Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
16Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Philippine IT Law Journal 3-1

Philippine IT Law Journal 3-1

Ratings:

4.33

(3)
|Views: 15,825|Likes:
Published by lairaja
Publication of the e-Law Center, Arellano University School of Law.
Publication of the e-Law Center, Arellano University School of Law.

More info:

Published by: lairaja on Apr 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/09/2014

pdf

text

original

 
ei  l  i   p pi  ne Quat  el   y I  aw J  ounal   :  :  V ol  ume 3  , Nume
1
 
I  
T
HE
O
FFICIAL
P
UBLICATION
 
OF
 
THE
 A 
RELLANO
U
NIVERSITY
S
CHOOL
 
OF
L
 AW E
-L
 AW 
C
ENTER 
 
 AND
IT L
 AW 
S
OCIETY
 V
OLUME
3, N
UMBER
1
IT L
aw
J
ournal
T
HE
P
HILIPPINE
UARTERLY 
by
Carlyn Marie Bernadette C. Ocampo-Guerrero
TTTTT
HEHEHEHEHE
PPPPP
ROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSED
OOOOO
NLINENLINENLINENLINENLINE
 V  V  V  V 
OTINGOTINGOTINGOTINGOTING
 
INININININ
SSSSS
INGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPORE
n a news article publishedon January 18, 2007, the Commission onElections (COMELEC) has given word that,should Congress approve amendments tothe Overseas Voting (OAV) Law to allowpostal and online voting, it will test votingby way of the internet only in Singapore inthe Philippines’ midterm election in May.
[1]
Commissioner Florentino Tuason Jr.,chairman of the Committee on Overseas Absentee Voting, said that the process hasto undergo a trial first, and Singapore isthe most appropriate place for testing onlinevoting, because it has a well-developedinformation and communicationstechnology industry.
[2]
Furthermore headds: “The reason why we choseSingapore is according to our supplier andour own assessment, it’s easy for them tobe educated, first through the website, thenby training.”
[3]
Filipinos will be educatedon Internet voting through local newspapersand Filipino groups in city-state.
[4]
Thesystem of online voting appears to bepractical due to financial and timeconstraints as well as distance barriers thatour overseas workers are faced with.
How the proposed system works.
Thefollowing are the steps to make voting onlinepossible:1.An online site for Internet voting willbe provided by Comelec.2.Immediately after the voter opens orclicks the site, a video will automaticallyappear on screen to give detailedinstructions on how to proceed with thevoting.3.Personal information or details will haveto be keyed in by each voter in orderto get a PIN (personal identificationnumber) code.
Inside
 what’s 
21
TTTTT
HEHEHEHEHE
PPPPP
ROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSEDROPOSED
OOOOO
NLINENLINENLINENLINENLINE
 V  V  V  V 
OTINGOTINGOTINGOTINGOTINGINININININ
SSSSS
INGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPOREINGAPORE
E
DITORIAL
TTTTT
HEHEHEHEHE
 V  V  V  V 
ULNERABILITY ULNERABILITY ULNERABILITY ULNERABILITY ULNERABILITY 
 
OFOFOFOFOF
IIIII
NTERNET NTERNET NTERNET NTERNET NTERNET 
 V  V  V  V  V 
OTINGOTINGOTINGOTINGOTING
 A  A  A  A  A 
UTOMATEDUTOMATEDUTOMATEDUTOMATEDUTOMATED
EEEEE
LECTIONLECTIONLECTIONLECTIONLECTION
SSSSS
 YSTEM YSTEM YSTEM YSTEM YSTEM
LLLLL
 AW  AW  AW  AW  AW 
DDDDD
IGITALIGITALIGITALIGITALIGITAL
CCCCC
OPYRIGHT OPYRIGHT OPYRIGHT OPYRIGHT OPYRIGHT 
T
HE
L
EGALITY 
 
