¡p¶, sNIp-¯msâ kphn-tijw tI«v ab§nb a\p-jys\ t\m¡n C¶pw Ipcn-ipIÄ¡v apIfn {InkvXp Nncn-XqIn \n¡p¶p. {InkvXp ]m]-§Ä¡v hnebÃ, ]m]-§fn-te¡v \s½ \bn-¡p¶ AÚ-X¡v ]cnlmcamb Adn-hmWv þ c£-I\mb KpcphmWv, c£-bpsS kq{X-amb _en-bm-S-Ã.
Ipcnin\p apI-fnse kzÀ¤w þ {_Òx kXyw PKXv anYym
Ipcn-inse hrWn-X-\mb tbiphpw ]m]¯n\v hnebmb Ipcn-ip-ac-Whpw tdmans\ s]mXnªp \n¶ AÔIm-c-¯nsâ ]cn-WXn-bmWv. tdmansâ DbÀ¨bpw AeIvkm{−n-b-bpsS ]X\hpw am\h-cmin-¡p-fhm¡nb \jvS-¯nsâ IY ]d-bp¶p bqZmknsâ kphn-ti-jw. Ipcniv Ime ¯nsâ, ambbp-sS, AÚ-X-bp-sS, AÔIm-c-¯nsâ {]XoIam-Wv. BZn-Ime¯v {InkvXp-hnsâ {]XoIw Ipcn-imbn-cp-¶n-söpw IpªmSmbn-cp-¶p-sh¶pw Ncn-{X-tc-JIÄ kqNn-¸n-¡p-¶p. krjvSnbpw Imehpw þ tZ-i-Ime]-cn-[n-IfpsS Cu temIw þ A\mZn-bmb Znhy-k-¯¡v h¶ A]-{`w-i-ambn tk¯nsâ ]c-¼c ho£n-¡p-¶p. a\p-jy-P·w ]cn-ip-²mßmhn\v kw`-hn¨ Cu
 
3
A]-{`w-i-¯nsâ XpSÀ¨-bmWv. {_Ò-kXyw PK·nYym F¶v ]n¡me¯v {ioi¦-cmNmcyÀ {]Jym]n-¨-Xv tk¯nsâ ]c¼c-bpsS almhmIyw Xs¶. PU¯nsâ ]cn-an-Xn-IfpsS temI¯n\v {InkvXp Hcp hnebpw IÂ]n-¨n-cp-¶n-Ã. Bßs\ _Ôn-¡p¶ Ime¯nsâ {]XoI ambn ]{´−p cmin-IÄ¡v {]Xn-\n-[nXzw hln¨ ]{´−p injy-·mscbpw {InkvXp bqZmknsâ kphn-ti-j-¯n XÅn-¸-d-bp-¶p. ac-Ws¯ `b¡msX, ac-Ww \nXy-X-bpsS IhmS-amsW¶v ]Xn-aq-¶ma-\mb bqZmkns\ {InkvXp ]Tn-¸n-¡p-¶p. aäv ]{´−p t]cpw Pdp-ktew tZhmeb ¯nse I¶p-Imen-Isf _en sImSp-¡p¶ ]ptcmln-X-·msc-t¸mse P\§sf hgn sXän-¡p-¶h cmsW¶v tbip Ah-tcmSp Xs¶ ]dbp-¶p.Ipcnip Imew \ÂIp¶ ]cn-an-Xn-IfpsS {]XoIhpw a\p-jy-P·¯nsâ {]XoIhp-am-Wv. tbmK-im kv{X-]-c-ambn t\m¡n-bm Ipcnip ]nWvUmWvU-¯nsâ (
Microcosm
) {]XoIamWv þ Imesa¶Ipcn-in-t·Â Xd¡-s¸«p Ic-ªp-sIm−p ]nd-¡p¶ \{kmb-·mÀ. \t{k¯v \iz-c-amb `qan-bpsS {]XoIam-Wv. ]cbpsS (amcn) temI¯p-\n¶pw A]-c-bpsS temIs¯-¯p¶ Bßmhv \nXy-Po hs\ Adn-bp-¶n-Ã. ]c-bpsS temI¯p \n¶pw h¶ \nXy-Pohsâ, Adn-hnsâ, `qan-bnse AhXm c-amWv tbip F¶v Xncn-¨-dnhv kn²n-¨Xv bqZmkn\v am{X-ambn-cp-¶p. tbip-hnsâ amXmhv \nXy-I \y-Ibm-Ip-¶Xv Cu kXy-¯n-t·-emWv.
