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Quản trị mạng windows 2003

Quản trị mạng windows 2003

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Published by tungkienan
Quản trị mạng
Quản trị mạng

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Published by: tungkienan on Jan 11, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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08/09/2011

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Download tài li
u này t
i di
n
đ
àn qu
n tr 
m
ng và qu
n tr 
h
th
ng|http://www.adminviet.net
1
 
M
c
 
l
c
 
M
c
 
l
c
 
.....................................................................................................................................................
 
2
 
GI
I
 
THI
U
 
............................................................................................................................................
 
16
 
GIÁO
 
TRÌNH
 
 
THUY
T
 
......................................................................................................................
 
18
 
TÀI
 
LI
U
 
THAM
 
KH
O
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
18
 
Bài
 
1
 
GI
I
 
THI
U
 
V
 
M
NG
 
.................................................................................................................
 
19
 
Tóm
 
t
t....................................................................................................................................................
 
19
 
Bài
 
1
 
GI
I
 
THI
U
 
V
 
M
NG
 
.................................................................................................................
 
20
 
I.
 
CÁC
 
KI
N
 
TH
C
 
C
Ơ
 
S
 
...............................................................................................................
 
20
 
II.
 
CÁC
 
LO
I
 
M
NG
 
MÁY
 
TÍNH
 
..........................................................................................................
 
21
 
II.1.
 
M
ng
 
c
c
 
b
 
LAN
 
(Local
 
Area
 
Network)
 
...............................................................................
 
21
 
II.2.
 
M
ng
 
đ
ô
 
th
 
MAN
 
(Metropolitan
 
Area
 
Network).....................................................................
 
21
 
II.3.
 
M
ng
 
di
n
 
ng
 
WAN
 
(Wide
 
Area
 
Network)..........................................................................
 
21
 
II.4.
 
M
ng
 
Internet
 
........................................................................................................................
 
22
 
III.
 
CÁC
 
 
HÌNH
 
X
 
 
M
NG
 
.........................................................................................................
 
22
 
III.1.
 
 
hình
 
x
 
 
m
ng
 
t
p
 
trung
 
...............................................................................................
 
22
 
III.2.
 
 
hình
 
x
 
 
m
ng
 
phân
 
ph
i..............................................................................................
 
23
 
III.3.
 
 
hình
 
x
 
 
m
ng
 
c
ng
 
tác.
 
...............................................................................................
 
23
 
IV.
 
CÁC
 
 
HÌNH
 
QU
N
 
 
M
NG
 
....................................................................................................
 
24
 
IV.1.
 
Workgroup.............................................................................................................................
 
24
 
IV.2.
 
Domain
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
24
 
V.
 
CÁC
 
 
HÌNH
 
NG
 
D
NG
 
M
NG
 
................................................................................................
 
24
 
V.1.
 
M
ng
 
ngang
 
hàng
 
(peer 
 
to
 
peer)
 
..........................................................................................
 
24
 
V.2.
 
M
ng
 
khách
 
ch
 
(client-
 
server)
 
............................................................................................
 
25
 
VI.
 
CÁC
 
D
CH
 
V
 
M
NG......................................................................................................................
 
25
 
VI.1.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
t
p
 
tin
 
(Files
 
Services)..............................................................................................
 
26
 
VI.2.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
in
 
n
 
(Print
 
Services)
 
................................................................................................
 
26
 
VI.3.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
thông
 
đ
i
p
 
(Message
 
Services)................................................................................
 
26
 
VI.4.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
th
ư
 
m
c
 
(Directory
 
Services)
 
..................................................................................
 
27
 
VI.5.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
ng
 
d
ng
 
(Application
 
Services)
 
..............................................................................
 
27
 
VI.6.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
c
ơ
 
s
 
d
 
li
u
 
(Database
 
Services)
 
..........................................................................
 
27
 
VI.7.
 
D
ch
 
v
 
Web
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
27
 
VII.
 
CÁC
 
L
I
 
ÍCH
 
TH
C
 
T
 
C
A
 
M
NG..............................................................................................
 
27
 
VII.1.
Ti
ế
t
 
ki
m
 
đượ
c
 
tài
 
nguyên
 
ph
n
 
c
ng.
 
.................................................................................
 
