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Wittenham Clumps

Wittenham Clumps

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Videotext Communications was commissioned by Channel 4 to carry out an archaeological evaluation as part of the Time Team television series at Round Hill, Wittenham Clumps, Oxfordshire (centred on National Grid Reference SU 5665 9255).
The project was designed to provide archaeological information about the area surrounding the Iron Age hill fort of Castle Hill and to supplement the results of work currently being undertaken on the hill fort jointly by the Northmoor Trust and Oxford Archaeology.
The work, which involved the use of an extensive geophysical survey supplemented by trial trenching, aimed to examine any archaeological remains on Round Hill and in the area to the south-west. Previous archaeological work in 1947 had established that a Roman building and well-preserved Iron Age deposits were present in this area.
The project was restricted in extent by woodland on Round Hill and was unable to produce evidence for any activity on the hill top. The results of the work on the lower slopes, however, were able to place the findings of 1947 in a more precise context. The geophysical survey indicated that this area contains the remains of a large open settlement, characterised by dense groups of pits. Evaluation demonstrated that these pits were of Early Iron Age date and that well-preserved, stratified remains of contemporary Early Iron Age occupation were sealed beneath plough soil derived from higher up the slope. A number of post-holes may indicate the presence of timber buildings. Small square enclosures, which also appeared to be of Early Iron Age date, were identified below the slopes of Castle Hill. The evaluation produced a small assemblage of Early Iron Age pottery with sheep/goat and cattle bones that provided evidence of husbandry and meat processing.
The work has established that there appears to be no evidence for Middle and Late Iron Age occupation and suggests that the land may have been cultivated at this time.
Videotext Communications was commissioned by Channel 4 to carry out an archaeological evaluation as part of the Time Team television series at Round Hill, Wittenham Clumps, Oxfordshire (centred on National Grid Reference SU 5665 9255).
The project was designed to provide archaeological information about the area surrounding the Iron Age hill fort of Castle Hill and to supplement the results of work currently being undertaken on the hill fort jointly by the Northmoor Trust and Oxford Archaeology.
The work, which involved the use of an extensive geophysical survey supplemented by trial trenching, aimed to examine any archaeological remains on Round Hill and in the area to the south-west. Previous archaeological work in 1947 had established that a Roman building and well-preserved Iron Age deposits were present in this area.
The project was restricted in extent by woodland on Round Hill and was unable to produce evidence for any activity on the hill top. The results of the work on the lower slopes, however, were able to place the findings of 1947 in a more precise context. The geophysical survey indicated that this area contains the remains of a large open settlement, characterised by dense groups of pits. Evaluation demonstrated that these pits were of Early Iron Age date and that well-preserved, stratified remains of contemporary Early Iron Age occupation were sealed beneath plough soil derived from higher up the slope. A number of post-holes may indicate the presence of timber buildings. Small square enclosures, which also appeared to be of Early Iron Age date, were identified below the slopes of Castle Hill. The evaluation produced a small assemblage of Early Iron Age pottery with sheep/goat and cattle bones that provided evidence of husbandry and meat processing.
The work has established that there appears to be no evidence for Middle and Late Iron Age occupation and suggests that the land may have been cultivated at this time.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Jan 14, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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10/22/2011

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Round Hill, Wittenham ClumpsOxfordshire
March 2004 
 Archaeological Evaluation and an Assessment of the ResultsRef: 52568.09
    W   e    s    s    e    x    A   r   c     h   a    e    o     l   o    g     y  
 
ROUND HILL, WITTENHAM CLUMPS,OXFORDSHIRE
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION ANDAN ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS
Document Ref. 52568.09March 2004
Prepared for:
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
© Copyright The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited 2004, all rights reserved The Trust for Wessex Archaeology Limited, Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
ROUND HILL, WITTENHAM CLUMPS,OXFORDSHIRE
AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVALUATION ANDAN ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS
Contents
Summary.................................................................................................................4Acknowledgements.................................................................................................51 BACKGROUND...........................................................................................61.1 Description of the site....................................................................................61.2 Previous archaeological work .......................................................................72 METHODS....................................................................................................82.1 Introduction....................................................................................................82.2 Aims and objectives.......................................................................................82.3 Fieldwork methods.........................................................................................93 RESULTS....................................................................................................103.1 Introduction..................................................................................................103.2 Geophysical survey......................................................................................103.3 Archaeological evaluation............................................................................113.4 Trenches 1, 2 and 3......................................................................................113.5 Trench 4.......................................................................................................123.6 Trench 5.......................................................................................................123.7 Trench 6.......................................................................................................153.8 Trenches 7, 8 and 10....................................................................................163.9 Trench 9.......................................................................................................183.10 Trench 11.....................................................................................................194 FINDS..........................................................................................................204.1 Introduction..................................................................................................204.2 Pottery..........................................................................................................204.3 Ceramic building material............................................................................224.4
Opus Signinum
, wall plaster and mortar......................................................224.5 Stone............................................................................................................224.6 Coins............................................................................................................224.7 Metalwork....................................................................................................254.8 Marine shell..................................................................................................254.9 Other finds....................................................................................................254.10 Animal bone.................................................................................................255 ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLES................................................................282

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