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Distributed File System

Distributed File System

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Published by: chanduoct14 on Jan 13, 2010
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04/30/2011

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B. Prabhakaran
1
Distributed File System
File system spread over multiple, autonomous computers.
A distributed file system should provide:
 Network transparency: hide the details of 
where
a file islocated.
High availability: ease of accessibility irrespective of the physical location of the file.
This objective is difficult to achieve because the distributed filesystem is vulnerable to problems in underlying networks as wellas crashes of systems that are the “file sources”.
Replication / mirroring can be used to alleviate the above problem.
However, replication/mirroring introduces additional issues suchas consistency.
 
B. Prabhakaran
2
DFS: Architecture
In general, files in a DFS can be located in “any” system. We callthe “source(s)” of files to be
 servers
and those accessing them to be
clients
.
Potentially, a server for a file can become a client for another file.
However, most distributed systems distinguish between clients andservers in more strict way:
Clients simply access files and do not have/share local files.
Even if clients have disks, they (disks) are used for swapping, caching,loading the OS, etc.
Servers are the actual sources of files.
In most cases, servers are more powerful machines (in terms of CPU, physical memory, disk bandwidth, ..)
 
B. Prabhakaran
3
DFS: Architecture …
Computer Network ServerServeServer ….ClientClient

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