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Gap Analysis

Gap Analysis

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 1
e-Science Gap Analysis
30 June 2003Geoffrey Fox, Indiana University David Walker, Cardiff University
Part I: Introduction and Summary..................................................................................... 6
 
1
 
Executive Summary...................................................................................................... 6
 
2
 
Introduction................................................................................................................... 7
 
2.1
 
Charge.............................................................................................................................. 7
 
2.2
 
Process............................................................................................................................ 7
 
2.3
 
Overview of Report......................................................................................................... 7
 
2.4
 
Findings........................................................................................................................... 9
 
2.4.1
 
Projects Surveyed (sections 3 and 4).................................................................................... 9
 
2.4.2
 
Grid Technology (section 5)................................................................................................... 9
 
2.4.3
 
Grid Functions and Styles (section 6) ................................................................................. 10
 
2.4.4
 
Gaps in Grid Styles and Functionalities (section 8.1) ........................................................ 10
 
2.4.5
 
Gaps in e-Science Runtime and Hosting Environment (section 8.2)................................. 10
 
2.4.6
 
Gaps in Security (section 8.3) .............................................................................................. 10
 
2.4.7
 
Gaps in Workflow (section 8.4) ............................................................................................ 10
 
2.4.8
 
Gaps in Notification Service (section 8.5) ........................................................................... 11
 
2.4.9
 
Gaps in Meta-data and Semantic Grid (section 8.6)............................................................ 11
 
2.4.10
 
Gaps in Information Grid Technology (section 8.7)............................................................ 11
 
2.4.11
 
Gaps in Compute/File Grids (section 8.8)............................................................................ 11
 
2.4.12
 
Gaps in other Grid Technology (section 8.9) ...................................................................... 11
 
2.4.13
 
Gaps in Portals and Problem Solving Environments (section 8.10).................................. 11
 
2.4.14
 
Gaps in Grid-Network Interface (section 8.11).................................................................... 11
 
2.4.15
 
Education and Support Gaps (section 9) ............................................................................ 11
 
2.4.16
 
Research Gaps (section 10).................................................................................................. 11
 
2.4.17
 
Perception and Organizational Issues and Gaps (section 11)........................................... 11
 
2.5
 
Summary of Discussion in Sections 7, 8 and Appendix ........................................... 13
 
2.5.1
 
Topics 1-6: Grid Types to Meta-data Services .................................................................... 13
 
2.5.2
 
Topics 7 to 11: Information Grid Services to Network Services........................................ 14
 
Part II: e-Science and its Technologies.......................................................................... 15
 
3
 
e-Science..................................................................................................................... 15
 
3.1
 
Particle Physics EDG and GridPP............................................................................... 15
 
3.2
 
AstroGrid ....................................................................................................................... 15
 
3.3
 
NERC DataGrid.............................................................................................................. 16
 
3.4
 
DiscoveryNet................................................................................................................. 16
 
3.5
 
myGrid............................................................................................................................ 16
 
3.6
 
Comb-e-Chem................................................................................................................ 17
 
3.7
 
RealityGrid..................................................................................................................... 17
 
4
 
e-Business, e-Government, and e-Services ............................................................ 17
 
4.1
 
Campus Grids................................................................................................................ 18
 
4.2
 
Military and defence grids............................................................................................ 18
 
4.3
 
Capital Radio Grid......................................................................................................... 18
 
4.4
 
Bioinformatics Grids..................................................................................................... 19
 
4.5
 
Distributed Aircraft Maintenance Environment (DAME)............................................ 19
 
4.6
 
Grid Enabled Optimisation and Design Search for Engineering (Geodise) ............ 19
 
 
 2
5
 
Grid and Cyberinfrastructure Technologies............................................................ 21
 
5.1
 
Basic architecture Principles....................................................................................... 21
 
5.2
 
Meta-data Rich Web Services Communicating by Messages................................... 21
 
5.3
 
Level 1: Hosting Environments.................................................................................... 21
 
5.4
 
OGSA and Level 2: OGSI Open Grid Service Infrastructure..................................... 22
 
5.5
 
Level 3: Permeating Principle and Policies................................................................ 22
 
5.6
 
Levels 4, 5, and 6: System and Application Grid services........................................ 24
 
5.7
 
Grid Technology Suites................................................................................................ 24
 
6
 
Functionalities and Styles of Grids .......................................................................... 24
 
6.1
 
Introduction...................................................................................................................24
 
6.2
 
Compute/File Grids....................................................................................................... 26
 
6.3
 
Desktop Grids................................................................................................................ 26
 
6.4
 
Information Grids.......................................................................................................... 26
 
6.5
 
Complexity Grids .......................................................................................................... 27
 
6.6
 
Campus and Enterprise Grids ..................................................................................... 28
 
6.7
 
Grid Characteristics...................................................................................................... 28
 
7
 
Status of e-Science Service Development............................................................... 29
 
7.1
 
Types of Grid................................................................................................................. 30
 
7.2
 
Core Infrastructure and Hosting Environment........................................................... 31
 
7.3
 
Security Services.......................................................................................................... 32
 
7.4
 
Workflow Services and Programming Model............................................................. 33
 
7.5
 
Notification Services..................................................................................................... 36
 
7.6
 
Registry, Metadata and Information Services ............................................................ 37
 
7.6.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 37
 
7.6.2
 
Basic metadata including Registry...................................................................................... 38
 
7.6.3
 
Information Aggregation Web Services............................................................................... 39
 
7.6.4
 
Semantically rich Services and Ontologies......................................................................... 39
 
7.6.5
 
Provenance............................................................................................................................ 40
 
7.7
 
Information Grid Services............................................................................................ 40
 
