Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Introduction to Experimental Psychologypt2

Introduction to Experimental Psychologypt2

Ratings: (0)|Views: 5|Likes:
Published by Earbuddy
intro to psych notes
intro to psych notes

More info:

Published by: Earbuddy on Jan 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/13/2010

pdf

text

original

 
Schools of Psychology
 Each of the above divisions (experimental, clinical, applied) can also besub-divided into a number of other branches, that we shall call“schools”. Again, these are somewhat arbitrary. Thus, manyexperimental, clinical and applied psychologists might take a so-called“cognitive” approach while others might take a more “biological”approach. Cognitive 
 
Initially began in late 19th Century (William James). Fell into disrepute.Revival in 1950s. Now, a “boom” field.
 
Study of higher “mental functions-- memory, attention, decision-making, language.
 
Attempts to infer hypothetical mental states of “informationprocessing based on current response patterns/performance. (Sub-Divisions of Cognitive Psychology) Cognitive psychology has proven to be immensely powerful andpopular (although there are major criticisms of the cognitiveapproach… see the scathing comments of behaviourists below). 
 
Cognitive Psychologyo
 
As outlined above, use measures such as performance anddecision-time to infer about hypothetical brain functions
 
Cognitive Neuroscienceo
 
A problem with the usual methods employed in Cognitive Psychologyis that the experimenter cannot directly observe the brain functionsthat are of interest. Rather they are inferred on the basis of variancein performance. Recent innovations in neuroscience provide a methodof overcoming this criticism. Modern brain imaging techniques permitthe experimenter to actually observe the changes in brain activity asthe participant is engaged in some cognitive task. Thus, if you areasked to listen to a story, particular areas of your brain will be activeand these can be observed in the brain scan. If you are asked to read astory, some of the same areas remain active but other, different onesare also activated.
 
Neural/Cognitive Modelling
o
 
Use of computers to mimic cognitive/information processing. Howmany “decisions” must the computer make to arrive at a solution to aproblem? 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->