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Computer Aided Learning

Computer Aided Learning

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Published by christian gittings

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Published by: christian gittings on Jan 15, 2010
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07/21/2013

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Project report section 1
 –
computer aided learning research 1
Computer aided learning
 
by Christian Gittings
 
Abstract
Cal/multimedia software is used in lots of areas in education the question is do theywork over traditional approaches to teaching and do they have pros and cons in theiruse, and if they do work where Can they be used.
1 Introduction
This part of the report sets out to introduce the concept of computer aided learning, inthe terms of what is computer aided learning, when was computer aided learningstarted, what do people do with it.This report also sets out the disadvantages and advantages of using such a system.
2 History
In ―How will Computer Aided Learning Develop‖ by Amirhassan
Monadjemi et alfound atwww.cs.bris.ac.uk/~monadjem/cal11.pdfthe author describes the history ofcal systems as the following
―CAL’s history began in the early 60’s, when the third generation of digital
computers were built and introduced. These systems were cheaper andmore reliable than the earlier models. So digital computers becametypical facilities in universities and research centres. Consequently,researchers started to find new fields of applications for the computersand CAL was one of those. Certainly at the beginning, like othertechnological productions, CAL systems, which are a combination ofcomputer hardware, added special purpose peripherals, and CAL software,had only scientific and academic applications, and were experimental. Atthat time, before other specialists, psychologists used the computer asan ideal tool for conveying programmed instructions. This branch of CALwas called Computer assisted instruction, CAI. (Hooper ,1975)In 1969, as Frye listed (1969), about 20 various CAL systems hadbeen developed in universities and research centres. Obviously these werethe first steps and were concentrated on academic goals and had a widerange from a computer based science testing system (Hensen, 1969) to oneof the earliest distributed and remote educating systems that wasdeveloped in Harvard university. (Lawrence, 1969) Again a computerized
spelling drills system. (Fishman et al ,1969)‖
One of The first computer based learning package was called
PLATO named after a Greek philosopher.
Plato was first developed as early as 1960's and was produced
 
Project report section 1
 –
computer aided learning research 2
by the Urbana campus of the University of Illinois and later took over by theControlData Corporation(CDC) which later went bust.The idea of Plato came from Professor Don Bitzer who founded the Computer-basedEducation Research Laboratory (CERL) after he become interested in the idea ofproducing a computer based learning environment.Plato can be seen as the first online community, with email and chat rooms longbefore the idea of the World Wide Web,
In a report called ―PLATO: The Emergence of Online Community‖ the author  
DavidR. Woolleystates the follow about Plato, this can be found athttp://thinkofit.com/plato/dwplato.htm
“Two decades before the World Wide Web came on the scene, the PLATO
system pioneered online forums and message boards, email, chat rooms,instant messaging, remote screen sharing, and multiplayer games, leading to the emergence of what was perhaps the world's first online community.
PLATO is a timesharing system. (It was, in fact, one of the first timesharingsystems to be operated in public.) Both courseware authors and theirstudents use the same high-resolution graphics display terminals, which areconnected to a central mainframe. A special-purpose programming languagecalled TUTOR is used to write educational software.Throughout the 1960's, PLATO remained a small system, supporting only asingle classroom of terminals. About 1972, PLATO began a transition to anew generation of mainframes that would eventually support up to one
thousand users simultaneously‖.
 Below are some of the screen shoots of the
Atari 
version of the system taken from a
report called ―PLATO RISING‖ by d
avid & sandy small which can be found athttp://www.atarimagazines.com/v3n3/platorising.htmlThis illustration of a graphing equasion is taken from PLATO's "Rose" (=0rose=)program.
 
Project report section 1
 –
computer aided learning research 3
―Another sample of a graphing equasion, this screen shot illustrates the user's abilityto alter background color and luminosity. ―
 
―PLATO's personal note (email) program allows you to send notes to other (linked)computers. ―
 
―In "Eyeq" (=0eyeq=), graphics and animation are used to reveal the eye's anatomy.―;
-In 1978 the Plato system had the following:-Touch sensitive screenHigh resolution graphicsDedicated keyboardPrint graphics1200 modem

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