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Module 12 Notes

Module 12 Notes

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Published by: applecake18 on Jan 11, 2010
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01/08/2012

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MODULE 12LiqueursWHAT ARE LIQUEURS?DIFFERENT TYPES OF LIQUEURSFLAVOR-TASTE-COLOUR 
-A
liqueur
is an alcoholic beveragethat has been flavored with fruit, herbs, nuts, spices, flowers, or  creamand  bottled with added sugar.
Liqueurs
are typically quite sweet; they are usually not aged for long but may haveresting periods during their production to allow flavors to marryLiqueurs date back centuries and are historical descendants of herbal medicines, often those prepared bymonks,
TWO METHODS
Maceration or cold methodThe object is to obtain the aromatic (pleasant odors) substances from the raw materials. This method can takeas long as a year In basic terms, the raw material is immersed in the raw alcohol until that Spirit absorbs theflavor. The final product is called a 'Tincture' and forms the base for the Liqueur.Infusion or heat method-distillation processSimilar to Maceration in that the flavoring agent is 'Steeped' or soaked in a Base Alcohol. The difference isthat the Alcohol is heated. This heat is maintained for several days and the result is a more flavorful and lessexpensive product. (herbs,peels,roots are used to extract oil,flavors and aromas)
HOW IT IS SERVED
Served in many ways,poured over ice, with coffee, mixed with cream or other mixers to createcocktails, etc.They are often served with or after adessert.Liqueurs are also used incooking Layered drinks made by floating different-coloured liqueurs in separate layers are attractive. Each liqueur is pouredslowly into a glass over the back of a spoon or down a glass rod, so that the liquids of different densities remainunmixed, creating a striped effect.
TYPES OF LIQUEURS
Anise liqueurs-
 
have the interesting property of turning from transparent to cloudy when added towater- Galliano/Pernod/Richard/Sambucca
Bitter Liqueurs-
 
Campari-Dubonnet-Fernet Branca-Jagermeister-
 
Fruit liqueurs-
 
Southern comfort-(peach-orange)-Grand Marnier-(orange)Torres-(Spain-orange)-Crème de casis-(Black currant)-Cointreau-(orange)
Chocolate liqueurs-
 
(Crème de Cacao- Choc liqueur)
Nut Liqueurs-
 
Amaretto-This is a brandy-based liqueur that's flavored with almonds and apricot pits.
Others
-
 
ADVOCAAT
 
This is a very thick liqueur made from brandy and egg yolks. It's normally eatenwith a spoon or added to coffee or hot chocolate
KAHLUA
-
is a well knownMexican coffee-flavoredliqueur .It is heavy and sweet, with a distinct taste of  coffee, from which it is made. Kahlua also contains sugar,Kahlua also contains sugar, corn syrup and vanilla bean.
TIA MARIA
-
is made inJamaicausing Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee  beans. The main flavor ingredients are coffee beans, cane spirit, vanilla, and sugar,
POPULAR BRANDS OF LIQUEURS
Baileys- Irish cream-choclate,vanilla,caramel-Light brown- coffee flavor-Ireland
Sambucca- Aniseed-clear-Italy-
Saki-clear-rice-Japan
Grand Marnier-Amber-bitter orange- France
Tia Maria-Brown-Coffee-Jamaica
Crame de cacao-Dark Brown-Chocolate/vanilla-France
Drambuie-Golden-Honey,herbs-Scotland
Kahlua-Pale choclate-Coffee-Mexico
Crème de Menthe-Green-Mint-France
Benedictine-Yellow/Green-Brandy,herb flavor-France
Cointreau-Clear-Orange-France
Galliano-yellow-vanilla-aniseed –Italy

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