A. FOOD AND NUTRITIONLECTURE INUTRITION
Is the science of food, the nutrients, and the substances they contain, their action, interaction,and balance in relation to health and disease. (Council of the American Medical Association).
Practical application of the principles of nutrition which includes planning of meals for thehealthy as well as the sick.
Products derived from plants or animals that can be taken into the body to yield energy andnutrients for the maintenance of life and the growth and repair of tissues.
2 Main Sources of Foods:
1. Plants: grains, pulses, fruits, vegetables, tubers, nuts , oilseeds and seaweeds.2. Animals: meat and entrails, milk, poultry, eggs, fish, and shellfish.***Manufactured food, also convenience food are products of either of the two or a combination of them.
Types of Foods:
a.Grains & cereals –rice, corn, wheat, sorghum, barley, oats, rye, millet. b.Fruits1.Tropical –pineapple, mango, papaya, banana.2.Sub-tropical –citrus, olives, figs.3.Deciduous –grapes, apple, and pears.4.Berries –strawberries, blueberries.5.Stone – apricot and peach.c. Vegetables1. Fruits –cucumber, tomatoes.2. Leaf and stem –cabbage, celery, swamp cabbage or kangkong, pechay.3. Seeds –green peas, mongo, green beans.4. Root –carrot, radish.5. Flowers –cauliflowers, broccoli, squash flowers.d. Tubers –sweet potatoes, cassava, yam, potatoes.e. Nuts –pili nut, pistachio, cashew, almond.f. Oilseeds –coconut oil, soybean oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, olive oil.g. Seaweed – agar, carrageenan.h. Pulses –beans, peas, and lentils.i. Meat and entrails –beef, veal, pork, mutton, goat, rabbit, venison, seal, whale, and their internalorgans. j. Milk –cow’s, carabao’s, goat’s, sheep’s, camel’s.k. Poultry – chicken, turkey, ducks, geese, quail.l. Eggs –chicken, duck, turtle.m. Fish –(including roe, liver): milkfish or bangus, sardine, tuna, mackerel, cod, catfish, shark, tilapia.n. Shellfish1. Crustaceans – crab, lobster, shrimp, prawns.2. Mollusks – clams, oysters, snail, octopus , squids.
Chemical substances present in food and is used in the body for one or more of the followingfunctions:1.to provide energy2.to build and repair tissues3.to regulate life processes1