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Stress ribbon and cable supported pedestrian bridges - Prof. Ing. Jiří Stráský

Stress ribbon and cable supported pedestrian bridges - Prof. Ing. Jiří Stráský

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Published by tyukgomba
This paper is dealing with the structural behaviour of the stress ribbon bridges. It gives a general view about the critical points of these structures, it's a very good introduction to gain experience about these special bridges.
This paper is dealing with the structural behaviour of the stress ribbon bridges. It gives a general view about the critical points of these structures, it's a very good introduction to gain experience about these special bridges.

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Published by: tyukgomba on Jan 16, 2010
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04/26/2013

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 Akademie v
ě
d
Č
eské republikyTeze doktorské diserta
č
ní prácek získání v
ě
deckého titulu "doktor v
ě
d"ve skupin
ě
technických v
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d
STRESS RIBBON AND CABLE SUPPORTEDPEDESTRIAN BRIDGES
Komise pro obhajoby doktorských disertací v oboru mechanika t
ě
les,konstrukcí, mechanism
ů
a prost
ř 
edíProf. Ing. Ji
ř 
í Stráský, CSc.Vysoké u
č
ení technické v Brn
ě
, Fakulta stavební, Ústav betonových a zd
ě
ných konstrukcíBrno, únor 2006 
 
 CONTENTS
1 INTRODUCTION.........................................................................................................................32 STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS..........................................................................................................43 CABLE ANALYSIS...................................................................................................................114 STRESS RIBBON STRUCTURES............................................................................................154.1 Structural arrangement.......................................................................................................154.2 Static function....................................................................................................................184.3 Static Analysis....................................................................................................................204.4 Dynamic analysis...............................................................................................................244.5 Example of the analysis.....................................................................................................254.6 Stress ribbon supported by arch.........................................................................................264.7 Static and dynamic loading tests........................................................................................285 SUSPENSION STRUCTURES..................................................................................................295.1 Structural arrangement.......................................................................................................295.2 Static and dynamic analysis...............................................................................................305.3 Example of the analysis.....................................................................................................326 CABLE STAYED STRUCTURES............................................................................................336.1 Structural arrangement.......................................................................................................336.2 Static Analysis....................................................................................................................336.3 Redistribution of stresses...................................................................................................356.4 Restricting of the horizontal movement.............................................................................387 CONCLUSIONS.........................................................................................................................39REFERENCES.................................................................................................................................39
 
 
3
1 INTRODUCTION
'What would be the best bridge? Well, the one which could be reduced to a thread, a line, without anything left over; which fulfilled strictly its function of uniting two separated distances.'  Pablo PicassoStress-ribbon bridge
is the term that has been coined to describe structures formed by directlywalked prestressed concrete deck with the shape of a catenary [18],[23],[28]. The bearing structureconsists of slightly sagging tensioned cables, bedded in a concrete slab that is very thin comparedwith the span. This slab serves as a deck, but apart from the distributing the load locally and preserving the continuity, it has no other function. It is a kind of suspension structure where thecables are tensioned so tightly that the traffic can be placed directly on the concrete slabembedding the cables. Compared with other structural types the structure is extremely simple. Onthe other hand, the force in the cables is very large making the anchoring of the cable expensive.From Fig.1.1 it is evident that the stress ribbon structure represents the simplest structural form.Such structures can be either cast in-situ or formed of precast units. In the case of precaststructures, the deck is assembled from precast segments that are suspended on bearing cables andshifted along them to their final position. Prestressing is applied after casting the joints betweenthe segments to ensure sufficient rigidity of the structures.In the course of time people have realized that the decks can be suspend on the cables of larger sagand in this way it is possible to reduce tensions in the cables. The first suspension structures hadflexible decks that were in some cases stiffened by a net of additional cables. It was J. Finley [5],who first identified the major components of suspension bridges: a system comprising main cablesfrom which a deck braced by trusses was hung.The problem of vibration and even overturning of light pedestrian suspension structures due towind load was well documented [13]. However, the failure of the Tacoma Bridge has drawn theattention of engineers to the aerodynamics stability of suspension structures [15]. Therefore newsuspension structures have a deck formed by an open stiffened steel truss of sufficient torsionaland bending stiffness [4] or use a streamlined steel box girder [12].Another approach to providing stiffness is to construct a slender concrete deck and stiffen thestructure by a system of inclined suspenders [16]. This approach has been successfully developedand erected from designs by Professor J. Schlaich. Slenderizing the deck could be combined withtechniques often used to stabilize utility bridges. In such cases, the concrete deck is stiffened bythe post-tensioning of external cables with an opposite curvature to that of the main suspensioncables. Similar effects can be achieved by eliminating the longitudinal movement of the deck. Thecombination of the stiffening of the deck by external cables situated within the deck andFig.1.1 – Redding Pedestrian Bridge Fig.1.2Vranov Lake Pedestrian Bridge

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