), the first Vice President to have been born after theAmerican Revolution,and the first Vice President to resign from office.Calhoun briefly served in the South Carolina legislature. There he wrote legislationmaking South Carolina the first state to adoptuniversal suffragefor white men.
Daniel Webster (January 18, 1782 – October 24, 1852) was a leading Americanstatesmanduring the nation'sAntebellum Period. He first rose to regional prominencethrough his defense of New Englandshipping interests. His increasinglynationalisticviews and the effectiveness with which he articulated them led Webster to become one of the most famous orators and influentialWhigleaders of theSecond Party System.
Henry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was a nineteenth-centuryAmericanstatesman andorator who representedKentuckyin both theHouse of RepresentativesandSenate. He served asSecretary of Statefrom 1825 to 1829.He was a dominant figure in both theFirst Party Systemand theSecond PartySystem. Known as "The Great Compromiser" and "The Great Pacifier" for his ability to bring others to agreement, he was the founder and leader of theWhig Partyand a leadingadvocate of programs for modernizing the economy, especially tariffs to protect industryfrom international competition, a national bank, and internal improvements to promotecanals, ports and railroads.
"(Our) peculiar institution" was aneuphemismfor slaveryand the economicramifications of it in theAmerican South.The meaning of "peculiar" in this expression is"one's own", that is, referring to something distinctive to or characteristic of a particular place or people. The proper use of the expression is always as a possessive, e.g., "our peculiar institution" or "the South's peculiar institution". It was in popular use during thefirst half of the 19th century, especially in legislative bodies, as the word slavery wasdeemed "improper," and was actually banned in certain areas.
Sectionalism is loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country,rather than the nation as a whole.
The American System was amercantilisteconomic plan based on the "AmericanSchool" ideas of Alexander Hamilton,expanded upon later byFriedrich List, consistingof a hightariff to supportinternal improvementssuch as road-building, and a national bank to encourage productive enterprise and form a national currency. This program wasintended to allow the United States to grow and prosper, by providing a defense againstthe dumping of cheap foreign products, mainly at the time from the British Empire.
13.Era of Good Feelings
The Era of Good Feelings (1817–25)describes a period inUnited Statespoliticalhistory in which partisan bitterness abated. The phrase was coined byBenjamin Russell,