•A subfield within the human branch of geography•The study of the interaction of geographical area andpolitical process•It is the formal study of territoriality.
•Economics supposedly eroding significanceof borders.•Ethnic minorities feel they deserve states of their own.•States under attack from above (globaleconomics) and from below (ethniccommunities).•Yet states are still powerful, and canrespond.
territory•Administered by a
by a significant portion of theinternational community.A state must also contain:
Pakistan Foreign Policy Total Lectures Lecture 1 - Ideology of Pakistan Ideology of Pakistan Ideology is a set of beliefs, values and ideals of a group and a nation. It is deeply ingrained in the social consciousness of the people. It is a set of principles, a framework of action and guidance system that gives order and meaning to life and h