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Lie Algebras

Lie Algebras

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Lie algebras
Shlomo SternbergApril 23, 2004
 
2
 
Contents
1 The Campbell Baker HausdorFormula 7
1.1 The problem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.2 The geometric version of the CBH formula. . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.3 The Maurer-Cartan equations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.4 Proof of CBH from Maurer-Cartan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141.5 The differential of the exponential and its inverse. . . . . . . . . 151.6 The averaging method. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161.7 The Euler MacLaurin Formula. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181.8 The universal enveloping algebra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191.8.1 Tensor product of vector spaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201.8.2 The tensor product of two algebras. . . . . . . . . . . . . 211.8.3 The tensor algebra of a vector space. . . . . . . . . . . . . 211.8.4 Construction of the universal enveloping algebra. . . . . . 221.8.5 Extension of a Lie algebra homomorphism to its universalenveloping algebra. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221.8.6 Universal enveloping algebra of a direct sum. . . . . . . . 221.8.7 Bialgebra structure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231.9 The Poincar´e-Birkhoff-Witt Theorem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241.10 Primitives. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281.11 Free Lie algebras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.11.1 Magmas and free magmas on a set . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291.11.2 The Free Lie Algebra
L
X
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301.11.3 The free associative algebra Ass(
). . . . . . . . . . . . . 311.12 Algebraic proof of CBH and explicit formulas. . . . . . . . . . . . 321.12.1 Abstract version of CBH and its algebraic proof. . . . . . 321.12.2 Explicit formula for CBH. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2
sl
(2)
and its Representations. 35
2.1 Low dimensional Lie algebras. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 352.2
sl
(2) and its irreducible representations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362.3 The Casimir element. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392.4
sl
(2) is simple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 402.5 Complete reducibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412.6 The Weyl group. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423

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