Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
87Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Aab e Hayat - History of Urdu Literature

Aab e Hayat - History of Urdu Literature

Ratings:

4.5

(2)
|Views: 12,608|Likes:
Published by Javed Hussen
Aab-e hayat (Water of Life) has been described as “the most often reprinted, and most widely read, Urdu book of the past century"[1], written by Muhammad Husain Azad in 1880.

Aab-e hayat became the single most influential source for both anecdotes and historical theories about Urdu poetry. Its second edition in 1883 was incorporated into the official curriculum at Punjab University and several other schools.

It provides an important perspective on the origin of Urdu:

"Although the tree of Urdu grew in the ground of Sanskrit and Bhasha, it has flowered in the breezes of Persian. ..
.. there is usually some one place for establishing its genuineness and its goodness or badness, as for coins there is a mint. What is the reason that, in the beginning, Delhi was the mint of the language? The reason is that it was the seat of government. Only at the court were the hereditary nobility and the sons of the élite scholars in their own right. Their gatherings brought together people of learning and accomplishment, and through their auspicious influence made their temperaments the mold of the art and refinement and subtlety and wit of everything. Thus conversation, dress, courtesy and manners, .."
Aab-e hayat (Water of Life) has been described as “the most often reprinted, and most widely read, Urdu book of the past century"[1], written by Muhammad Husain Azad in 1880.

Aab-e hayat became the single most influential source for both anecdotes and historical theories about Urdu poetry. Its second edition in 1883 was incorporated into the official curriculum at Punjab University and several other schools.

It provides an important perspective on the origin of Urdu:

"Although the tree of Urdu grew in the ground of Sanskrit and Bhasha, it has flowered in the breezes of Persian. ..
.. there is usually some one place for establishing its genuineness and its goodness or badness, as for coins there is a mint. What is the reason that, in the beginning, Delhi was the mint of the language? The reason is that it was the seat of government. Only at the court were the hereditary nobility and the sons of the élite scholars in their own right. Their gatherings brought together people of learning and accomplishment, and through their auspicious influence made their temperaments the mold of the art and refinement and subtlety and wit of everything. Thus conversation, dress, courtesy and manners, .."

More info:

Published by: Javed Hussen on Jan 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

06/07/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Ā
B-E H
   ̣
AY
Ā
T
Shaping the Canon
of Urdu Poetry
 
MUH
   ̣
AMMAD H
   ̣
USAIN
Ā
Z
Ā
D
 
translated and edited by Frances W.Pritchett
 
in association with Shamsur Rahman Faruqi
 
 
Contents
 
AcknowledgementsHow to Use This Translation'Everybody Knows This Much...'introduction by Frances W. PritchettConstructing a Literary History, a Canon, and a Theory of Poetry introduction by Shamsur Rahman Faruqi
 Ā 
B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
Biographies of Urdu Poets of Renown, andan Account of the Improvements andReforms Made in the Urdu Language fromAge to Age
 
INTRODUCTIONTHE HISTORY OF THE URDU LANGUAGEWHEN PERSIAN ENTERED INTO BRAJ BHASHA,
 
What Effects It Created, and What Hope There Is for theFutureTHE HISTORY OF URDU POETRYTHE FIRST ERA OF
 Ā 
 B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
,
 
in which Val
 ī 
and his accomplished contemporaries are seatedtogether in assembly
'Val 
ī 
'-- #83-91# 
 
Sh
ā
h Mub
ā
rak ' 
 Ā 
br 
ū
'-- #91-95# 
 
Shaik 
   ̣
h Sharfudd 
ī 
n 'Maz 
   ̣
m
ū
n'-- #96-97# 
 
Muh
   ̣
ammad Sh
ā
kir 'N 
ā
 j
ī 
'-- #97-100# 
 
Muh
   ̣
ammad Ah
   ̣
 san 'Ah
   ̣
 san'-- #100-101# 
 
Ġ
hul 
ā
m Mus
   ̣
  ̤
af 
ā
   ̣
h
ā
n 'Yakrang'-- #101-105# 
 
THE SECOND ERA OF
 Ā 
 B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
:
Sh
ā
h H
   ̣ā
tim, K 
   ̣
h
ā
n-e
Ā
rz
ū
, Fu
ġ
h
ā
ñ (#106-122#)
 
Shaik 
   ̣
h Z 
  ̤
ah
ū
r ud-D
ī 
n Sh
ā
h 'H 
   ̣ā
tim'-- #107-115# 
 
Sir 
ā
 j ud-Din A
ī 
   ̣
h
ā
n-e ' 
 Ā 
rz 
ū
'-- #115-117# 
 
 Ashraf A
ī 
   ̣
h
ā
n-e 'Fu
 ġ 
h
ā
ñ'-- #117-121# 
 
THE THIRD ERA OF
 Ā 
 B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
:
Mirz
ā
Maz
 ̤
har J
ā
n J
ā
n
ā
ñ, M
 ī 
r Soz, M
 ī 
r Taq
 ī 
, Mirz
ā
Raf 
 ī 
Saud
ā
, K 
   ̣
hv
ā
 jah M
 ī 
r Dard (#123-220#)Part One
Mirz 
ā
'Maz 
  ̤
har' J 
ā
n-e J 
ā
n
ā
ñ-- #130-132, 134-141# 
 
ī 
r Abdul-
   ̣
ayy 'T 
ā
b
ā
ñ'-- #132-134, 140-141# 
 
Part Two
Mirz 
ā
Raf 
ī 
'Sau
ā
'-- #141-172# 
 
Part Three
ī 
r 'Z 
   ̣ā
h
   ̣
ik'-- #172-175# 
 
 K 
   ̣
hv
ā
 jah M 
ī 
r 'Dard'-- #175-184# 
 
Sayyid Muh
   ̣
ammad M 
ī 
r 'Soz'-- #184-193# 
 
Part Four 
'M 
ī 
r', M 
ī 
r Taq
ī 
-- #194-220# 
 
THE FOURTH ERA OF
 Ā 
 B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
:
Mus
   ̣
h
   ̣
af 
 ī 
, Sayyid Insh
ā
, Jurat (#221-323#)Part One
Shaik 
   ̣
h Qalandar Bak 
   ̣
hsh 'Jurat'-- #225-241# 
 
ī 
r 'H 
   ̣
asan'-- #241-246# 
 
Part Two
Sayyid 'Insh
ā
'-- #247-269# 
 
Part Three
Sayyid 'Insha' (Concluded)-- #269-295# 
 
Part Four 
Shaik 
   ̣
h
Ġ
hul 
ā
m Hamad 
ā
n
ī 
'Mus
   ̣
h
   ̣
af 
ī 
'-- #295-323# 
 
THE FIFTH ERA OF
 Ā 
 B-E H 
   ̣
 AY 
 Ā 
:
 N
ā
sik 
   ̣
h,
Ā
tash, Sh
ā
h Nas
   ̣ ī 
r, Momin,
Ż
auq,
Ġ
h
ā
lib (#325-526#)Part One
Shaik 
   ̣
h Im
ā
m Bak 
   ̣
hsh 'N 
ā
 sik 
   ̣
h'-- #327-339# 
 
Part Two
Shaik 
   ̣
h Im
ā
m Bak 
   ̣
hsh 'N 
ā
 sik 
   ̣
h' (Concluded)-- #339-363# 
 
Part Three
ī 
r Mustah
   ̣
 san 'K 
   ̣
hal 
ī 
q'-- #364-372# 
 

Activity (87)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
giovani04 liked this
Ghulam Qadir liked this
Ahmed Raza liked this
Zahid Mushtaq liked this
Imran Haider liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->