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Part 1 to 3-Dammage

Part 1 to 3-Dammage

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Published by: aungthein_san on Jan 12, 2010
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03/20/2011

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Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 1 to 3 )
Action following a damage
Actions will specifically depend on type of accident or damage. Followings are themain steps in common: 
Immediate actions:
 Take the con.Follow emergency procedure as per company emergency procedure manual, whichshould include:Sound general emergency alarm.Stop Engines.Announce by PA.Head count, look for casualty and establish communication.Close watertight doors.Activate SOPEP and take preventive actions in case of any oil pollution Order chief officer for damage assessment.Water tight integrity of hull and subsequent breaches of same.Assess rate of floodingCondition of machinery space.Check hull for damage.Visually inspect compartments where possible Obtain following information from emergency teams:Details casualties.Any fire riskAny other information regarding associate problems.On the bridge, the command team will do the followings:Maintained VHF watch.Exhibit light / shapes and any appropriate sound signals.Switch on deck lighting at night.Determine the vessel’s position.Broadcast urgency or distress massage as required.Inform the accident with positions and time to the following parties:Local authorities.Owners, charterers.P & I club.Make an accident report to MPA in the correct format. Try to minimize immediate danger such as pollution, fire etc. 
In case of grounding:
 Determine possibility of refloating the ship and take appropriate actions:
1
 
Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 1 to 3 )
Calculate height of tide and time of rise and fall.Reduce draught of ship:De-ballastingJettisoning cargoUse main engines to maneuver.Obtain assistance from port authority, coast guard, salvage tugs. 
Subsequent legal and commercial actions:
 While taking tug assistance, consider:LOF, if the danger imminent.Salvage contract if the situation permits. Use all available means of the ship to refloat the vessel. Keep all records of incidents and actions. Appropriate records to be entered in:Deck log bookMovement bookEngine log bookTelegraph recorder Echo sounder graph.Used chartEntry to be made in official log book.Record of all damage and subsequent actions. Prepare a statement of fact of all the happenings. Prepare a note of protest, stating the facts only. Consider the possibility of proceeding to voyage or deviating toport of refuge. 
V/L AGROUND
 
Immediate actions:
Take the con.Follow emergency procedure as per company emergency procedure manual, whichshould include:Sound general emergency alarm.Stop Engines.Announce by PA.Head count, look for casualty and establish communication.Close watertight doors. Activate SOPEP and take preventive actions in case of any oil pollution.
2
 
Class 1 & 2 Oral Answers ( Part 1 to 3 )
 Order chief officer for damage assessment.Water tight integrity of hull and subsequent breaches of same.Obtain sounding form all tanks, bilge’s, holdCondition of machinery space.Check hull for damage.Determine which way deep water lies.Visually inspect compartments where possibleSound bilge’s and tanks.Sound around the ship to find possible point of grounding. Obtain following information from emergency teams:Details casualties.Any fire riskAny other information regarding associate problems.On the bridge, the command team will do the followings:Maintained VHF watch.Exhibit light / shapes and any appropriate sound signals.Switch on deck lighting at night.Determine the vessel’s position.Obtain information on local currents and tides, particularly details of the rise and fallof the tide.Broadcast urgency or distress massage as required.Inform the accident with positions and time to the following parties:Local authorities.Owners, charterers.P & I club.Make an accident report to MPA in the correct format. Determine possibility of refloating the ship and take appropriate actions:Calculate height of tide and time of rise and fall.Reduce draught of ship:De-ballastingJettisoning cargoUse main engines to maneuver.Obtain assistance from port authority, coast guard, salvage tugs. 
Subsequent legal and commercial actions:
 Try to minimize immediate danger such as pollution, fire etc.While taking tug assistance, consider:LOF, if the danger imminent.Salvage contract if the situation permits.Use all available means of the ship to refloat the vessel.Keep all records of incidents and actions. Appropriate records to be entered in:Deck log bookMovement book
3

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