27
 
VII.2.
Trao
 
đổ
i
 
d
 
li
u
 
tr 
 
nên
 
d
 
dàng
 
h
ơ
n.
 
..................................................................................
 
28
 
VII.3.
Chia
 
s
 
ng
 
d
ng..................................................................................................................
 
28
 
VII.4.
T
p
 
trung
 
d
 
li
u,
 
b
o
 
m
t
 
 
backup
 
t
t.
 
............................................................................
 
28
 
VII.5.
S
 
d
ng
 
các
 
ph
n
 
m
m
 
ng
 
d
ng
 
trên
 
m
ng.
 
.....................................................................
 
28
 
VII.6.
S
 
d
ng
 
các
 
d
ch
 
v
 
Internet.
 
...............................................................................................
 
28
 
Bài
 
2
 
 
HÌNH
 
THAM
 
CHI
U
 
OSI.........................................................................................................
 
29
 
Tóm
 
t
t....................................................................................................................................................
 
29
 
I.
 
 
HÌNH
 
OSI.
 
.................................................................................................................................
 
30
 
I.1.
 
Khái
 
ni
m
 
giao
 
th
c
 
(protocol).
 
.............................................................................................
 
30
 
I.2.
 
Các
 
t
 
ch
c
 
đị
nh
 
chu
n.
 
......................................................................................................
 
30
 
I.3.
 
 
hình
 
OSI.
 
.........................................................................................................................
 
30
 
I.4.
 
Ch
c
 
n
ă
ng
 
c
a
 
các
 
l
p
 
trong
 
 
hình
 
tham
 
chi
ế
u
 
OSI
 
........................................................
 
31
 
II.
 
QUÁ
 
TRÌNH
 
X
 
 
 
V
N
 
CHUY
N
 
C
A
 
M
T
 
GÓI
 
D
 
LI
U.
 
.................................................
 
33
 
 
Download tài li
u này t
i di
n
đ
àn qu
n tr 
m
ng và qu
n tr 
h
th
ng|http://www.adminviet.net
2
 
II.1.
 
Quá
 
trình
 
đ
óng
 
gói
 
d
 
li
u
 
(t
i
 
máy
 
g
i)
 
...............................................................................
 
33
 
II.2.
 
Quá
 
trình
 
truy
n
 
d
 
li
u
 
t
 
máy
 
g
i
 
đế
n
 
máy
 
nh
n.
 
.............................................................
 
34
 
 
Download tài li
u này t
i di
n
đ
àn qu
n tr 
m
ng và qu
n tr 
h
th
ng|http://www.adminviet.net
3
 
II.3.
 
Chi
 
ti
ế
t
 
quá
 
trình
 
x
 
 
t
i
 
máy
 
nh
n
 
.....................................................................................
 
34
 
III.
 
 
HÌNH
 
THAM
 
CHI
U
 
TCP/IP.
 
....................................................................................................
 
35
 
III.1.
 
Vai
 
trò
 
c
a
 
 
hình
 
tham
 
chi
ế
u
 
TCP/IP.
 
...............................................................................
 
35
 
III.2.
 
Các
 
l
p
 
c
a
 
 
hình
 
tham
 
chi
ế
u
 
TCP/IP..............................................................................
 
35
 
III.3.
 
Các
 
b
ướ
c
 
đ
óng
 
gói
 
d
 
li
u
 
trong
 
 
hình
 
TCP/IP................................................................
 
36
 
III.4.
 
So
 
sánh
 
 
hình
 
OSI
 
 
TCP/IP.
 
.........................................................................................
 
36
 
Bài
 
3
 
 ĐỊ
A
 
CH
 
IP
 
.....................................................................................................................................
 
38
 
Tóm
 
t
t....................................................................................................................................................
 
38
 
I.
 
T
NG
 
QUAN
 
V
 
 ĐỊ
A
 
CH
 
IP...........................................................................................................
 
39
 
II.
 
M
T
 
S
 
KHÁI
 
NI
M
 
 
THU
T
 
NG
 
LIÊN
 
QUAN.......................................................................
 
39
 
III.
 
GI
I
 
THI
U
 
CÁC
 
L
P
 
 ĐỊ
A
 
CH
.
 
.....................................................................................................
 
40
 
III.1.
 
L
p
 
A.
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
40
 
III.2.
 
L
p
 
B.
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
41
 
III.3.
 
