Binomial Distribution Exercisesand Solutions
For any questions: Alp Eren AKYÜZ –email@example.comNOTE: The purpose of these exercises is to make you familiar with the BinomialDistribution questions. When reading the question part,try to spot the clues that willreveal you the type of the question.
Malaria is an important problem in many African countries. You havereceived a report on a small townnamed as ‘Pala’, which states the population as 10,000. Themedical staff estimated that,in the region, 4% of the population suffers from the disease. Ifthe probability of survivingmalaria is 95%, what is the probability of exactly 5peopledyingin Pala?
Answer to Q1:
First determine the type of the question.Determine the type of the random variable
Number of people is found by
, therefore it is a discrete variable.
We are also asked the probability X being
a number. This also points to adiscrete probability distribution question.Check for the parameters given, we have:
Probability of survival:0.95
Ratio of peoplewith malaria: 0.04(Relevant?Yes; but indirectly)This is clearly a binomial distribution question. Now follow the steps below to arrive at thesolution:i.Define success:This is revealed at the last sentence: “...the probability of 5peopledying...”. So, surviving is the succesful outcome.ii.Determine the probability of success in a single observation:probability of survivingis 0.95, then probability of death(success) is 0.05iii.Determine the relevant population(the number of trials)
if it is not already given
inthe question:Now, here is the tricky part: The probability of success only applies to theinfected population. Staff estimates that 4% of the population has the disease so thenumber of infected should be 400 and the number of healthy should be 9,600.