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And Tech Entrepreneurship

And Tech Entrepreneurship

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Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1127248
ducatio
and Tech Entrepreneurship
May 2008
Vivek WadhwaRichard FreemanBen Rissing
 
Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1127248
 
Education and Tech Entrepreneurship
May 2008
 Vivek Wadhwa
Executive in Residence/Adjunct Professor, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke UniversityWertheim Fellow, Labor and Worklife Program, Harvard Law SchoolFellow, Social Sciences Research Institute, Duke University
Richard Freeman
Herbert Asherman Chair in Economics, Harvard UniversityDirector, Labor and Worklife Program, Harvard Law SchoolDirector, Labor Studies Program, National Bureau of Economic Research
Ben Rissing
Wertheim Fellow, Labor and Worklife Program, Harvard Law SchoolResearch Scholar, Pratt School of Engineering, Duke University
Student Research Team
Project Leaders:Baris GuzelMolly HouseResearchers:Poulomi DoshiMark MarexTim McLaughlinHope LuVarun VargheseDeepak Vedanthan
©2008 by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation. All rights reserved.
 
Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1127248
EDUCATION AND TECH ENTREPRENEURSHIP1
Table of Contents
Introduction and Summary...................................................................................................................2
Our Findings............................................................................................................................2
Methodology...........................................................................................................................................3Definitions...............................................................................................................................................4
Engineering and Technology Startups........................................................................................4U.S.-Born Tech Founders..........................................................................................................4
Educational Attainment of U.S.-Born Tech Founders.........................................................................4
Terminal (Highest) Degree Completed......................................................................................4Figure 1: Terminal Degree Completed by U.S.-Born Tech Founders....................................4Fields of Education...................................................................................................................4Figure 2: Fields of Terminal Degrees Completed by U.S.-Born Tech Founders.....................4
 Age and Tech Entrepreneurship............................................................................................................5
Figure 3: U.S.-Born Tech Founders’ Age at Time of Company Founding..............................5Figure 4: Time Lag Between Completion of Terminal Degree and Company Founding........5Figure 5: Time Lag Between Completion of Terminal Degreeand Company Founding by Field of Study.....................................................................6Figure 6: U.S. Tech Founder Age at the Time of Startup Establishmentand Terminal Degree.....................................................................................................6
Universities and Tech Entrepreneurship...............................................................................................6
Top Ten Universities Graduating U.S.-Born Key Tech Founders.................................................6Table 1: Schools/Universities Awarding U.S.-Born Tech Founders’ Terminal Degrees..........7Ivy-League Universities and Entrepreneurship..........................................................................7Table 2: Over-Representation by U.S.-Born Tech Founders with TerminalDegrees Awarded from Ivy-League Universities............................................................7
U.S.-Born Founder Education and Startup Success............................................................................8
Figure 7: Average 2005 Sales and Employee Count Comparison.........................................8
University/Location of Startup..............................................................................................................8
Figure 8: Percentage of U.S. Tech Founders Who Established a Startupin the Same State in Which They Received a Degree....................................................8
Summary of Findings and Conclusions................................................................................................9 Author Biographies.................................................................................................................................9 Appendix A:Engineering and Technology SIC Codes......................................................................10Bibliography..........................................................................................................................................12

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