L
p
 
C.
 
...................................................................................................................................
 
41
 
III.4.
 
L
p
 
D
 
 
E.
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
42
 
III.5.
 
B
ng
 
t
ng
 
k
ế
t.
 
.......................................................................................................................
 
42
 
III.6.
 
 
d
 
cách
 
tri
n
 
khai
 
đặ
t
 
đị
a
 
ch
ỉ 
 
IP
 
cho
 
m
t
 
h
 
th
ng
 
m
ng.
 
................................................
 
42
 
III.7.
 
Chia
 
m
ng
 
con
 
(subnetting).
 
.................................................................................................
 
42
 
III.8.
 
 Đị
a
 
ch
ỉ 
 
riêng
 
(private
 
address)
 
 
c
ơ
 
ch
ế
 
chuy
n
 
đổ
i
 
đị
a
 
ch
ỉ 
 
m
ng
 
(Network
 
Address
 
Translation
 
-
 
NAT)
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
45
 
III.9.
 
C
ơ
 
ch
ế
 
NAT
 
..........................................................................................................................
 
45
 
IV.
 
M
T
 
S
 
CÂU
 
H
I
 
TH
ƯỜ
NG
 
 ĐẶ
T
 
RA
 
KHI
 
LÀM
 
VI
C
 
V
I
 
 ĐỊ
A
 
CH
 
IP.
 
.......................................
 
45
 
IV.1.
 
 
d
 
1.
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
45
 
IV.2.
 
 
d
 
2.
 
..................................................................................................................................
 
47
 
Bài
 
4
 
PH
ƯƠ
NG
 
TI
N
 
TRUY
N
 
D
N
 
 
CÁC
 
THI
T
 
B
 
M
NG...........................................................
 
48
 
Tóm
 
t
t....................................................................................................................................................
 
48
 
I.
 
GI
I
 
THI
U
 
V
 
MÔI
 
TR
ƯỜ
NG
 
TRUY
N
 
D
N
 
..............................................................................
 
49
 
I.1.
 
Khái
 
ni
m
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
49
 
I.2.
 
T
n
 
s
 
truy
n
 
thông
 
..............................................................................................................
 
49
 
I.3.
 
Các
 
đặ
c
 
tính
 
c
a
 
ph
ươ
ng
 
ti
n
 
truy
n
 
d
n.............................................................................
 
49
 
I.4.
 
Các
 
ki
u
 
truy
n
 
d
n.
 
.............................................................................................................
 
50
 
II.
 
CÁC
 
LO
I
 
CÁP................................................................................................................................
 
51
 
II.1.
 
Cáp
 
đồ
ng
 
tr 
c
 
(coaxial).
 
........................................................................................................
 
51
 
II.2.
 
Cáp
 
xo
n
 
đ
ôi.
 
........................................................................................................................
 
53
 
II.3.
 
Cáp
 
quang
 
(Fiber-optic
 
cable)...............................................................................................
 
56
 
III.
 
 ĐƯỜ
NG
 
TRUY
N
 
 
TUY
N........................................................................................................
 
58
 
III.1.
 
Sóng
 
 
tuy
ế
n
 
(radio).
 
...........................................................................................................
 
58
 
III.2.
 
Sóng
 
viba.
 
.............................................................................................................................
 
59
 
III.3.
 
H
ng
 
ngo
i.
 
...........................................................................................................................
 
59
 
IV.
 
CÁC
 
THI
T
 
B
 
M
NG......................................................................................................................
 
60
 
IV.1.
 
Card
 
m
ng
 
(NIC
 
hay
 
Adapter).
 
.............................................................................................
 
60
 
IV.2.
 
Card
 
m
ng
 
dùng
 
cáp
 
đ
i
n
 
tho
i.
 
...........................................................................................
 
61
 
IV.3.
 
Modem.
 
.................................................................................................................................
 
62
 
IV.4.
 
Repeater.
 
..............................................................................................................................
 
63
 
IV.5.
 
Hub........................................................................................................................................
 
63
 
IV.6.
 
Bridge
 
(c
u
 
n
i).
 
....................................................................................................................
 
64
 
IV.7.
 
Switch....................................................................................................................................
 
64
 
IV.8.
 
Wireless
 
Access
 
Point...........................................................................................................
 
66
 

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