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Biomimicry: Architectural Applications in Systems and Products

Biomimicry: Architectural Applications in Systems and Products

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Published by frenchmily
This paper seeks to effectively illustrate a marginalized though highly promising mechanism of sustainable development; Biomimicry. A concrete theoretical and practical definition for the term is developed with a focus on its potential contributions to architecture and design. In effort to clarify the Biomimetics process and illuminate its relationship to sustainability, the Biomimicry “helix” is introduced as a continuous model illustrating two integral products of the Biomimicry process: organs and organisms. This metaphorical approach to the definition embellishes the primary goal of Biomimicry: to visualize man-made systems and products as natural processes. Thus the “organs” and “organisms” of Biomimicry will be explored in reference to photovoltaics and urban planning, citing dye sensitized solar cells and the sustainable city, Hammarby Sjöstad, as case studies.
This paper seeks to effectively illustrate a marginalized though highly promising mechanism of sustainable development; Biomimicry. A concrete theoretical and practical definition for the term is developed with a focus on its potential contributions to architecture and design. In effort to clarify the Biomimetics process and illuminate its relationship to sustainability, the Biomimicry “helix” is introduced as a continuous model illustrating two integral products of the Biomimicry process: organs and organisms. This metaphorical approach to the definition embellishes the primary goal of Biomimicry: to visualize man-made systems and products as natural processes. Thus the “organs” and “organisms” of Biomimicry will be explored in reference to photovoltaics and urban planning, citing dye sensitized solar cells and the sustainable city, Hammarby Sjöstad, as case studies.

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Published by: frenchmily on Jan 19, 2010
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06/26/2013

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9\ZWnI - Wlmehiv eh W|wziehifal Ivg`ezlgz|vl
mieh tegz|vl n tvlwlhzizenh
Jlheho Fenmemegvu;Ivg`ezlgz|via Ittaegizenhw ehWuwzlmw ihj Tvnj|gzw
