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Field Instrumentation Technical Handbook

Field Instrumentation Technical Handbook

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Published by mujeebatta

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Published by: mujeebatta on Jan 15, 2010
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08/01/2013

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Technical Handbook
Worldwide Level and Flow Solutions
SM
 ® 
 
Table of Contents
Conversions
Metric Values................................................................................1Metric Prefixes..............................................................................1Temperature.................................................................................2Flow Rate.....................................................................................3Miscellaneous...............................................................................5
Equivalents
Liquid Measures and Weights....................................................12Kinematic Viscosity ....................................................................12Absolute Viscosity......................................................................13Electrical Units............................................................................13Degrees API and Degrees Baumé.............................................14Kinematic and Saybolt Viscosity................................................15Pressure and Head....................................................................16
Properties
Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Liquids ......................17Density and Specific Gravity of Selected Gases .......................18Density and Specific Gravity of Saturated Water.......................19Density of Superheated Steam and Compressed Water...........20Specific Gravity of Petroleum Products .....................................21Density of Air..............................................................................22Speed of Sound .........................................................................22Dielectric Constants of Liquids...................................................23Dielectric Constants of Solids ....................................................29Viscosity of Gases and Vapors ..................................................30Viscosity of Water and Steam....................................................31Viscosity of Various Liquids........................................................31Viscosity of Petroleum Products ................................................32
Pipe Data
Dimensions of Blind Flanges......................................................33Flange Ratings by Class............................................................35Cast Iron Pipe ............................................................................38Steel Pipe...................................................................................39
This TechnicalHandbook is theresult of a combinedeffort by theEngineering, Sales,and MarketingDepartments.
All reasonable efforts havebeen made to accuratelycompile the informationcontained in this handbook.However, no warranty is madewith regard to any suchinformation, and Magnetrolcannot assume responsibilityfor any possible errors or anydirect or indirect result of theuse of such information.
 
Conversions: Metric Prefixes
atto. . . . . . . . . . . . . a . . . . . . . one-quintillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 000 000 001..............................10
 –18
femto . . . . . . . . . . . f. . . . . . . . one-quadrillionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 000 001......................................10
 –15
pico . . . . . . . . . . . . p . . . . . . . one-trillionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 000 001 ..............................................10
 –12
nano. . . . . . . . . . . . n . . . . . . . one-billionth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 000 001.......................................................10
 –9
micro . . . . . . . . . . . µ . . . . . . . one-millionth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.000 001...............................................................10
 –6
milli. . . . . . . . . . . . . m. . . . . . . one-thousandth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.001.......................................................................10
 –3
centi. . . . . . . . . . . . c . . . . . . . one-hundredth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.01.........................................................................10
 –2
deci . . . . . . . . . . . . d . . . . . . . one-tenth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0.1...........................................................................10
 –1
uni. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . one . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0...........................................................................10
0
deka. . . . . . . . . . . . da . . . . . . ten . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10.0...........................................................................10
1
hecto . . . . . . . . . . . h . . . . . . . one hundred. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100.0...........................................................................10
2
kilo . . . . . . . . . . . . . k . . . . . . . one thousand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000.0...........................................................................10
3
mega . . . . . . . . . . . M. . . . . . . one million . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000.0...........................................................................10
6
giga . . . . . . . . . . . . G. . . . . . . one billion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000.0...........................................................................10
9
tera. . . . . . . . . . . . . T . . . . . . . one trillion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 000 000 000 000.0...........................................................................10
12
The table below provides a fast and easy means ofconversion from one metric notation to another. The valuelabeled “Unit” represents a basic unit of measurement, suchas meter, gram, ohm, erg, etc. First, locate the original valuein the left-hand column. Follow the row horizontally to thevertical column headed by the prefix of the desired value. Thearrow and figure at this intersection represent the direction inwhich the decimal point should be moved and the number ofplaces to move it.
Example:
Convert 0.15 kilowatts to watts. Starting at the“Kilo-” box in the left-hand column, move horizontally to thecolumn headed by “Unit” (since watt is a basic unit ofmeasurement), and read 3 . Thus 0.15 kilowatts is theequivalent of 150 watts.
Example:
Convert 4,500 kilohertz to megahertz, read in thebox horizontal to “Kilo-” and under “Mega-” the notation3, which means a shift of the decimal point three placesto the left. Thus, 4,500 kilohertz is the equivalent of 4.5megahertz.
OriginalValueDesired ValueTera-Giga-Mega-Myria-Kilo-Hecto-Deka-UnitDeci-Centi-Milli-Micro-Nano-Pico-Tera-Giga-Mega-Myria-Kilo-Hecto-Deka-UnitDeci-Centi-Milli-Micro-Nano-Pico-
368910111213141518212435678910111215182123456789121518123456710131612345691215123458111412347101312369121258111471036936 33 638529631107421118532112964321131075432114118654321151297654321181512109876543211815131211109876324211816151413121110963
Conversions: Metric Values
1

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