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Reduce Your Engineering Drawing Errors: Preventing the Most Common Mistakes

Reduce Your Engineering Drawing Errors: Preventing the Most Common Mistakes

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Published by Momentum Press
Learning what the most common errors are in creating or reading engineering drawings—and then learning how to avoid them altogether—has untold benefits for all engineers, technicians and draftsmen, be they mechanical engineers, product designers, manufacturing engineers, structural engineers, machinists, or others involved the technical graphic information for component, machines and systems.

Based on a reference worked developed for engineers and technicians at Lockheed Martin.
Learning what the most common errors are in creating or reading engineering drawings—and then learning how to avoid them altogether—has untold benefits for all engineers, technicians and draftsmen, be they mechanical engineers, product designers, manufacturing engineers, structural engineers, machinists, or others involved the technical graphic information for component, machines and systems.

Based on a reference worked developed for engineers and technicians at Lockheed Martin.

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Published by: Momentum Press on Jan 14, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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07/10/2013

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v
C
ONTENTS
Chapter 1—First Step Is Done, Design Is Complete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1Chapter 2—Understand the Data that You Have Placed on the Drawing. . . . . . .5
The Most Common Error: Dimensions Originating from the Center of a Feature. . . .8Other Frequent Errors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Chapter 3—Dimensioning and Tolerancing Errors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23Chapter 4—Drawing Types: Select the Proper Drawing for Your Action . . . . .37
Drawing Statements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38Mono-detail or Multi-detail Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39Detail Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Matched Set Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41Assembly Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43Inseparable Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46Detail Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47Altered Item Drawing to Alter an Existing Item. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48Printed Wiring Board Detail Drawing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49Control Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51Vendor Item Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52Procurement Control Drawing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54Envelope Drawing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55Source Control Drawing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56Associated Lists. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .56
 
vi
EDUCE
Y
OUR 
E
 NGINEERING
D
RAWING
E
RRORS
Drawing Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58Isometric Views (Value Questionable). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Chapter 5—Electrical Reference Designations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
How Assigned. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .62Which Items Receive a Reference Designation? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63Reference Designation Starts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64Units, Sets, and Nomenclature . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66Assigning Reference Designation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69Cable Assemblies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70Marking. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70Connector, Wiring Side. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70Partial Reference Designations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
Chapter 6—Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73Chapter 7—Delivery of Your Drawings (Technical Data Package). . . . . . . . . . .75
Vendor Prints. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76Missing Drawings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77Undisclosed Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78Delivery of Digital Data and Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78
Chapter 8—The Checker: What He Will Look For . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79Chapter 9—Other Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Definition of Common Terms. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91About the Author. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
 
vii
P
REFACE
In this book, I will discuss only the most common errors that appear on engineeringdrawings and the basic usage and understanding of the most frequently used drawings.All drawings will contain errors, but if you can eliminate many of those errors before the engineering design checker or your supervisor reviews your drawing, it willgo through much easier. Your reputation is at stake! Your supervisor and the engineer-ing design checker will see everyone’s work and know their errors. They know your weak areas and who produces good work and who doesn’t. It is helpful to know whatthey look for—or should be looking for.Herein we discuss the most common errors on drawings and the most frequentlyused drawing types. The data contained on these drawings, when not done properly, issubject to interpretation instead of universally published rules. Geometric dimension-ing and tolerancing has become very complex, but it need not be. The best policy is tokeep it simple but stringent enough to build good parts. As the drawing becomes morecomplex, the probability of misinterpretation increases. Also, it can increase the cost

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