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wireless power transmission

wireless power transmission

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Published by Ayyub Mohammad
wireless power transmission
wireless power transmission

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Published by: Ayyub Mohammad on Jan 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/26/2013

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WIRELESSPOWERTRANSMISSION
FOR A SOPHISTICATED FUTURE 
Abstract:
We cannot imagine the world withoutelectric power.Generally the power is transmittedthrough wires. This paper describes an originalidea to eradicate the hazardous usage of electricalwires which involve lot of confusion inparticularly organizing them.Imagine a future in which wireless powertransfer is feasible: cell phones, household robots,mp3 players, laptop computers and other portableelectronics capable of charging themselveswithout ever being plugged in, freeing us fromthat final, ubiquitous power wire. Some of thesedevices might not even need their bulky batteriesto operate.This paper includes the techniques of transmitting power without using wires with anefficiency of about 95% with non-radiativemethods.Due to which it does not effect theenvironment surrounding.These techniquesincludes
resonating inductive coupling
insustainable moderate range.The coupling consists of an inductor alongwith a capacitor with its own resonatingfrequency. In any system of coupled resonatorsthere often exists a so-
called “strongly coupled”
regime of operation. If one ensures to operate inthat regime in a given system, the energy transfercan be very efficientAnother technique includes transfer of power through
microwaves using rectennas
.Thisis particularly suitable for long range distancesranging kilometers.With this we can avoid theconfusion and danger of having long,hazardousand tangled wiring.This paper as a whole gives an effective,high performance techniques which can efficientlytransmit the power to the required area varying indistances and input.
 
INTRODUCTION:
Unless you are particularlyorganized and good with tie wrap, you probablyhave a few dusty power cord tangles around yourhome. You may have even had to follow oneparticular cord through the seemingly impossiblesnarl to the outlet hoping that the plug you pullwill be the right one. This is one of the downfallsof electricity. While it can make people's liveseasier, it can add a lot of clutter in the process.For these reasons, scientists have tried todevelop methods of 
wireless power transmission
 that could cut the clutter or lead to clean sourcesof electricity.Researchers have developed severaltechniques for moving electricity over longdistances without wires. Some exist only astheories or prototypes, but others are already inuse.This paper provides the techniques used forwireless power transmission.
Evanscent wavic motion. cross sectional view of coupled coils.
These techniques are briefly classified into three depending on the distance between the transmitterand receiver. These are:
Short range, Moderate range and Long range
.
 
Short distance induction:
These methods can reach at most a fewcentimetresThe action of an electrical transformer isthe simplest instance of wireless energy transfer.The primary and secondary circuits of atransformer are electrically isolated from eachother. The transfer of energy takes place byelectromagnetic coupling through a processknown as mutual induction. (An added benefit isthe capability to step the primary voltage either upor down.) The electric toothbrush charger is anexample of how this principle can be used.A toothbrush's daily exposure to watermakes a traditional plug-in charger potentiallydangerous. Ordinary electrical connections couldalso allow water to seep into the toothbrush,damaging its components. Because of this, mosttoothbrushes recharge through
inductivecoupling
.You can use the same principle to rechargeseveral devices at once. For example, theSplashpower recharging mat and Edison Electric'sPowerdesk both use coils to create a magneticfield. Electronic devices use corresponding built-in or plug-in receivers to recharge while resting onthe mat. These receivers contain compatible coilsand the circuitry necessary to deliver electricity todevices' batteries
A Splashpower mat uses induction to recharge multiple devices simultaneously.
 
A newer theory uses a similar setup to transmit electricity over longer distances. We'll

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