PATHOLOGICAL OR ABNORMAL URINECONSTITUENTS
- Proteinuria is a condition in which urine contains an abnormal amount of protein.- The majority of proteins found in the urine arise from the blood.- As blood passes through healthy kidneys, they filter the waste products out andleave in the things the body needs, like proteins. Most proteins are too big to passthrough the kidneys' filters into the urine unless the kidneys are damaged. The mainprotein that is most likely to appear in urine is albumin. Proteins from the blood canescape into the urine when the filters of the kidney, called glomeruli, are damaged.Sometimes the term albuminuria is used when a urine test detects albuminspecifically.- Large amounts of protein in the urine may cause it to look foamy. Also, because theprotein has left the body, the blood can no longer soak up enough fluid leading toswelling in the hands, feet, abdomen, or face. These are signs of very large proteinloss.- In a healthy renal and urinary tract system, the urine contains no protein or onlytraces amounts.- Because albumin is filtered more readily than the globulins, it is usually abundant inpathological conditions. Therefore, the term albuminuria is ~~~= proteinuria.