7.8
 
Compute/File Grid Services......................................................................................... 41
 
7.8.1
 
Planning and Management................................................................................................... 41
 
7.8.2
 
Scheduling............................................................................................................................. 42
 
7.8.3
 
Access to Remote Computers.............................................................................................. 42
 
7.8.4
 
Managing Job Submission................................................................................................... 42
 
7.8.5
 
Compute/File Grid Shell: Data Transfer............................................................................... 42
 
7.8.6
 
File and Storage Access....................................................................................................... 43
 
7.8.7
 
Replica Management and Caching Technology.................................................................. 43
 
7.8.8
 
Virtual Data ............................................................................................................................ 43
 
7.8.9
 
Parallel Computing................................................................................................................ 43
 
7.8.10
 
Job Status.............................................................................................................................. 43
 
7.9
 
Other Grid Services ...................................................................................................... 43
 
7.9.1
 
Grid Shell ............................................................................................................................... 43
 
7.9.2
 
Accounting and Grid Economies......................................................................................... 43
 
7.9.3
 
Fabric Management............................................................................................................... 44
 
7.9.4
 
Visualization Datamining and Computational Steering...................................................... 44
 
7.9.5
 
Collaboration......................................................................................................................... 44
 
7.9.6
 
Packaging .............................................................................................................................. 45
 
7.9.7
 
Other Technologies............................................................................................................... 45
 
7.10
 
Portal Services and Problem Solving Environments................................................. 45
 
7.11
 
Network Services.......................................................................................................... 46
 
7.11.1
 
Network Performance, Monitoring and Information Systems............................................ 46
 
7.11.2
 
Network Services and Operations ....................................................................................... 47
 
7.11.3
 
Network Reservation............................................................................................................. 47
 
 
 3
Part III: Gap Analysis........................................................................................................ 48
 
8
 
Grid Technology Gaps............................................................................................... 48
 
8.1
 
Different Types of Grids and their Federation............................................................ 48
 
8.1.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 48
 
8.1.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 48
 
8.1.3
 
Jini.......................................................................................................................................... 49
 
8.1.3.1
 
Grid Prototypes Based on Jini.........................................................................................49
 
8.1.3.2
 
Jini in Agent-Based Grids................................................................................................49
 
8.1.4
 
JXTA....................................................................................................................................... 50
 
8.1.4.1
 
Critique of JXTA for Building Peer-to-Peer Grids............................................................50
 
8.1.4.2
 
Use of JXTA in a Grid for Capital Radio Group...............................................................51
 
8.1.4.3
 
JXTA GAT Binding for the Triana Project........................................................................51
 
8.1.5
 
.NET........................................................................................................................................ 52
 
8.1.5.1
 
Overview of .NET............................................................................................................52
 
8.1.5.2
 
Grid Middleware Based on .NET.....................................................................................52
 
8.1.6
 
Grids and Virtual Private Networks...................................................................................... 52
 
8.1.7
 
Grid Federation...................................................................................................................... 53
 
8.1.8
 
Dynamic Configuration (Autonomic Computing) ............................................................... 54
 
8.2
 
e-Science Runtime and Hosting Environment ........................................................... 55
 
8.2.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 55
 
8.2.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 56
 
8.2.3
 
Selected Snapshots of Current Activities ........................................................................... 56
 
8.2.3.1
 
Invocation Framework from IT Innovation.......................................................................56
 
8.2.3.2
 
ICENI From Imperial College..........................................................................................57
 
8.2.3.3
 
Messaging Infrastructure.................................................................................................58
 
8.2.3.4
 
Lightweight Middleware...................................................................................................58
 
8.3
 
Security Infrastructure.................................................................................................. 59
 
8.3.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 59
 
8.3.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 59
 
8.3.3
 
Current Globus and related (EDG GriPhyn Condor) Technology...................................... 60
 
8.3.4
 
Possible Future Projects ...................................................................................................... 60
 
8.3.4.1
 
Harden VOMS from EDG................................................................................................60
 
8.4
 
Workflow........................................................................................................................ 61
 
8.4.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 61
 
8.4.1.1
 
Workflow representation and composition.......................................................................61
 
8.4.1.2
 
Workflow enactment (Compilation and Execution)..........................................................62
 
8.4.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 62
 
8.4.3
 
Selected Snapshots of Current Activities ........................................................................... 62
 
8.4.3.1
 
Workflow at Southampton...............................................................................................62
 
8.4.3.2
 
Workflow at Newcastle....................................................................................................62
 
8.4.3.3
 
Workflow at Cardiff..........................................................................................................63
 
8.4.3.4
 
Workflow at IT Innovation................................................................................................63
 
8.4.4
 
Possible Future Projects ...................................................................................................... 64
 
8.4.4.1
 
Newcastle Workflow Engine............................................................................................64
 
8.5
 
Notification Service....................................................................................................... 64
 
8.5.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 64
 
8.5.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 65
 
8.5.3
 
Selected Snapshots of Current Activities ........................................................................... 65
 
8.5.3.1
 
myGrid and Wrapped JMS (Java Message Service) at Southampton.............................65
 
8.5.3.2
 
Notification Grid Service at Newcastle............................................................................65
 
8.6
 
Meta-data and Semantic Grid....................................................................................... 66
 
8.6.1
 
Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 66
 
8.6.2
 
Summary of Gaps.................................................................................................................. 66
 
8.6.3
 
Globus Specific Gaps ...........................................................................................................67
 
8.6.4
 
Selected Snapshots of Current Activities ........................................................................... 67
 
8.6.4.1
 
UDDI Evaluation............................................................................................................67
 
8.6.4.2
 
Unicore and MDS............................................................................................................68
 

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