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Patient Drug Info

Patient Drug Info

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Published by Tracy

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Tracy on Jan 14, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/29/2014

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Name of MedicationWhat the Medication DoesReason for Medication
Decreases the clotting(coagulating) ability of the blood.Sometimes called blood thinners,although they do not actually thinthe blood. They do NOT dissolveexisting blood clots. Used to treatcertain blood vessel, heart andlung conditions.Keeps blood clots from formingby preventing blood plateletsfrom sticking together.Expands blood vessels anddecreases resistance by loweringlevels of angiotensin II. Allowsblood to flow more easily andmakes the heart's work easier or more efficient.
Anticoagulants
(Also known as Blood Thinners)Commonly prescribed include:Dalteparin (Fragmin)Danaparoid (Orgaran)Enoxaparin (Lovenox)Heparin (various)Tinzaparin (Innohep)and Warfarin (Coumadin)
Antiplatelet Agents
Commonly prescribed include:Aspirin, Ticlopidine, Clopidogreland Dipyridamole
Angiotensin-ConvertingEnzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
Commonly prescribed include:Benazepril (Lotensin)Captopril (Capoten)Enalapril (Vasotec)Fosinopril (Monopril)Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)Moexipril (Univasc)Perindopril (Aceon)Quinapril (Accupril)Ramipril (Altace) andTrandolapril (Mavik)Helps to prevent harmfulclots from forming in theblood vessels.May prevent the clots frombecoming larger and causingmore serious problems.Often prescribed to preventfirst or recurrent stroke.Helps prevent clotting in patientswho have had a heart attack,unstable angina, ischemicstrokes, TIA (transient ischemicattacks, or “little strokes”) andother forms of cardiovascular disease. Usually prescribedpreventively, when plaque buildupis evident but there is not yet alarge obstruction in the artery. Used to treat or improvesymptoms of cardiovascular conditions including high bloodpressure and heart failure.
Cardiac Medications
 
 AT-A-GLANCE 
To see an illustration of a cardiac medication from this chart, visit:
www.americanheart.org/heartattack 
  page 1of 4
© 2008 American Heart Association, Inc.
Some of the major types of commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications are summarized in this section.For your information and reference, we have included generic names as well as major trade names to help you identify what youmay be taking; however, the AHA is not recommending or endorsing any specific products. If your prescription medication isn't on this list, remember that your healthcare provider and pharmacist are your best sources of information. It's important todiscuss all of the drugs you take with your doctor and understand their desired effects and possible side effects. Never stoptaking a medication and never change your dose or frequency without first consulting your doctor.
 
Name of MedicationWhat the Medication DoesReason for Medication
To see an illustration of a cardiac medication from this chart, visit:
www.americanheart.org/heartattack 
  page 2of 4
© 2008 American Heart Association, Inc.
Some of the major types of commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications are summarized in this section.For your information and reference, we have included generic names as well as major trade names to help you identify what youmay be taking; however, the AHA is not recommending or endorsing any specific products. If your prescription medication isn't on this list, remember that your healthcare provider and pharmacist are your best sources of information. It's important todiscuss all of the drugs you take with your doctor and understand their desired effects and possible side effects. Never stoptaking a medication and never change your dose or frequency without first consulting your doctor.
Rather than loweringlevels of angiotensin II (as ACEinhibitors do) angiotensin IIreceptor blockers prevent thischemical from having anyeffects on the heart and bloodvessels. This keeps bloodpressure from rising.Decreases the heart rate andcardiac output, which lowersblood pressure and makes theheart beat more slowly and withless force.
Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (or Inhibitors)
(Also known as ARBs,Angiotensin-2 Receptor Antagonists and AT-2)Commonly prescribed include:Candesartan (Atacand)Eprosartan (Teveten)Irbesartan (Avapro)Losartan (Cozaar)Telmisartan (Micardis) andValsartan (Diovan) 
Beta Blockers
(Also known as Beta-AdrenergicBlocking Agents)Commonly prescribed include:Acebutolol (Sectral)Atenolol (Tenormin)Betaxolol (Kerlone)Bisoprolol/hydrochlorothiazide (Ziac)Bisoprolol (Zebeta)Carteolol (Cartrol)Metoprolol (Lopressor,Toprol XL)Nadolol (Corgard)Propranolol (Inderal)Sotalol (Betapace) andTimolol (Blocadren)Used to treat or improvesymptoms of cardiovascular conditions including high bloodpressure and heart failure.Used to lower blood pressure.Used with therapy for cardiacarrhythmias (abnormal heartrhythms) and in treating chestpain (angina).Used to prevent future heartattacks in patients who have hada heart attack.
Cardiac Medications
 
 AT-A-GLANCE 
 
Interrupts the movement of calcium into the cells of the heartand blood vessels. May decreasethe heart’s pumping strength andrelax blood vessels.Causes the body to rid itself of excess fluids and sodiumthrough urination. Helps torelieve the heart's workload.Also decreases the buildup of fluid in the lungs and other partsof the body, such as the anklesand legs. Different diureticsremove fluid at varied rates andthrough different methods.
Calcium Channel Blockers
(Also known as CalciumAntagonists or Calcium Blockers)Commonly prescribed include:Amlodipine (Norvasc, Lotrel)Bepridil (Vascor)Diltiazem (Cardizem, Tiazac)Felodipine (Plendil)Nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia)Nimodipine (Nimotop)Nisoldipine (Sular) andVerapamil (Calan, Isoptin, Verelan) 
Diuretics
(Also known as Water Pills)Commonly prescribed include:Amiloride (Midamor)Bumetanide (Bumex)Chlorothiazide (Diuril)Chlorthalidone (Hygroton)Furosemide (Lasix)Hydrochlorothiazide (Esidrix,Hydrodiuril)Indapamide (Lozol) andSpironolactone (Aldactone)Used to treat high bloodpressure, chest pain (angina)caused by reduced blood supplyto the heart muscle and somearrhythmias (abnormal heartrhythms).Used to help lower bloodpressure. Used to help reduceswelling (edema) from excessbuildup of fluid in the body.
 
 AT-A-GLANCE 
Name of MedicationWhat the Medication DoesReason for Medication
To see an illustration of a cardiac medication from this chart, visit:
www.americanheart.org/heartattack 
 page 3 of 4
© 2008 American Heart Association, Inc.
Some of the major types of commonly prescribed cardiovascular medications are summarized in this section.For your information and reference, we have included generic names as well as major trade names to help you identify what youmay be taking; however, the AHA is not recommending or endorsing any specific products. If your prescription medication isn't on this list, remember that your healthcare provider and pharmacist are your best sources of information. It's important todiscuss all of the drugs you take with your doctor and understand their desired effects and possible side effects. Never stoptaking a medication and never change your dose or frequency without first consulting your doctor.
 

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