Project report section 1
computer aided learning research 1
Computer aided learning
by Christian Gittings
Cal/multimedia software is used in lots of areas in education the question is do theywork over traditional approaches to teaching and do they have pros and cons in theiruse, and if they do work where Can they be used.
This part of the report sets out to introduce the concept of computer aided learning, inthe terms of what is computer aided learning, when was computer aided learningstarted, what do people do with it.This report also sets out the disadvantages and advantages of using such a system.
In ―How will Computer Aided Learning Develop‖ by Amirhassan
―CAL’s history began in the early 60’s, when the third generation of digital
computers were built and introduced. These systems were cheaper andmore reliable than the earlier models. So digital computers becametypical facilities in universities and research centres. Consequently,researchers started to find new fields of applications for the computersand CAL was one of those. Certainly at the beginning, like othertechnological productions, CAL systems, which are a combination ofcomputer hardware, added special purpose peripherals, and CAL software,had only scientific and academic applications, and were experimental. Atthat time, before other specialists, psychologists used the computer asan ideal tool for conveying programmed instructions. This branch of CALwas called Computer assisted instruction, CAI. (Hooper ,1975)In 1969, as Frye listed (1969), about 20 various CAL systems hadbeen developed in universities and research centres. Obviously these werethe first steps and were concentrated on academic goals and had a widerange from a computer based science testing system (Hensen, 1969) to oneof the earliest distributed and remote educating systems that wasdeveloped in Harvard university. (Lawrence, 1969) Again a computerized
spelling drills system. (Fishman et al ,1969)‖
One of The first computer based learning package was called
PLATO named after a Greek philosopher.
Plato was first developed as early as 1960's and was produced