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What Makes a Good Research

What Makes a Good Research



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A simple guide for anyone venturing into research.
A simple guide for anyone venturing into research.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Dr Ignatius Gwanmesia on Jan 12, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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What makes a good research? 
By Dr. Ignatius Gwanmesia
To make a good research you must know what research is. What is the purpose of the research or what is the research question. Basically, research is a study, aninvestigation or inquiry undertaken to improve or add to ones knowledge; add toexisting knowledge or to prove or disprove a hypothesis.
“Research is seeking through methodological processes to add to one’s own body of knowledge and hopefully, to that of others, by the discovery of non-trivial facts andinsights” Howard and Sharp, (1983, p.6)“Research is conducted to solve problems and to explain knowledge” Drew, (1980,p. 4)“Research is a systematic way of systematic way of asking questions, a systematicmethod of enquiry” Drew, (1980, p. 8)Thus, after identifying the problem that needs to be investigated, a good researchshould use appropriate methodology in a systematic way to arrive at a systematicobjective.
1. A good research should be well planned.
This may entail doing a pilot study; consulting the library to discover what isalready known about the subject
2. A good research should have a targeted audience.
Find out who is interested in the research. Of what relevance is the research toPolicy or practice?
 A good research should have a very well-defined objective or hypothesis. 
In research, it is of the essence to establish; what is known so far about the topicand to refine the objective of the research so that it is very specific. For example,
researching into the causes of cancer in women is a very broad topic. In a goodresearch, it is much better to narrow the sample.Similarly, researching into
‘Why do women suffer from breast cancer’ 
is too broadfor a good research since the word women could mean persons from all over theworld and from the age of 18 and over.
Why do mostly women over 40 suffer from breast cancer? 
While this is a much better question for research since it restricts the age group toover 40, the women could still be of any race
Why do mostly white women over 40 suffer from breast cancer? 
This is a more focused objective which could still be refined so that it becomes veryspecific.
Why do mostly white women over the age of 40 who smoke suffer from breast cancer? 
The women to be studied here are very specific. They are white; over 40 and aresmokers. Therefore the researcher knows that he or she is dealing with a particular type of women, not just all women over 40.(A sample is any thing or things that are being studied in the research) 
 A good research should be explicit in its design and methodology.
The research should clearly show whether its approach is qualitative or quantitative. Different styles, traditions or approaches use different methodsof collecting data.Quantitative researchers collect facts and study the relationships.Qualitative research is more concerned with understanding individuals’perceptions of the world. Unlike quantitative research which is concerned withstatistical analysis, qualitative research seeks an insight analysis of socialhappenings.
 A good research should show clearly its method of data-collection and how this data was analysed.
 Here, an overview of the problems encountered during the research mayprovide readers with relevant information when evaluating the outcome of theresearch.
 A good research should show evidence of relevant ethicaconsideration.
Ethics in research serve to protect relevant sectors especially when samplesor participants are either children or those incapable of making informedconsent. This is because of the potential for abuses. Reproducing previouswork (plagiarism) is ethically wrong. Many professional bodies and societieshave their own guidelines which may include; deception about the purpose of the research, encroachment on privacy, confidentiality, safety; care whenworking with children etc. Universities have strict codes of practice whenresearching with human beings. A good research will do well to respect andimplement these codes. Teachers, parents, administrators and keepers of documents need to be convinced of the researchers integrity of the research.
7.A good research should be time-scaled.
Society is constantly changing; so for the outcome of a research to beappropriate and applicable, the research must be completed within a set time.Within universities, a clear timetable for a research enables the supervisor tomanage and guides the student’s progress during the research process. Alsomost of those who commission research expect the investigation to becompleted within a set timetable.
8.Reliability and Reliability.
Critical scrutiny and objectivity is needed in all the processes in the researchto enhance reliability and validity. Here the use of multiple methods(triangulation) has been shown to enhance validity.

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