2education the capitol city could offer, and had repeated close contacts with four differentkings of Judah.
Isaiah’s close contact with several kings, his access to the court, andgreat concern with the issue of leadership have led some to believe that he may have beenof royal family or even related to King Uzziah.
As to the authorship of the book, there is great debate. Young states that “The prophet Isaiah himself was the author of the entire book; he himself committed it all towriting and he was responsible for collecting his messages and placing them in the present book which bears his name.”
Elwell and Comfort claim that chapters 1-39 took place during Isaiah’s ministry of about 750-700 BC and chapters 40-66 were writtenduring his retirement years.
However, Goldingay examines the name of the book, whichis often called the “Book of Isaiah,” implying his authorship and agreeing with the NIVwhich correctly renders just “Isaiah,” linking him and his ministry to the work but notsuggesting his partial or complete authorship.
Watts takes it another step further and breaks down the major sections of the book into the possible authors: Chapters 1-35 toIsaiah; chapters 36-39 to an individual who used 2 Kings 17-20:19 as a resource; chapters40-55 to individuals during the Exile and restoration periods; chapters 55-66 to thereturned community in Palestine. I believe tradition, in combination to the historicalevidence we have today, is correct in giving complete authorship to Isaiah. While
Walter A. Elwell and Philip W. Comfort, eds. s.v. “
” inTyndale Bible Dictionary (Wheaton: Tyndale House Publishers, 2001), 1:642.
Paul D. Gardner, ed. s.v. “
” in New International Encyclopedia of BibleCharacters (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1995), 1:269.
Young, Chapters 1-18, 9.
Elwell, ISAIAH (Person), 642.
, New International Biblical Commentary, vol. 13(Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2001), 2.