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Aluminum + Cupric Sulphate

Aluminum + Cupric Sulphate

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Published by: srinivas on Jan 16, 2010
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>> name Kelsey>> status student>> age 11>> Question - I am doing a scienceproject. I added water to copper sulfate andthen put a piece of aluminium foil into it. Thesolution put hole in the foil. I would like tofind out why? Any additional info would help.>>Thank You Kelsey Wren>Hi Kelsey...First a little bit of theory...The metals (asAluminum and Copper) reactdifferently, being some "more active"than others.That chemical activity reflects the greater orlesser facility to give up their electrons. Ifone metal is brought into contact with the ionsof another metal, one of two things can happen.Either the metal cantransfer electrons to the ions (and a reactionoccurs)or the ions do not accept the electrons(no reactionoccurs). The metals can be arranged in anactivity series with the most reactive at thetop and the least reactive at the bottom.Now for your question: at that activity seriesAluminum is above Copper. That is, in yoursolution of Copper Sulphate you have Copper ions(and Sulphate ions).When you add Aluminum foil to the solution, themetal Aluminum will transfer electrons to theCopper ions,and Aluminum ions will be formedinstead.
2 Al + 3Cu (+2) = 2 Al(+3) + 3CuThat is why you see a hole in the foilindicating that the Al (+3) ions went intosolution. At the sametime metalic Copper will beformed and gradually will make a deposit.That is it! Thanks for asking NEWTON!Mabel(Dr. Mabel Rodrigues)================================
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Aluminum - Al
26.98154 g.mol
according to Pauling
2.7 g.cm
at 20 °C
660.4 °C
2467 °C
0.143 nm
Ionic radius
0.05 nm
Artificial isotopes
Electronic shell
577.4 kJ.mol
Energy of second ionization
1816.1 kJ.mol
Energy of third ionization
2744.1 kJ.mol
Standard potential
- 1.67 V
Discovered by
Hans Christian Oersted
The name aluminum is derived from the ancient name for alum (potassium aluminum sulphate),(Latin, meaning bitter salt). Aluminum was the original name given to the element by Humphryit aluminum and that became the accepted name in Europe. However, in the USA the preferred nand when the American Chemical Society debated on the issue, in 1925, it decided to stick withAluminum is a soft and lightweight metal. It has a dull silvery appearance, because of a thin layeforms quickly when it is exposed to air. Aluminum is nontoxic (as the metal) nonmagnetic and noAluminum has only one naturally occurring isotope, aluminium-27, which is not radioactive.

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