Lmeau VnuiaaEhzvnj|gzenh Z`n|o` z`l oanfia mlhigl n gaemizlihj lhsevnhmlhzia g`ihol `iw ehzvn-j|glj i wlz n lmtevegiaau gnmtalptvnfalmw zn z`l `|mih vigl! z`l ovliz-lwz vewb l v|h ew zn n|hjlv eh i wlin n|v nh tnzlhzeia eholh|ezu Gnh-zlmtnvivu ijsihglmlhzw eh w|wzieh-ifal zlg`hnanou z`n|o` ovliz! vlmiehjewgnhhlgzlj! |hlmtanulj nv |hjl-hlj Z`ew titlv wllbw zn llgzeslaueaa|wzvizl i mivoehiae{lj z`n|o` `eo`autvnmeweho mlg`ihewm n w|wziehifaljlslantmlhz! Fenmemegvu I gnhgvlzlz`lnvlzegia ihj tvigzegia jlhezenh nvz`l zlvm ew jlslantlj ez` i ng|w nhezw tnzlhzeia gnhzvef|zenhw zn ivg`ezlg-z|vl ihj jlweoh Eh lnvz zn gaiveu z`lFenmemlzegw tvnglww ihj eaa|mehizlezw vlaizenhw`et zn w|wziehifeaezu! z`lFenmemegvu ‑`laep” eaa fl ehzvnj|gljiw i gnhzeh|n|w mnjla eaa|wzvizeho znehzlovia tvnj|gzw n z`l Fenmemegvutvnglww; nvoihw ihj nvoihewmw Z`ewmlzit`nvegia ittvnig` zn z`l jlhe-zenh lmflaaew`lw z`l tvemivu onia n Fenmemegvu; zn sew|iae{l mih-mijlwuwzlmw ihj tvnj|gzw iw hiz|via tvn-glwwlw Z`|w z`l ‑nvoihw” ihj ‑nvoih-ewmw” n Fenmemegvu eaa fl lptanvlj ehvllvlhgl zn t`nznsnaziegw ihj |vfihtaihheho! gezeho jul wlhweze{lj wnaivglaaw ihj z`l w|wziehifal gezu! @im-mivfu Wkówzij! iw giwl wz|jelw_`iz ew Fenmemegvu>Hiz|vl `iw wnaslj mihu n z`l mlg`ih-egia! wzv|gz|via ihj lhlvolzeg tvnfalmw`|mihw `isl lhgn|hzlvlj ez`n|zolhlvizeho vlwej|ia! ehigzesl iwzl_`lvl fenanoegia tvnglwwlw ivl gnhzeh-|n|wau lsnaseho zn mihet|aizl `ujvn-olh! givfnh ihj npuolh zn iggnmtaew`z`lev nfklgzeslw! `|mihw `isl g`litaugnhzvigzlj z`l |hw|wziehifal tnlv n nea Fenmemlzegw wllbw zn vlmlju w|g`lvvnv fu jlweoheho lcgelhz wuwzlmwihj tvnj|gzw |weho hiz|vl iw i o|ejl Z`lvl ivl `nlslv! i l tvnfalmwez` jlheho Fenmemegvu Ez ew je-g|az zn wlovloizl Fenmemegvu vnmfiweg tvnfalm wnaseho Z`l gnhgltz n Fenmemegvu ew nzlh nslvwemtaelj ehzn
Ceo 49 Ivznvb fu Jial G`e`|au! t`nznovit`lj fu Z`nmiw @ib 
 
\ZWnI - Wlmehiv eh W|wziehifal Ivg`ezlgz|vl6
i aehliv tvnglww eh `eg` nhl iwbw z`ly|lwzenh! ‑@n jnlw hiz|vl wnasl mutvnfalm>”! nfwlvslw z`l wna|zenh eh hi-z|vl! ihj gvlizlw i jlweoh z`iz memegwz`l nfwlvsizenh Fenmemegvu `iw fllhwlslvlau gvezege{lj iw i wzizeg tvnfalmwnaseho tvnglww E w|oolwz z`iz `izwltivizlw Fenmemegvu vnm wzihjivjtvnfalm wnaseho ew ezw gnhzeh|n|w! wte-via-aebl hiz|vl! tvnsejeho hn jlhezeslwna|zenh! nhau tvnj|gzw ihj wuwzlmw`eg` gih ijitz zn i g`ihoeho lhse-vnhmlhz Fenmemlzegw ew iawn zutegiaaumewziblh nv fenzlg`hnanou Fenmemlz-egw ew hnz fenzlg`hnanou iw ez jnlw hnzlptanez ‑fen-iwwewzlj” tvnglwwlw (w|g`iw |weho ovllh iaoil zn zvliz iwzlizlv%! f|z viz`lv mnjlaw z`lm Cehiaau!Fenmemegvu ew iawn nzlh izzvef|zlj znih ehwtevizenhia vnal ivz ihj ilwz`lzegwIvzewzw vltvnj|gl lpewzeho tizzlvhw ehhiz|vl nv ih