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Formule de Calcul Pres Curt At

Formule de Calcul Pres Curt At

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Published by: Valentino on Jan 15, 2010
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12/01/2013

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CLASA a VIII-a
Profesor V Corcalciuc Scoala nr. 146 I G DucaBucuresti
FORMULE DE CALCUL PRESCURTAT
 
1. PATRATUL SUMEI A DOI TERMENI(BINOMUL LA PATRAT
)
222
2)(
bababa
++=+
222
2)(
bababa
+=
 Demonstratie
222
2))((
bababbaabaababa
++=+++=++
222
2))((
bababbaabaababa
+=+=
 Aplicatii.
1.
 Sa se demonstreze ca
32
+
este un numar irational 
.
 
 Presupunem prin reducere la absurd ca ( 
+
)32
Q
QQQQQ
++++
6626253622)32(
2
 Am ajuns la absurd, deci numarul este irational.
2.
 Sa se compare numerele x=
53
+
 si y=
17
+
 Deoarece x si y sunt pozitive, putem sa comparam patratele lor: x
152851523)53(
22
+=++=+=
 y
7281727)17(
22
+=++=+=
 Deoarece x
y x y
22
2. PATRATUL SUMEI A TREI TERMENI(TRINOMUL LA PATRAT)
)(
cba
++
)(2
2222
cabcabcba
+++++=
Demonstratia se face la fel ca si la binomul la patrat.
3. PRODUSUL SUMEI CU DIFERENTA
 
=+
))((
baba
22
ba
 Aplicatie.
Sa se demonstreze ca daca
0,
 y x
atunci
22
 y x y x
 y x y x y x y x y x y x
+
00))((0
2222
4. CUBUL SUMEI A DOI TERMENI
( )
3223 3
33
babbaaba
+++=+
Formula se mai poate scrie si astfel:
( ) ( )
333
3
bbaababa
+++=+
( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( )
3223 32222322 23
33222
babbaa babbaabbaababababababa
+++= =+++++=+++=++=+
Lafel se poate scrie:
 
 
( )
3223 3
33
babbaaba
+=
Demonstratia se face ca la formula precedenta
5. DIFERENTA A DOUA CUBURI
( )
( )
2233
babababa
++=
6. SUMA A DOUA CUBURI
( )
( )
2233
babababa
++=+
 Exercitii 
1.
 Sa se demonstreze ca
034106
22
++++
y y x x
2222
)5()3(251096
+++=+++++
y x y y x x
 Avand o suma de 2 numere pozitive expresia este mai mare decat 0.
2.
 Sa se afle minimul expresiei 
)8102
2
++
x x
292524425)4255(2)45(28102
2222
     +=+++=++=++
x x x x x x x
Minimul expresiei se obtine cand 
2
25
     +
 x
este minima, adica 0. Rezulta ca minimul este -
29
3.Sa se afle maximul expresiei: -
132
2
++
x x
257)16(257)25632(25725632
222
+=++=++
x x x x x
 
Maximul seobtine pentru minimul expresiei cu semnul -, adica pentru
0)16(
2
=
 x
. Deci maximul este 257 

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