This is a study on party candidate selection with particular reference to Bangladesh. The mainquery of this study is how parties select their candidates for the parliamentary elections.Drawing on a theoretically in-framed case study of Bangladesh, the present study examinesthe impact of candidate selection process where the political parties are not internallydemocratic.Candidate selection is the process by which political parties decide who will be on the ballot paper as their recommended candidates. The way in which they make that choice is mainlydetermined by their own rules of procedures or by the state law. In most of the democracies political parties are free to make their own rules of procedure for the purpose of selectingcandidates while there are some countries where the constitution, electoral law or the political parties’ law determines the criteria for selecting the party candidates.Despite differences in procedure, party candidates are selected in Bangladesh by the parliamentary board comprised of the top-brass party leaders. The major parties set up acentral selection board for the purpose of selecting party candidates for parliamentary pools.The name and composition of the board are similar, for example, both the Bangladesh Nationalist Party and the Bangladesh Awami League form parliamentary boards with elevenmembers headed by the respective party chiefs. These two parties have developed a practiceof receiving applications from the aspirant candidates in a prescribed application form. After scrutinizing these applications aspirant candidates are called for an interview by the parliamentary board. Although, parliamentary board is, according to party constitution,supreme decision making body, party chiefs in practice takes the final decision after consultations with other members of the parliamentary board. Like the two major partiesJatiya Party chairman acts as the chairman of the parliamentary board and has the final sayregarding selecting candidates, parliamentary board formally approves his decisions only.
In the recent ninth parliamentary election, Bangladesh Awami Leagueempowers the grassroots party committees for making a candidate list forthe respective constituency. Other parties did not follow any procedure forchoosing candidates at any level through internal elections. Although AL