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Air Bag Restraint System

Air Bag Restraint System

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Published by: sonny1234 on Jan 17, 2010
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1993 Mitsubishi Diamante
1993 ACCESSORIES/SAFETY EQUIPMENTMitsubishi Air BagsDiamante
WARNING: To avoid injury from accidental air bag deployment, readand carefully follow all WARNINGS and SERVICE PRECAUTIONS.
Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) consists of an SRSwarning light, left and right front impact sensors, air bag module,clockspring, and SRS Diagnostic Unit (SDU). See Fig. 1.The air bag is designed to deploy in a frontal or near frontal impactof moderate to severe force. With ignition switch in ON position,safing impact sensor and at least one front impact sensor mustactivate simultaneously for air bag to deploy.Fig. 1: Identifying Air Bag Restraint System ComponentsCourtesy of Mitsubishi Motor Sales of America.
When ignition switch is in ON or START position, SRS warninglight on instrument panel will illuminate for about 7 seconds and thenturn off. This indicates SDU has checked SRS and found it free ofproblems. If SRS warning light blinks, stays on all the time, or doesnot come on, a malfunction exists in SRS.
Front impact sensors are located under front fenders. SeeFigs. 1 and 8. Sensors, which verify direction and severity of impact,are inertia switches that complete an electrical circuit if impact isgreat enough to cause contacts to close.
Air bag module is mounted on front face of steering wheel.See Fig. 1. Air bag module inflator assembly produces nitrogen gas tofill air bag. When a small amount of current from SDU is applied,ignitor starts a thermal reaction, which spreads an ignitor charge.Surrounding ignitor charge is a pellet-filled area thatproduces nitrogen gas. Gas pressure builds and discharges frominflator through a diffuser and screen assembly, forcing steeringwheel cover to burst along its seams until air bag is fully inflated.When air bag is fully inflated, gas escapes through vents, away fromdriver.
SDU is located under floor console assembly. See Figs. 1 and4. The SDU stores fault codes and provides system information to SRSwarning light and diagnostic connector. If SRS warning light comes on,a code has been stored in SDU memory. Safing impact sensor is anintegral part of SDU.
Diagnostic connector is located on right side of fuse block.See Fig. 2. Diagnostic connector is used to access SRS on-boarddiagnostics when using Mitsubishi’s Multi-Use Tester (MB991341).Fig. 2: Identifying Diagnostic ConnectorCourtesy of Mitsubishi Motor Sales of America.
Clockspring connects air bag module to steering columnwiring, forming SRS circuit. See Fig. 1. Clockspring is a flat,ribbon-like tape of conductive material that winds and unwinds whensteering wheel is turned. Because of clockspring’s constant movement,it is the most fragile part in the system.
To ensure long-term operation of SRS, manufacturer recommendsinspecting SRS system 10 years from vehicle manufacture date. Seecertification label on driver-side center pillar. Check the followingitems:SRS Warning LightTurn ignition switch to ON or START position. SRS warninglight should illuminate for about 7 seconds and then turn off. Thisindicates SDU has checked system and found no problems. If SRS warninglight fails to illuminate, stays on or flashes, a malfunction existsin SRS. See DIAGNOSIS & TESTING.Air Bag Module, Steering Wheel & Clockspring1) Remove air bag module from steering wheel. See AIR BAGMODULE &CLOCKSPRING under REMOVAL & INSTALLATION. DO NOT applyexcessive force when disconnecting air bag module clockspringconnector.2) Check air bag module trim cover for dents, cracks ordeformities. Check hooks and connectors for damage, terminals fordeformities, and wiring harness for binds. Check air bag inflator casefor dents, cracks or deformities.3) Check wiring harness (built into steering wheel) andconnectors for damage, and terminals for deformities. Removeclockspring. See AIR BAG MODULE & CLOCKSPRING under REMOVAL &INSTALLATION.4) Check clockspring connectors and protective tube fordamage, and check terminals for deformities. Visually inspect case andgears for damage. Turn front wheels to straight-ahead position.Install and adjust clockspring. See CLOCKSPRING CENTERING underADJUSTMENTS.5) Install steering wheel, column covers and air bag module.Check steering wheel for noise, binds, difficult operation, orexcessive free play.6) Check all connectors for poor connections. Check wiringharness for binds, connectors for damage, and terminals fordeformities. Replace connectors or wiring harness as required.Impact SensorsRemove right and left splash shields. Check sensors to ensurearrow marks face front of vehicle. Check upper frame and sensorbrackets for deformities or rust. Check sensors for dents, cracks andrust. Check sensor harness for binds, connectors for damage, andterminals for deformities. Replace sensor and/or sensor harness asrequired.SRS Diagnostic Unit (SDU)Check SDU case and brackets for dents, cracks or deformities.Check connectors and lock lever for damage, and terminals fordeformities. Replace SDU as required.
WARNING: After any repair, always turn ignition on from passengerside of vehicle in case of accidental air bag deployment.

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