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The World: Are North-South Policies made to favour the North?

The World: Are North-South Policies made to favour the North?

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Inquiry by Dr. Ignatius Gwanmesia into opinions that the most enduring legacy of European expansion has been to create a world economy structured to favour the global north. Comment: antichildtraffic@yahoo.co.uk. Article is copy righted to Dr Ignatius.
Inquiry by Dr. Ignatius Gwanmesia into opinions that the most enduring legacy of European expansion has been to create a world economy structured to favour the global north. Comment: antichildtraffic@yahoo.co.uk. Article is copy righted to Dr Ignatius.

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Published by: Dr Ignatius Gwanmesia on Jan 12, 2010
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Introduction
The increasing media coverage and campaigns by Non Governmental Organisations(NGOs) and anti-globalisation campaigners against global economic structures thatfavour the north while victimising the south have ensured the universality of the latter’splight. To achieve a focused analysis in this discourse, I will examine the OAU region of Africa South of the Sahara (ASS) and Europe as typologies of the Southern andNorthern economic regions; represented by the Economic Community of West AfricanStates (ECOWAS) and the European Union (EU) respectively. I envisage using thestructural frameworks and operational strategies of the EU in particular and northernpolicies in general to determine to what degree the case for northern economicfavouritism is fact or fiction.I start with the consensus that “the world is essentially capitalist and exploitative in itsoperation” Went, (2000, p. Xii); Toussaint, (1998) and that any economic relationshipbetween the north (owners of capital) and the South (labour providers) will be guided by“the owner of capital seeking to make profit” Soros, (1998. P. Xxii) irrespective of themicro welfare of the former. McChesney (1999, p. 104). This is because,
 “Capitalism rest upon a fundamental asymmetry of power between capitalsand labour; if the power of labour gets too strong, the ‘rule of the gameallow those who own and control capital to institute vicious counter attacks.” 
Went, R. (2000, p. Xii).
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 An Objective inquiry by Dr. Ignatius Gwanmesia into opinions that the most enduring legacy of European expansion has been to create a world economy structured tofavour the global north? 
 
Thus, could the enduring legacy of “exploitation-oriented policies that took off under colonialism and imperialism and being currently propagated under globalisation”Ohmae, (1995) by the north be “an acute sickness that the north rather manages thancure?” Bello et al., (2001). The analogy here is that, keeping the south; the indispensiblesource of raw material and dumping ground for European industries and productsrespectively on a life support machine is economically the preferred option rather than adeath south. The European expansionist strategy is to ensure that the economic patient(the south) is not restored to full health so as to threaten the very economic existence of the north, but to remain so acutely incapacitated that the south’s economic survivaldepends on the north.Following this introduction will be a background overview of the evolution of the north-south economic relations; colonialism, imperialism and globalisation.
(See appendix One).
The body of the essay will use headings like protectionism and tradeliberalisation, dependency and debt servicing; globalisation and migration; subsidiesand ecology to analyse northern economic policies towards the south. Under appraisal Iwill compare, contrast and correlate prevailing opinions on whether the legacy of European expansion has been to create a world economy structured to favour theglobal north? My conclusion will be a summary and projection on debates developedwithin the essay. Finally, the bibliography will use the Harvard model to alphabeticallycredit all citations made in the essay.
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Background
The paradox behind the widespread marginalisation in ASS is that “African nations arepoor because they are rich? Martin Khor, (1995). Contentiously, the inter-play of power politics amongst the capitalist North to secure Africa’s wealth and resources are seen asthe major determinants of Africa’s sustained economic stagnation. Adams, (1993).Analysts agree that colonialism and imperialism culminating in the partition of Africa wasprimarily underpinned by economic motives to exploit and extract Africa’s resources tosustain European industrial revolution. Nicholson, (1998, p. 71);
Williamson, (1996);
Soros, (1999). The accompanying slave trade that depleted Africa of her virile andactive population also inflicted a debilitating blow to Africa’s political and economicaspirations. Needless to emphasise that Africa’s current powerlessness and economicvulnerability could be directly attributed to the ramifications of the slave trade.Nicholson, (1998, p. 69). Nevertheless, opinions are polarised on whether the legacy othe enduring northern-favoured economic policies are still underpinned by the samemotives that informed colonialism and imperialism. With primary focus on globalisation;the pandemic phenomenon that is controlling societies the world over, I will examine thepros and cons of these opinions. As with most concepts, the initial premise is that,whatever opinions that is projected by any school of thoughts, is a factor of their vestedinterest and cultural background.
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