19. This is the name of the program of the DOH to control TB in thecountryA. DOTSB.
National Tuberculosis Control Program
C. Short Coursed ChemotherapyD. Expanded Program for Immunization20. Susceptibility for the disease [ TB ] is increased markedly in those withthe following condition exceptA.
23 Year old athlete with diabetes insipidus
B. 23 Year old athlete taking long term Decadron therapy and anabolicsteroidsC. 23 Year old athlete taking illegal drugs and abusing substancesD. Undernourished and Underweight individual who undergonegastrectomy21. Direct sputum examination and Chest X ray of TB symptomatic is inwhat level of prevention?A. PrimaryB.
C. TertiaryD. QuarterlySITUATION: Michiel, A male patient diagnosed with colon cancer wasnewly put in colostomy.22. Michiel shows the BEST adaptation with the new colostomy if heshows which of the following?A. Look at the ostomy siteB.
Participate with the nurse in his daily ostomy care
C. Ask for leaflets and contact numbers of ostomy support groupsD. Talk about his ostomy openly to the nurse and friends23. The nurse plans to teach Michiel about colostomy irrigation. As thenurse prepares the materials needed, which of the following item indicatesthat the nurse needs further instruction?A.
Plain NSS / Normal Saline
B. K-Y JellyC. Tap water D. Irrigation sleeve24. The nurse should insert the colostomy tube for irrigation atapproximatelyA. 1-2 inchesB.
C. 6-8 inchesD. 12-18 inches25. The maximum height of irrigation solution for colostomy isA. 5 inchesB. 12 inchesC.
D. 24 inches26. Which of the following behavior of the client indicates the best initialstep in learning to care for his colostomy?A. Ask to defer colostomy care to another individualB. Promises he will begin to listen the next dayC.
Agrees to look at the colostomy
D. States that colostomy care is the function of the nurse while he is in thehospital27. While irrigating the client’s colostomy, Michiel suddenly complains of severe cramping. Initially, the nurse wouldA.
Stop the irrigation by clamping the tube
B. Slow down the irrigationC. Tell the client that cramping will subside and is normalD. Notify the physician28. The next day, the nurse will assess Michiel’s stoma. The nurse noticedthat a prolapsed stoma is evident if she sees which of the following?A. A sunken and hidden stomaB. A dusky and bluish stomaC. A narrow and flattened stomaD.
Protruding stoma with swollen appearance
29. Michiel asked the nurse, what foods will help lessen the odor of hiscolostomy. The nurse best response would beA. Eat eggsB. Eat cucumbersC.
Eat beet greens and parsley
D. Eat broccoli and spinach30. The nurse will start to teach Michiel about the techniques for colostomyirrigation. Which of the following should be included in the nurse’steaching plan?A. Use 500 ml to 1,000 ml NSSB.
Suspend the irrigant 45 cm above the stoma
C. Insert the cone 4 cm in the stomaD. If cramping occurs, slow the irrigation31. The nurse knew that the normal color of Michiel’s stoma should beA.
B. GrayC. BlueD. Pale Pink SITUATION: James, A 27 basketball player sustained inhalation burn thatrequired him to have tracheostomy due to massive upper airway edema.32. Wilma, His sister and a nurse is suctioning the tracheostomy tube of James. Which of the following, if made by Wilma indicates that she iscommitting an error?A. Hyperventilating James with 100% oxygen before and after suctioningB. Instilling 3 to 5 ml normal saline to loosen up secretionC. Applying suction during catheter withdrawalD.
Suction the client every hour
33. What size of suction catheter would Wilma use for James, who is 6 feet5 inches in height and weighing approximately 145 lbs?A. Fr. 5B. Fr. 10C. Fr. 12D.
34. Wilma is using a portable suction unit at home, What is the amount of suction required by James using this unit?A. 2-5 mmHgB. 5-10 mmHgC.
D. 20-25 mmHg35. If a Wall unit is used, What should be the suctioning pressure required by James?A. 50-95 mmHgB. 95-110 mmHgC.
D. 155-175 mmHg36. Wilma was shocked to see that the Tracheostomy was dislodged. Boththe inner and outer cannulas was removed and left hanging on James’ neck.What are the 2 equipment’s at james’ bedside that could help Wilma dealwith this situation?A. New set of tracheostomy tubes and Oxygen tank B. Theophylline and EpinephrineC.
Obturator and Kelly clamp
D. Sterile saline dressing37. Which of the following method if used by Wilma will best assure thatthe tracheostomy ties are not too tightly placed?A.
Wilma places 2 fingers between the tie and neck
B. The tracheotomy can be pulled slightly away from the neck C. James’ neck veins are not engorgedD. Wilma measures the tie from the nose to the tip of the earlobe and to thexiphoid process.38. Wilma knew that James have an adequate respiratory condition if she