when the company started manufacturingcar radiosin 1930; the name is a combination of "motor" and the suffix "ola" that was used atthe time in various product names, including "Victrola."Many of Motorola's Products have beenradio-related, starting with a battery eliminator for radios, through the firstwalkie-talkiein theworldin1940,defenseelectronics,cellular infrastructure equipment, andmobile phonemanufacturing. In the same year, thecompany built its research and development program withDaniel Noble, a pioneer inFMradio and semiconductor technologies joined the company as director of research.In1943, Motorola went public and in1947, the name changed to its present name. The presentlogowas introduced in1955.At this time, Motorola's main business was producing and selling televisions and radios.In1952, Motorola opened its first international subsidiary inToronto,Canadato produceradios and televisions. In1953, Motorola established theMotorola Foundationto supportleading universities in the United States.In1955, years after Motorola started its research and development laboratory inPhoenix,Arizonato research new solid-state technology, Motorola introduced the world's firstcommercial high-power germanium-basedtransistor .