Fig. 2 (Saturated hydrocarbon)
Fig. 3 (Summary of classification of organic compounds)
Hexane is an alkanehydrocarbon with a chemical formula of C
, molar mass of 86.18 g/mol, and aboiling point of 69°C. Isomers of hexaneare mostly non-reactive, and are frequentlyused as solvents in organic reactionsbecause they are very non-polar. They arecommon constituents of gasoline andleather products.
Fig. 4 (Structure of hexane)
Cyclohexane is a cycloalkanewith the molecular formula C
, molarmass of 84.160 g/mol, and boiling point of 80.74°C. It is used as a non-polar solventand a raw material for the production of adipic acid and caprolactam. Cyclohexaneis produced on an industrial scale byreacting benzene with hydrogen.
Fig. 5 (Structure of Cyclohexane
Cyclohexene is a cycloalkenewith a chemical formula of C
, molarmass of 82.143 g/mol, and a boiling pointof 82.98°C. It is not very stable upon longterm storage and exposure to light and airshould be distilled before use to eliminateperoxides. It has a very sharp smellresembling an oil refinery.
Fig. 6 (Structure of cyclohexene)
Benzene is an organicchemical compound with a molecularformula of C
, molar mass of 78.11g/mol, and a boiling point of 80.1°C. It isa colorless, highly flammable liquid with asweet smell. It is a known carcinogen,therefore its role as an additive in gasolineis now limited, though it is an important