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Remembering Spain - Italian Anarchist Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War

Remembering Spain - Italian Anarchist Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War

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Published by emilbh
History, Spain, socialism, anarchism, Italian, syndicalism, fascists, libertarian communism, Umberto Marzocchi, Umberto, Marzocchi, Civil war, Revolution
History, Spain, socialism, anarchism, Italian, syndicalism, fascists, libertarian communism, Umberto Marzocchi, Umberto, Marzocchi, Civil war, Revolution

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Published by: emilbh on Jan 14, 2010
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06/12/2013

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Umberto
Marzocchi
Remembering
Spain
Italian
Anar£hist
Volunteers
in
the
Spanish
(ivil
War
Expanded second
edition
 
UmbertoMarzocchi
Rememberint!
Spain
Italian
Anarthist
l
Volunteers
in
the
j
Spanish
(ivil
War
Expanded second edition 2005
 
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arpleyLibrary,PMB 820,2425hanningWay,
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erkeley, CA 94704, USA www.katesharpleylibrary.nctA list
of
our publicationsis ava
il
a
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e from the KSL. Please contact us for moredetails.99; 07-03;08-05
British
Library
Cataloguing
in
Publication
DataMarzocchi,
Umberto
Remembering
Spain
:
Italian
anarchist
volunteers
in
the
Spanish
Civil
War.
-
Expanded2nd
ed.
-
(Anarchist
library
;
11)
1.Marzocchi,
Umberto
2.Italians
-
Spain
3.Anarchists
-
Spain
4.Spain
-
History
-
Civil
War,
1936-1939
-
Personal
narratives,
Italian
5.Spain
-
History
-
Civil
War,
1936-1939
-
Participation,
ItalianI.
Title
946'
.081'092
ISBN-10: 1873605986What
is Anarchism?Anarchism is a political theory which opposesthe
St
ate and capitalism.
It
says thatpeople with economic
pow
er(capitalists)a
nd
thosewith political power (politicians
of
all stripes left,right orcentre) usethatpowcr fortheir own benefit, and not (like they claim) for the benefit of societ
y.
Anarchismsaysthat neither exploitation nor government is natural
or
necessary,a
nd th
ata society
based
on freedom, mutual aidand equal share
of
the good things
in
lifcwould work better than this one. Anarchism is also a political movement.
An
arc
hi
ststake
part
in day-to-day struggles(against poverty, oppression
of
any kind,waretc)and also promote the idea
of
comprehensive social change.
Based
on bitter
ex
perience,they
warn
that new 'revolutionary'bosses are
no
improvement:'end
s'
and'means' (what
you
want and how youget
it
) areclosely connected.
U
ll1b
rto
Marzocchi
I
k
wus
bo
rn
in Florence on
10
October 1900. A shipyard worker
in
La Spezia, he became
1111
anarchist at a very early age and by 1917 was secretary
of
the metalworkers' unionaffi
li
ated to the USI (Italian Syndicalist Union), thanks to his youth which precluded his be
in
gmobilised for front-line service as a reprisal. During the "Red Biennium"
he
took
pmt
in the struggles alongside the renowned La Spezia anarchist,Pasquale Binazzi,the director
of
11
Libertario
newspaper. In 1920
he
was part
of
a gang
of
anarchists thata
tt
acked the La Spezia arsenal, overpowering the security guards and carrying
off
twomachine
guns
and several rifles, in the, alas disappointed, hope
of
triggering a revolutionulyup
ri in
g
in
thecity. In 1921, visiting Rome to reach an agreement with Argo
,CC
()II<i
;
If'i
,
It
,
tokovcrasorganiser
of
he
Arditi del Popolo
(People's Commandos)
in
thercgion;
thi
ll
(l
l 
'IIni
so
tonwasto g
iv
e
go
od account
of
itself during the "Sarzana incidents".
Mo
v
in
gto'uvon
o,
he
Of'Ioni
sed
th
em
ee
tingbetween Malatesta and the pro-Bolshevik: Russiananarc
hi
st
S n
n d
( )
l11ir
~ky
whoa
rri
ve
d
in
Rapallo
in
the wake
of
theC
hi
cherindelega
ti
onas
it
Pr
ess
rti
cer.
By
1922,
want
ed by
th
e
fas
cists,heleft the country, playingan activepart
inth
e activiti
es
orthe a
nur
c
hi
stex
il
es
in
Pran
ce
a
nd
Belg
iull1
.
In
1936 he was
in
Spa
in
with
th
e
It
a
li
an
'0
11111111
lInd
tll
'
I"
t
oo
k
pnrt
in th
eba
ttl
e orAlmudevar. AfterCamillo Bcme
ri
wa
1l111r
dred,h'r'
tulI1
cd
t
Fr
an
ce
wherehehu
ndl
cda
id
to Spanish refugees.After the Naziocc
llp
a
ti
11
,
he
j
in
ed
th
cMa
qlli
s
in th
e
Py
renees, part
of
a mixed unit ma
de
up
of
anarchists, socia
li
ta
nd
Frencha
ncl
Spa
ni
sh co
mmlU1i
s
ts
(Group 31, Area
5).
In
1945 after the Liberation hereturned
to
It
a
ly
wh
erehebeca
me
one
of
the most active publicists, speakers and lecturers ofthe newly formed Italian Anarchist Federation
(F
AI),which at that time was an umbrella for the whole
of
the
Italian anarchistmovement. In
1971
he was appointed secretary
of
the International
of
Anarchist Federations' Liaison Committee, a post he filled for
12
years. In 1977, by then almost eighty,
he
was arrested in Spain during
an
international anarchist gathering. He died in Savona on 4June 1986.What follows is taken from a long video-taped interview that Paolo Gobetti from theTurin-based National Film Archive
of
the Resistance made with Ugo during the '70s.

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