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Alzaytoonah University of Jordan

Alzaytoonah University of Jordan

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Published by: cheerfuljoody on Jan 16, 2010
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10/15/2014

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Alzaytoonah university ofJordanPhysiology 2Thyroid function test-Supervised by:Dr Mustafa Abu aemer-
Done by:Huda alrefaeeMajd ahmadLaila burhanEman
 
 Definition
-Thyroid gland: butterfly shaped endocrine gland that is normally locatedin the lower front of the neck.- Thyroid hormone is secreted into the blood and then carried to everytissue in the body.- Thyroid hormone is essential to help each cell in each tissue and organto work.- for example: thyroid hormone helps the body use energy stay warm andkeep the brain, heart, muscles and other organs working as they should
.
Function:
-The major thyroid hormone is secreted by the thyroid glandis thyroxin also called T4 because it contains four iodine atoms.-T4 is converted to triodothyronine(T3) by the removal of aniodine atoms, this occurs in liver.-The amount of T4 produced by the thyroid gland iscontrolled by another hormone which is made in the pituitary glandcalled thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH).-The amount TSH that pituitary sends into the blood depend on theamount of T4
-
If the pituitary sees very little T4 then it produce more TSH to tellthe thyroid gland to produce more T4 in blood goes above a certain
 
level the pituitary production of TSH is shut off.
What Is Thyroid Disease? 
Thyroid disease occurs when the thyroid gland doesn't supplythe proper amount of hormones needed by the body. If thethyroid is overactive, it releases too much thyroid hormoneinto the bloodstream, resulting in
hyperthyroidism
. ("Hyper" isfrom the Greek, meaning "over" or "above.") Hyperthyroidismcauses the body to use up energy more quickly than it should,and chemical activity (like metabolism) in the cells speeds up.An underactive thyroid produces too little thyroid hormone,resulting in
hypothyroidism
. ("Hypo" means "under" or "below.")When the amount of hormone released into the bloodstream is

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