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Summary of Key Formulas

Summary of Key Formulas

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03/13/2014

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Summary of Key Formulas
Applications of Algebra
BasePortion =Rate
(1-1)
( )
factorsweightingoSum Valuefactor WeightingoSum averageWeighted
×=
100%
×=
ii f
c
(2-1)
100% gainCapital Income  returntotaloRate  100% gainCapital yieldgainCapital 100% Income yieldIncome
×+=×=×=
iii
(2-2)
f
=
i
1
c
1
 
1
c
2
1
c
3
1
c
n
(2-3)
Mathematics of MerchandisingCost-Volume-ProfitAnalysis
N = L
(1
– d)
(4-1)
CM = S – VC
( ) ( ) ( )
321
111
L N
=
(4-2)
100%
×=
CCR
S = C + M
(4-3)
NI = (CM)X – FC
(5-2)
M = E + P
(4-4)
TR =
(
)
X S = C + E + P
(4-5)
TC =
(
VC
)
X + FC
(5-3)Gross profit margin
100%
×=
NI =
(
S – VC
)
X - FC
Rate of markup
100%
×=
Rate of markdown
100%
×=
D
Simple Interest
I = Prt
(6-1)
S = P(1+rt)
(6-2)

(5-1)

Compound Interest
Single Payment:
m ji
=
(8-1)
n
=
m

×
(Number of years in the term)(8-3)
( )
n
i P F
+=
1
and
( )
PV FV i
n
= +
1
(8-2)
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
n
iiii PV  FV
++++=
1111
321
(8-4)
11
1
     ==
nn
P F P Fi
(9-1)
( )( )
i P Fn
+1lnln
=
(9-2)
f
=
1
i
m
1
(9-3)
( )
11
21
/12
+=
mm
ii
(9-4)
Annuities:
( )
+=
ii PM FV
n
11
(10-1)
( )
+=
ii PM PV
n
11
(10-2)
( )
i PMT  Fin
+     ×+
1ln1ln =
(10-1n)
( )
i PM PV  in
+     ×
1ln1ln =
(10-2n)
( )
11
2
+=
c
ii
(9-4c)
year  per  paymentso Number  year  per gscompoundino Number
=
c
(10-3)
i PMT = P

(12-1)
( )( )( )
iii PMT  F
n
+×+=
111due
(13-1)
( )( )( )
iii PM PV
n
+×+=
111due
(13-2)
( )( )
ii PMT  Fin
++×+
1ln1(due)1ln=
(13-1n)
( )( )
ii PM PV  in
++×
1ln1(due)1ln=
(13-2n)
( ) ( )
FV PMi i
n n
=+ +
1 1
(12-2)
()()
PV PM g ii
n n
=+ +
1 1 1
(12-3)
Bonds: