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Arabic Vowels

Arabic Vowels

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Published by: Mualimaa on Jan 16, 2010
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10/02/2010

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Vowel-Marks
In Arabic vowels are not a part of the Arabic alphabet,the shortvowels marks which are calledharakaat (
اكرحت 
) in Arabic as used ina similar to the a, e, i, o or u vowelsin English but instead they aresymbols put below or above letters.
ةحف /
FATHA
 
Short Vowel “A”
 
 The Fatha is the shortdiagonal stroke above the letter
Example:
 
 لْا ح َ ل د ُ م ْّه ِ رَب  لا ع َْ  لَ م ِن َ ي 
)1:2
)
ةمض/
DAMMAH
 
Short Vowel “O” or “U”
 The Dammah isthe small
 
و 
above the letter.
Example
:
 م ْ ح َ لْاد ُب رَه ِ  ّ لن َ يم ِ لَع َ لْا
)1:2)
رسك 
/
KASRAH
Short Vowel “I” or “E”
 
 The Kasrah is theshort diagonal stroke below the letter
 
Example:
 
ا  ّ ل د ُ م ْ ح َ لْه ِب رَ  لَع َ لْا م ِن َ ي 
)1:2)
Double-vowels are similar to theshort vowel above but with anaddition “n” sound in the end. Wehave: damataan, kasrataan, andfathataan.
FATHATAIN
د ً
Double FATHA forms a 'in' soundTheFathaan is the double short diagonalstroke above the letter.
Example:
 ُ سَح َ ُفَ و ْ  َ َ   َ ِ    ِ َً  ً ي ا
)84:8)
DAMMATAAN
د ٌ
 The dammataan forms a 'un' sound itlooks like a double small waww writtenabove the letter.
Example:
  ْ ََد ِ يجِِ ٌن د ٍ  َ 
)111:5
)
KASRATAAN
 
د ٍ
 The Kasrataan forms a 'in' sound it isthe double short diagonal stroke belowthe letter.
Example:
  َن ْ ِَ َ ْِا ق َ  َ خََق ٍ 
)96:2

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