Eauations and Incaualiticr
1For example, the
The HM is the most appropriate type of average to use when we want to find the average rateof a set of varying rates. Thus, it is the best average to use for obtaining the average velocityof
vehicle covering various distances at different speeds..At this point we would like to make a remark.
We can obtain the AM of
n real numbers. But, we only define the GM of n
real numbers; and the
Now let us look at the three different means together. To do so, we clearly need to restrictourselves to positive real numbers. What is the AM of 2,4 and
How is it related to theirGM? And, how is their GM related to their HM? The following result answers these questions.
be any finite set of positive real numbers, and let A, G and Hdenote their arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, respectively. ThenWe will only give a broad outline of the proof here. The inequality A
G is first proved byinduction (see Unit 2) for all those integers n that are powers of
That is,and equality holds iff x,
x,m.Now, given any n
we can always choose r
such that 2'
n.We apply (1) to the 2' numbers x,, x,,
A, where the number of A's is 2'
nWe get(with equality iff x,
G, since A and G are positive real numbers.Note thatA
G iff x,
Thus,.the result is true
ow let us consider the n positive numbers
Since their AM is greater than or equal to their GM, we get