ilwz`lzeg llgz Z`ew ew hnzFenmemegvu! iw z`l jlgnvizesl hiz|vln z`l nvb jnlw hnz uelaj ih lhlvou-gnhw|meho tvnj|gzFlgi|wl hiz|via wuwzlmw lsnasl gnh-zeh|n|wau zn mllz juhimeg g`iaalholw!Fenmemegvu ew gnhwejlvlj zn fl i wtevia-eho! gnhzeh|n|w tvnglww! zibeho hiz|vliw ehwtevizenh zn olhlvizl ‑nvoihw” (ehje-sej|ia tvnj|gzw% nv ‑nvoihewmw” (wuw-zlmw ihj tvnglwwlw% nv z`l t|vtnwl n ehzlovizenh ehzn i w|wziehifal wuwzlmCnv lpimtal! Fenmemegvu gn|aj tvnj|glijsihglj t`nznsnaziegw (z`l nvoih%ehwtevlj fu t`nznwuhz`lwew! nv i ‑wmivzovej” wuwzlm (z`l nvoihewm% mnjlaljizlv fll iaonvez`mw! nv z`l t|vtnwln ehzlovizenh ehzn i w|wziehifal lhlvouwuwzlm Z`l mnjla flan eaa|wzvizlw z`ewgnhgltz |weho i jn|fal `laep Z`l `laep mnjla n Fenmemegvu vllgzwi h|mflv n h|ihglw Tvemiveau! z`lmnjla ew i wtevia Z`ew vltvlwlhzw z`lejli n Fenmemegvu iw i gnhzeh|n|waulsnaseho tvnglww! ehhezlau wllbeho iganwlv z zn z`l |gz|izeho lhsevnh-mlhz Z`l mnjla―w wtevia y|iaezu vllgzwz`l gnhzeh|n|w lljfigb ihj vltlizljhl-z|heho vly|evlj zn ijitz ‑nvoihw”ihj ‑nvoihewmw” zn z`l lhsevnhmlhzIjjezenhiaau! ‑nvoihw” ihj ‑nvoihewmw”mibl |t z`l zn wzvihjw n z`l `laep!vllgzeho z`lev lhzehlj ly|iaezu n emtnvzihgl Nvoihw ehga|jl weho|aivtvnj|gzw w|g` iw t`nznsnazieg glaaw nvflv ntzegw! ihj nvoihewmw ivl wuwzlmww|g` iw wmivz ovejw nv gezelw Cehiaau!hnzl z`l fvihg`lw n z`l `laep gnhhlgz-eho z`l nvoih ihj nvoihewm wzvihj Z`lwl ivl ‑w|wziehifeaezu” fvihg`lw!lmt`iwe{eho z`l m|z|ia jltlhjlhgln nvoihw ihj nvoihewmw nh lig` nz`lvez`eh z`l Fenmemegvu vimlnvbW|wziehifeaezu ehzlovizlw z`l nvoihw ihjnvoihewmw tvnj|glj fu Fenmemgvu ehzni gnhzeh|n|wau lsnaseho wuwzlm Z`ew eh-zlovia vlaizenhw`et ez` w|wziehifeaezu ewiawn vlaizifal fu i fiweg fenanoegia v|al;hiz|vl wllbw zn meheme{l z`l imn|hzn lhlvou gnhw|mlj eh i oeslh tlvenjn zeml (L.Z% Zn |hjlvwzihj z`l fvnij ittaegifeaezun Fenmemegvu! ez ew `lat|a zn gnh-wejlv hiz|vl iw i mlhznv! mliw|vl ihjmnjlaIw Mlhznv; _l gih sel hiz|vl hnz iw itnwwlwwenh! f|z iw i zlig`lvIw Mliw|vl; _l gih |wl hiz|vl iw ihlgnanoegia wzihjivj zn mliw|vl z`l z-hlww n n|v nh jlweohwIw Mnjla; Fenmemegvu wz|jelw hiz|vl―wmnjlaw ihj lm|aizlw z`lwl nvmw nvtvnglwwlw Z`l naaneho wlgzenhw lptanvl ihjlptihj |tnh z`l ehjesej|ia tivzw n z`lmnjla Z`l Nvoihewm Z`l tvnglww n Fenmemegvu uelajw ‑nv-oihewmw” eh z`l wlhwl z`iz hiz|vl gihehwtevl z`l jlweoh n lcgelhz wuwzlmwIw mlhzenhlj livaelv! fenanoegia wuw-zlmw (ihj lcgelhz mih-mijl wuwzlmw%wllb zn meheme{l z`l imn|hz n lhlvougnhw|mlj nslv zeml Flgi|wl z`ewfiweg gnhgltz ew eh`lvlhz zn iaa w|wzieh-ifal wuwzlmw! Fenmemegvu nh z`ew alslagih `isl ittaegizenhw nv mihu lajwehga|jeho onslvhmlhz ihj f|wehlwwmnjlaw Z`l gnhzlpz n z`ew titlv eaa
