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Diabetes Mellitus 2

Diabetes Mellitus 2

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Published by: ien on Jan 15, 2010
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10/13/2014

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Holy Angel UniversityCollege of NursingAngeles CityIn Partial Fulfillment of Requirements in NCM104-RLE
Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
A CASE STUDYGroup 3/ Subgroup 2N-405
 
I.INTRODUCTION1.Description
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high bloodsugar (glucose) levels that result from defects in insulin secretion, or action, or both. In patients with diabetes, the absence or insufficient production of insulin causeshyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, meaning that although it can becontrolled, it lasts a lifetime.Diabetes mellitus type 2 or type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependentdiabetes mellitus(NIDDM), or adult-onset diabetes) is adisorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistanceand relative insulin deficiency.Over time, diabetes can lead to blindness, kidney failure,and nerve damage. These types of damage are the result of damage to small vessels, referred to asmicrovascular disease. Diabetes is also an important factor in accelerating the hardeningand narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis), leading tostrokes,coronary heart disease, and other large blood vessel diseases.There are an estimated 23.6 million people in the U.S. (7.8% of the population)with diabetes with 17.9 million being diagnosed, 90% of whom are type 2. With prevalence rates doubling between 1990 and 2005,CDChas characterized the increase asanepidemic.
WorldPrevalence of diabetes worldwide
 
2000 2030
World 171,000,000 366,000,000Philippines 2,770,000 7,798,000
 
Chan-Cua said the Philippines is still low on this score compared withother countries, especially Scandinavian nations like Finland, Sweden, and Norway, butwe are also seeing an increase every year. Moreover, mathematical modeling on projection yields that 380 million people are expected to develop diabetes by 2025 basedon International Diabetes Federation/World Health Organization data, a good percentagewill be coming from Southeast Asian countries, including the Philippines. This findingis no longer astonishing considering the latest statistics on Filipinos afflicted withdiabetes and hypertension which continues to increase on the scale of medical records.This goes to show that statistics on Diabetes Mellitus in the Philippines continues to beunfavorable to the general population because of the continuous rise in the number of Filipinos developing diabetes every year which adds to the number of people whocannot enjoy life and are becoming less productive due to this disease.
Objectives
The researches have the following objectives in this case study:
Described and explained Diabetes Mellitus together with the risk factorscontributing to the occurrence of the condition.
Reviewed the anatomy and physiology of the organs involved.
Interpreted the results in the laboratory and diagnostic procedures donewith the patient including their purposes, and specific nursingresponsibilities before, during and after the procedure.
Enumerated the different medications administered for the condition, their indications and specific nursing responsibilities.
Formulated significant nursing diagnoses, with their significantly relatednursing care plans.

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