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Computer Terminologies

Computer Terminologies

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Published by Maintenance Circle

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Published by: Maintenance Circle on Jan 18, 2010
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11/14/2012

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Computer Technology Abbreviations –Computer Technology Abbreviations –Does it leave you confused in this digital jungle?Does it leave you confused in this digital jungle? Are you wondering what they are supposed to Are you wondering what they are supposed tomean?mean?Whether you are at work, at home or just about Whether you are at work, at home or just about doing anything, one or the other technology doing anything, one or the other technology abbreviation will be staring at you….. Youabbreviation will be staring at you….. Youcannot escape from it cannot escape from it Never be afraid….. Let us face them straight Never be afraid….. Let us face them straight and understand what they mean….. Thoseand understand what they mean….. Thosewhich we encounter every day…. At shop-floor,which we encounter every day…. At shop-floor,office or bedroom……office or bedroom……We will limit to very basic information in thisWe will limit to very basic information in this presentation presentation
 
 
REMEMBER, a computer need not be necessarily the oneREMEMBER, a computer need not be necessarily the onebeautifully sitting on the desk. It can also be anbeautifully sitting on the desk. It can also be anindustrial controller interfaced to sophisticated industrial controller interfaced to sophisticated machines. With addition / modification of few machines. With addition / modification of few components, a computer can become multipurposecomponents, a computer can become multipurposedevice.device. A servo motor drive, An Automatic power change / A servo motor drive, An Automatic power change /management system is also a computer.management system is also a computer.For instance, a PLC mounted into a special rack also canFor instance, a PLC mounted into a special rack also canhave a LAN card or a MODEM which communicates withhave a LAN card or a MODEM which communicates withvarious other machines. Today, it is, indeed, possible tovarious other machines. Today, it is, indeed, possible tocontrol a machine installed miles away thru internet.control a machine installed miles away thru internet.Technology, indeed, has made life a wonderful Technology, indeed, has made life a wonderful  journey !!!!  journey !!!! LAPTOP is also a computer, but many typical slots or LAPTOP is also a computer, but many typical slots or  ports may not be found since they have to be compact. ports may not be found since they have to be compact.
COMPUTER – What do we mean? COMPUTER – What do we mean? 
 
 
BIOS – Basic Input Output SystemBIOS – Basic Inp
 
ut Output System
BIOS is a permanent memory (called ROM)BIOS is a permanent memory (called ROM)which is stored on a separate IC that will start which is stored on a separate IC that will start working when computer is turned ON. It working when computer is turned ON. It checks all the hardware devices connected tochecks all the hardware devices connected toa computer and ensures that they are ina computer and ensures that they are inworking order to proceed further. “Booting” isworking order to proceed further. “Booting” isa common word used to explain all the initial a common word used to explain all the initial checks that BIOS program will do beforechecks that BIOS program will do beforeloading necessary software on computer.loading necessary software on computer.BIOS is like a “field-inspector” who ensuresBIOS is like a “field-inspector” who ensuresthat the pitch is in correct condition beforethat the pitch is in correct condition beforeletting players start an exciting match !! letting players start an exciting match !! Changing BIOS information is usually Changing BIOS information is usually  programmed permanently by computer  programmed permanently by computer manufacturers, although it can be modified manufacturers, although it can be modified later, with proper knowledgelater, with proper knowledge

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