Ceo|vl 46; Fenmemegvu @laep mnjla fu Lmeau Vnuiaa
 
Jlheho Fenmemegu; Ivg`ezlgz|via Ittaegizenhw eh Wuwzlmw ihj Tvnj|gzw7
jlia ez` i mnvl ivg`ezlgz|via ittaegi-zenh zn z`l fenmemlzeg tvnj|gzenh n wuwzlmw2 |vfih taihhehoEh vlaizeho fenanou zn |vfih taihhehol gih vllgz nh z`l tvehgetalw eaa|w-zvizlj fu Veg`ivj @nttlv eh `ew ivzegalt|faew`lj eh z`l Imlvegih TaihhehoIwwngeizenh mioi{ehl eh z`l 95?4w@nttlv w|oolwzw z`iz iaa mih mijlihj hiz|via wuwzlmw `isl eh`lvlhz giv-vueho gitigezu z`iz gih fl;9 |wlj iw i aemez nv ovnz`6 eohnvlj ihj lpglljlj ez` z`l gnh-wly|lhgl n jlovijeho z`l wuwzlm7 lptihjlj z`vn|o` hl zlg`hnanoelwihj mlz`njw n jlweoh nv taihhehoLwwlhzeiaau @nttlv miblw ih ivo|mlhzz`iz ew ittvntveizl zn Fenmemegvu Eh jl-slanteho i w|wziehifal |vfih fa|ltvehz!nhl m|wz ehga|jl fiweg fenanoegia v|alweh mehj @nttlv wzizlw z`iz z`lvl ew iaemez zn z`l ovnz` n i wuwzlm flnvlez flgnmlw |hw|wziehifal (nv lpglljwlhlvou nslv zeml%! ihj e z`ew lhlvougleaeho ew eohnvlj z`l wuwzlm miu fljlovijlj nslv zeml Ijjezenhiaau! z`ltnzlhzeia lhlvou gleaeho n i wuwzlm gihfl lptihjlj z`vn|o` ehhnsizesl zlg`-hnanou Z`lwl fiweg tvehgetalw eaa|wzvizlz`l hiz|via vlaizenhw`et flzllh gezelwihj hiz|vl tvnsejeho wnml ehweo`z ehznz`l w|wziehifeaezu n mlzvntnaezih ivliwGezelw ihj Fenanou_`iz miblw i gezu w|wziehifal> Annbehozn hiz|vl! l hj wlslvia nslvaitw ehgvezlvei! iw mihu tvehgetalw z`iz mibl igezu w|wziehifal ivl w`ivlj eh fenanoe-gia wuwzlmw Tnt|aiv gnhwlhw|w vlsliawz`vll tvehgetalw z`iz jlhl z`l w|wzieh-ifeaezu n z`l |vfih vnhzelv; Jlhwezu!wtlgeiae{izenh ihj angiae{lj ehviwzv|g-z|vlJlhwezu; Jlhwl mlzvntnaezih ivliww`n anlv vizlw n sl`egal nhlvw`etihj |wiol I hizenhejl ihiauwew n sl-`egal mealw zvislalj eh z`l \W vlslialjz`iz z`l znt zlh aivolwz mlzvntnaezihivliw tvnj|gl 67<, n z`l znzia sl`e-gal mealw zvislalj (SMZ%! `eal `n|weho637, n z`l hizenhia tnt|aizenh! vl-ehnvgeho z`l hnzenh z`iz mlzvntnaezihvlwejlhzw jvesl alww z`ih z`l islviolImlvegih Ijjezenhiaau! iaz`n|o` znziajveseho ew gnhglhzvizlj eh mlzvntnaezihivliw! z`l ovlizlwz jveseho tlv tlvwnhngg|vw eh an-jlhwezu Wn|z`lwzlvhihj Wn|z`liwzlvh vloenhw bhnh nvz`lev siwz wtiglw gnhw|mlj fu |vfihwtvia C|hjimlhziaau! i gezu―w gnm-tigzhlww jevlgzau ilgzw z`l imn|hz n lhlvou |wlj nv zvihwtnvzizenh ez`ehez Mipeme{eho i gezu―w jlhwezu `ealzibeho wtlgeia givl zn ittvntveizl aes-eho! nvb ihj vlgvlizenhia wtiglw ew ihehzlovia mlihw fu `eg` zn