btlmhbpw tk¯pw kn²]c¼cbpw þ bqZmknsâ Xncpk`
kmwJyþssihþimà X¯zZÀi\§fpsS ià-amb \ng-em«w bqZmknsâ kphn-ti-j-¯nse tbiphnsâ hm¡p-Ifnepw tk¯nsâ kn²]-c-¼c-sb¸-än-bpÅ CXc ]cmaÀi-§fnepw ImWmw. ]mekvXo\nse lo{_p `mj-bn ssZh¯nsâ t]cmb \me£-c-§Ä¡v, AXmbXv, bþ-l-þ-h- þA (
Y-H-W-H
) tk¯nsâ ]c¼c-bn ]pcpj³þ-aqe{]-Ir-Xn-þ-hn-Ir-Xn-þ-krjvSn F¶o kmwJy-X- ¯z-§Ä¡v kam\amb hymJym\§-tfmsS {]kn-²-amWv. bImcw \nÀKpW\mb, \ncmImc-\m-b, A{]m]y-\mb, AXp-ey-\mb Znhy-ssN-X-\yhpw (]n-Xmhv) lImcw aqe{]IrXn AYhm amXmhv, hnIrXn aqe{]Ir-Xn-bn-ep-−mIp¶ {XnKp-Wsshj-aymhØ, hnkÀKw (A=x) krjvSn AYhm {]]-©hpw BIp¶p. aqe{]-Ir-Xn¡v
Barbelo
F¶ \maw \ÂIn ImWp-¶p. Znhyin-ip-hmb Cutim, hnIr-Xn-bn-eqsS krjvS-amb Ccp-«ns\ (Akp-cw) CÃmXm¡p-hm³ kzbw-`q-hmb Úm\ kq-cy-\mWv. teJIsâ AhmkvX-hn-I-amb PÂ]-\§fà Cu Nn´Isf¶v hyà-am¡p-hm³ Xmsg Nne D²-c-Wn-IÄ \ÂIp-¶p.
tk¯nsâ ]c-¼c¡v ssZhn-IX-bpsS in_ncw {XnaqÀ¯n-Ifm (]n-Xmhv, amXmhv, inip) Ae ¦r-X-amWv. \ncmImc-\m-b, \nÀKp-W\mb Bß]pcpj-kzcq]w, -]-cmi-àn, kzbw`q-hmb inip þ Chcn ]pcpj³ AYhm A\mZn inhX¯zw k¦Â]§Ä¡pw hnhc-W§Ä¡pw AXoXamb{]Imihpw _Àºntem AYhm amXmhmb ]cmiàn {]Imi-¯nsâ {]Xn-^-e\w AYhm hnaÀi-kz-cq-]-hp-amWv. inip amXmhn \n¶pw thgvN IqSmsX P\n-¡p¶p AYhm ]nXmhnsâ tXtPmIWn-I¡v amXmhn-ep-−mIp¶ {]PbmIp-¶p. hnIr-Xn-bn-eqsS kwPmX-amb Bkp-c-tem Is¯ \nbm-aIam-¡pI F¶ ZuXyamWv inip-hn-\p-Å-Xv. hnIrXn tkm^nb AYhm CÑm-þ- Úm\kz-cq-]n-Wn-bmb amXmhv ]nXmhnsâ {]Imi-kz-cq-]-¯n\v At±l-¯nsâ A\p-aXn IqSmsX \ÂInb {]IS-\am-Wv...
(kzX-{´]-cn-`mj, tPm¬ tSWÀ ]pdw
141-142
tKmkv]ÂB^v PqZmkv, \mj-WÂ tPm{Km^nIv skmssk-än).
“Many Sethian treatises locate at the summit of the hierarchy a supreme triad of Father, Motherand Child. The members of this triad are the Invisible Spirit, Barbelo and the divine autogenes.The Invisible Spirit seems to transcend even the realm of being itself, which properly begins withBarbelo as his projected self-reflection. The child is self generated (autogenes) from Barbeloeither spontaneously or from a spark of the Father’s light, and is responsible for the ordering of 

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