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Telekomunikacijske mreze

Telekomunikacijske mreze

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Published by Adis Golubović
Seminarski rad iz Osnovi Telekomunikacija na temu: Telekomunikacijske Mreze
Seminarski rad iz Osnovi Telekomunikacija na temu: Telekomunikacijske Mreze

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Published by: Adis Golubović on Jan 12, 2010
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UNIVERZITET U BIHAĆUTEHNIČKI FAKULTET BIHAĆODSJEK: ELEKTROTEHNIKASMJER: INFORMATIKA
TELEKOMUNIKACIJSKE MREŽE
Prof. dr. Mesud Hadžialić Golubović Adis 40/IČović Sanel 72/IBihać 2006/2007
 
I Sadržaj
I Sadržaj........................................................................................................................................................2II Dodatka (popis slika)...............................................................................................................................4III Dodatka ( popis tabela)..........................................................................................................................5
1.
TELEKOMUNIKACIJSKE MREŽE....................................................................................................8
1.1 Uvod.........................................................................................................................................................81.2 Topologija mreže...................................................................................................................................151.3 Signalizacija u telekomunikacijskim mrežama......................................................................................171.4 Zaključak................................................................................................................................................18
2.INFORMACIJSKA MREŽA................................................................................................................19
2.1. Uvod u informacijske mreze ...............................................................................................................192.2. Djelotvornost komunikacije .................................................................................................................192.3. Informacijska djelotvornost procesiranja .............................................................................................242.4. Kapacitet i tokovi u mreži ....................................................................................................................272.5. Općeniti model informacijske mreže....................................................................................................292.6. Zaključak ..............................................................................................................................................31
3. IPMREŽA...............................................................................................................................................32
3.1. Uvod .....................................................................................................................................................323.1.1. Mrežna arhitektura interneta .............................................................................................................333.1.1.1. Povijesni razvoj...............................................................................................................................313.1.1.2. Arhitektura TCP/IP skupa protokola..............................................................................................343.1.1.2.1. Razina pristupamreži ..................................................................................................................353.1.1.2.2. Mrežna (internet) razina ..............................................................................................................353.1.1.2.3. Prijenosna razina .........................................................................................................................363.1.1.2.4. Korisnička razina ........................................................................................................................363.1.2. Topološka strukturainterneta.............................................................................................................373.2. Osi model..............................................................................................................................................383.2.1. Fizički sloj..........................................................................................................................................393.2.2. Sloj veze.............................................................................................................................................393.2.3. Sloj mreže..........................................................................................................................................393.2.4. Sloj prenosa........................................................................................................................................393.2.5. Sloj razgovora....................................................................................................................................393.2.6. Sloj predložbe....................................................................................................................................393.2.7. Sloj aplikacije.....................................................................................................................................403.3. RTP protokol.........................................................................................................................................413.3.1. Uvod...................................................................................................................................................413.3.2. Razvoj................................................................................................................................................413.3.3. Način rada RTPa................................................................................................................................413.3.4. RTP zaglavlje.....................................................................................................................................433.3.5. Višekorisnički pristup........................................................................................................................443.3.6. Svojstva RTPa....................................................................................................................................453.4. RTCP ....................................................................................................................................................46
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3.4.1. Uvod...................................................................................................................................................463.4.2. Način rada..........................................................................................................................................463.5. RTSP.....................................................................................................................................................473.5.1. Uvod...................................................................................................................................................473.5.2. Razvoj................................................................................................................................................473.5.3. Način rada RTSPa..............................................................................................................................473.5.4. Svpjstva RTSPa.................................................................................................................................493.6. HTTP protokol......................................................................................................................................503.7. FTP........................................................................................................................................................513.7.1. Ciljevi i mane.....................................................................................................................................513.7.2. Sigurni FTP........................................................................................................................................523.8. DHCP....................................................................................................................................................533.8.1. Karakteristike DHCPa.......................................................................................................................533.9. IPv4 i IPv6............................................................................................................................................543.9.1. Prijelaz sa IPv4 na IPv6.....................................................................................................................553.9.2. Adresiranje na IPmreži......................................................................................................................563.10.Zaključak .............................................................................................................................................57
4. PROTOKOLI TCP/IP SKUPA ...........................................................................................................58
4.1. Uvod .....................................................................................................................................................584.2. SLIP protokol za modemske komunikacije (de facto standard)...........................................................584.3. PPP (Point to Point)..............................................................................................................................594.4. IP internet protokol............................................................................................................................604.4.1. IP adrese.............................................................................................................................................604.4.2. Mrežne klase..................................................................................................................................... 604.4.3. IP adrese za privatne mreže...............................................................................................................624.4.4. IP zaglavlje ........................................................................................................................................634.4.5. Fragmentacija paketa ........................................................................................................................654.4.6. Usmjeravanje paketa..........................................................................................................................654.4.7. IP protokoli i kvalitete usluge...........................................................................................................664.5. ICMP - Internet Control Message Protocol .........................................................................................674.6. ARP - Address Resolution Protocol.....................................................................................................684.7. UDP - User Datagram Protocol............................................................................................................694.8. TCP - Transmission Control Protocol...................................................................................................714.9. NFS - Network File System Protocol..................................................................................................734.10. DNS - Domain Name System.............................................................................................................744.10.1. Organizacijadomena........................................................................................................................744.10.2. Formiranje naziva uredaja (FQDN).................................................................................................754.10.3. Rad DNSa........................................................................................................................................764.10.4. Određivanje naziva uređaja na osnovu njegove IP adrese...............................................................764.11. SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol................................................................................774.12. Korisnički račun..................................................................................................................................774.13. Adrese na Internetu.............................................................................................................................784.14. URL ....................................................................................................................................................794.15. Protokoli za razmjenu elektroničke pošte...........................................................................................794.15.1. POP3 - Post-Office Protocol............................................................................................................804.15.2.SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol...........................................................................................804.15.3. IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol.....................................................................................814.15.4. Usporedba protokola za razmjenu elektroničke pošte.....................................................................81
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