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Calculus 1 Dawkins 2007

# Calculus 1 Dawkins 2007

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10/22/2011

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CALCULUS I
Paul Dawkins

Calculus I© 2007 Paul Dawkins i http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx

Preface ........................................................................................................................................... iii

Outline ........................................................................................................................................... iv

Review............................................................................................................................................. 2

Introduction
.............................................................................................................................................. 2

Review : Functions
................................................................................................................................... 4

Review : Inverse Functions
.................................................................................................................... 14

Review : Trig Functions
......................................................................................................................... 21

Review : Solving Trig Equations
............................................................................................................ 28

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part I
.................................................................... 37

Review : Solving Trig Equations with Calculators, Part II
................................................................... 48

Review : Exponential Functions
............................................................................................................ 53

Review : Logarithm Functions
............................................................................................................... 56

Review : Exponential and Logarithm Equations
.................................................................................. 62

Review : Common Graphs
...................................................................................................................... 68

Limits ............................................................................................................................................ 80

Introduction
............................................................................................................................................ 80

Rates of Change and Tangent Lines
...................................................................................................... 82

The Limit
................................................................................................................................................. 91

One‐Sided Limits
...................................................................................................................................101

Limit Properties
.....................................................................................................................................107

Computing Limits
..................................................................................................................................113

Infinite Limits
........................................................................................................................................121

Limits At Infinity, Part I
.........................................................................................................................130

Limits At Infinity, Part II
.......................................................................................................................139

Continuity
...............................................................................................................................................148

The Definition of the Limit
....................................................................................................................155

Derivatives .................................................................................................................................. 170

Introduction
...........................................................................................................................................170

The Definition of the Derivative
...........................................................................................................172

Interpretations of the Derivative
.........................................................................................................178

Differentiation Formulas
......................................................................................................................183

Product and Quotient Rule
...................................................................................................................191

Derivatives of Trig Functions
...............................................................................................................197

Derivatives of Exponential and Logarithm Functions
........................................................................208

Derivatives of Inverse Trig Functions
..................................................................................................213

Derivatives of Hyperbolic Functions
....................................................................................................219

Chain Rule
..............................................................................................................................................221

Implicit Differentiation
.........................................................................................................................231

Related Rates
.........................................................................................................................................240

Higher Order Derivatives
......................................................................................................................254

Logarithmic Differentiation
..................................................................................................................259

Applications of Derivatives ....................................................................................................... 262

Introduction
...........................................................................................................................................262

Rates of Change
......................................................................................................................................264

Critical Points
.........................................................................................................................................267

Minimum and Maximum Values
...........................................................................................................273

Finding Absolute Extrema
....................................................................................................................281

The Shape of a Graph, Part I
..................................................................................................................287

The Shape of a Graph, Part II
................................................................................................................296

The Mean Value Theorem
.....................................................................................................................305

Optimization
..........................................................................................................................................312

More Optimization Problems
...............................................................................................................326

Calculus I© 2007 Paul Dawkins ii http://tutorial.math.lamar.edu/terms.aspx
Indeterminate Forms and L’Hospital’s Rule
........................................................................................341

Linear Approximations
.........................................................................................................................347

Differentials
...........................................................................................................................................350

Newton’s Method
...................................................................................................................................353

...........................................................................................................................358

Integrals ...................................................................................................................................... 364

Introduction
...........................................................................................................................................364

Indefinite Integrals
................................................................................................................................365

Computing Indefinite Integrals
............................................................................................................371

Substitution Rule for Indefinite Integrals
............................................................................................381

More Substitution Rule
.........................................................................................................................394

Area Problem
.........................................................................................................................................407

The Definition of the Definite Integral
.................................................................................................417

Computing Definite Integrals
...............................................................................................................427

Substitution Rule for Definite Integrals
...............................................................................................439

Applications of Integrals ........................................................................................................... 450

Introduction
...........................................................................................................................................450

Average Function Value
........................................................................................................................451

Area Between Curves
............................................................................................................................454

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Rings
............................................................................465

Volumes of Solids of Revolution / Method of Cylinders
.....................................................................475

More Volume Problems
.........................................................................................................................483

Work
.......................................................................................................................................................494

Extras .......................................................................................................................................... 498

Introduction
...........................................................................................................................................498

Proof of Various Limit Properties
........................................................................................................499

Proof of Various Derivative Facts/Formulas/Properties
...................................................................510

Proof of Trig Limits
...............................................................................................................................523

Proofs of Derivative Applications Facts/Formulas
.............................................................................528

Proof of Various Integral Facts/Formulas/Properties
.......................................................................539

Area and Volume Formulas
..................................................................................................................551

Types of Infinity
.....................................................................................................................................555

Summation Notation
.............................................................................................................................559

Constants of Integration
.......................................................................................................................561