meheme{llhlvou gnhw|mtzenh sei zvihwtnvzi-zenhWtlgeiae{izenh; Jeslvwezu n i gezu ehga|j-eho z`l wtlgeiae{izenh n vlziea lhzlv-tvewlw ihj geseg glhzlvw ew |hjimlhzianv z`l ehg|fizenh n hl ejliw ihjlhzlvtvewlw wn tve{lj eh miknv mlzvn-tnaezih ivliw Z`l jeslvwezu n i gezu ewmijl |t n i talz`nvi n wtlgeiae{ljtivzw! gnhzvef|zeho zn z`l gezu―w n|vew`-eho lgnhnmu ihj wngelzu Wemeaivau! z`lael n ih lgnwuwzlm ew wzem|aizlj fuz`l wtlgeiae{izenh n i sivelzu n ehzlvgnhhlgzlj tivzege-tihzw Wtlgeiae{izenh iaanw i wuwzlm znfl wla-w|cgelhz! vlaueho tvemiveau nhz`l onnjw ihj wlvseglw n z`l angiae{ljwuwzlmAngiae{lj Ehviwzv|gz|vl; Alww lhlvouew lptlhjlj `lh ehjesej|iaw zvislaw`nvzlv jewzihglw nv z`l wlvseglw z`luhllj Z`l glhzviae{lj ehviwzv|gz|vl n ih |vfih ivli gnhzvef|zlw zn z`l vlj|g-zenh n givfnh lmewwenhw ihj gnhsl-helhgl n gezu-jlaalvw Mihu fenanoegiawuwzlmw w|g` iw taihz nv ihemia glaawntlvizl nh z`l wiml tvehgetal! nzlhmeheme{eho z`l jewzihgl n vlwn|vglw ehlnvz zn vlj|gl L.ZWllbeho zn meheme{l lhlvou gnhw|mt-zenh nslv zeml! hiz|via wuwzlmw ittlivzn |wl ihianon|w mlg`ihewmw z`iz`|mihw `isl ivzegeiaau gvlizlj znwnasl wemeaiv lcgelhgu tvnfalmw W|g`ew i gvljez zn z`l gnhgltz n Fenmemegvu!`eg` lsejlhzau! ew hnz lhzevlau nvleoh@ewznvegiaau! `|mihw `isl f|eaz gezelwaemezlj fu z`l aihj (lp`efezeho @nttlv―wtvehgetalw n lhlvou gleaehow% Gezelwf|eaz flnvl z`l Ehj|wzveia Iol lvl ivmnvl mnjlwz eh z`lev lhlvou jlmihjw!vlwtnhjeho zn olnovit`egia vlwzviehzwfu ehzlovizeho hiz|vl ihj ehj|wzvu iwi nvbeho v|via ihj |vfih aihjwgitlIhgelhz L|vntlih gezelw `ij gnmmnhf|wehlww ivliw! glhzvia wy|ivlw ihjangiae{lj ehviwzv|gz|vl vlj|geho z`lhllj zn zvisla anho jewzihglw nv vl-wn|vglw Z`lwl gezelw lslh ntlvizlj nhi gugaeg wuwzlm! |weho z`l aihj zn tvn-j|gl nnj ihj lhlvou nv wlzzalmlhzigzesezu `nwl iwzl iw nhgl ioiehvlittaelj zn z`l wnea Z`lwl ivg`ieg gez-elw n z`l tiwz lvl iawn |lalj fu wnaivtnlv! eaa|mehizlj iz jiufvlib ihjlhjeho igzesezu iz heo`ziaa Evnhegiaauz`l gnhzlmtnvivu w|wziehifal mnsl-mlhz iw`enhw ezwla iw i hnsla zvlhj!z`n|o` w|g` ejliw ivl ihgelhz gnhwl-y|lhglw n n|v `ewznvegia zlg`hnanoegiavlwzvegzenhwGezelw ihj Glaaw@iseho lwzifaew`lj z`iz |vfih ihjhiz|via wuwzlmw w`ivl gvezlvei nvw|wziehifeaezu! l gih ioieh lpimehlhiz|via wuwzlmw iw ehwtevizenh nv |vfihjlweoh Emioehl i gezu mnjlalj izlv iglaa Iaz`n|o` z`ew jlweoh vlmiehw gnh-gltz|ia! i h|mflv n vliaewzeg ittaegi-zenhw gih fl ehlvvlj Z`ew `utnz`lzegiagezu n|aj tnwwlww iw i glaa jnlw! z`vllmiknv g`ivigzlvewzegw;

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