OF
D
OWNLOADING
M
USIC
F
ROMTHE
I
NTERNET 
C
ORPORATE
 V 
IDEOCONFERENCING
J
URISPRUDENCE
 
IN
C
 YBER 
L
 AW 
:I
NTERNET 
 
CONFIDENTIALITY 
 
OFCASES
 
INVOLVING
 
 VIOLENCE AGAINST 
 
 WOMEN
 
 AND
 
CHILDREN
 W 
HEN
 
THE
P
IN
P
RE
-P
 AID
 
MEANS
P
UNKED
M
OST 
 
 VISITED
P
HILIPPINE
 
DAILIES AND
TV 
NETWORKS
 
IN
 
THE
I
NTERNET 
 Y 
OUR 
 
IDENTITY 
 
IN
 
 A 
 
COLOREDPRINTER 
 
PRINTOUT 
D
OT 
.C
ON
 W  W  W  W  W 
HAT HAT HAT HAT HAT 
 
 YOU YOU YOU YOU YOU
 
SAY SAY SAY SAY SAY 
 
INININININ
 
CYBERSPACECYBERSPACECYBERSPACECYBERSPACECYBERSPACEMIGHT MIGHT MIGHT MIGHT MIGHT 
 
INCRIMINATEINCRIMINATEINCRIMINATEINCRIMINATEINCRIMINATE
 
 YOU YOU YOU YOU YOU WWW  WWW  WWW  WWW  WWW 
.....
 ASIANLII ASIANLII ASIANLII ASIANLII ASIANLII
.....
OOOOORGRGRGRGRG
DDDDD
ECLARATIONECLARATIONECLARATIONECLARATIONECLARATION
 
ONONONONON
FFFFF
REEREEREEREEREE
 A  A  A  A 
CCESSCCESSCCESSCCESSCCESSTOTOTOTOTO
LLLLL
 AW  AW  AW  AW  AW 
 A  A  A  A  A 
SIANSIANSIANSIANSIAN
LLLLL
EGALEGALEGALEGALEGAL
IIIII
NFORMATIONNFORMATIONNFORMATIONNFORMATIONNFORMATION
IIIII
NSTITUTENSTITUTENSTITUTENSTITUTENSTITUTE
LLLLL
 AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHED
 
INININININ
 
THETHETHETHETHE
PPPPP
HILIPPINESHILIPPINESHILIPPINESHILIPPINESHILIPPINES
SSSSS
UPREMEUPREMEUPREMEUPREMEUPREME
CCCCC
OURT OURT OURT OURT OURT 
SSSSS
E-LE-LE-LE-LE-L
IBRARY IBRARY IBRARY IBRARY IBRARY 
LLLLL
 AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHED AUNCHEDEEEEE
-L-L-L-L-L
 AW  AW  AW  AW  AW 
EEEEE
 XECUTIVE XECUTIVE XECUTIVE XECUTIVE XECUTIVE
DDDDD
IRECTOR IRECTOR IRECTOR IRECTOR IRECTOR 
IIIII
NITIATESNITIATESNITIATESNITIATESNITIATES
 V  V  V  V 
IRTUALIRTUALIRTUALIRTUALIRTUAL
LLLLL
 AW  AW  AW  AW  AW 
CCCCC
LASSLASSLASSLASSLASS
TTTTT
HEHEHEHEHE
PPPPP
HILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINE
SSSSS
TRATEGICTRATEGICTRATEGICTRATEGICTRATEGIC
ICTICTICTICTICT
OADMAPOADMAPOADMAPOADMAPOADMAP
121928352157206
>>[ 3 ] Proposed Online Voting
4.The names of the candidates, with theirpictures and affiliations, will be shownto the voter after they have encodedor typed in the right PIN code.5.As soon as they have cast their votes,the voters will be given a printed receiptas proof that their votes have beenregistered at the Comelec’s database.By the use of this system of voting, insteadof going to the embassies and consulates,the overseas Filipinos can vote in theirhouses as long as there is an Internetconnection, thereby saving precious timeand effort.
[5]
Consequently, if Internet voting in Singaporeis proven successful, the commissioner says,the same system will be introduced to othercountries with Filipino communities in the2010 elections.
[6]
 Manner of Award of Contract.
Commissioner Florentino Tuason Jr. saidthat the Office of the Solicitor Generalapproved the selection of Scytl.com as thesoftware provider even without goingthrough the public bidding as the Hewlett-Packard subsidiary has proven track record.The system being utilized has alsosafeguards against cheating.
[7]
He saidthat the bidding process could be bypassedbecause that it is the hindrance towardsexpediting the whole process, Filipinogroups in the Middle East, particularly inSaudi Arabia, which has the largest Filipinocommunity and number of registeredabsentee voters, have been clamoring, ifnot demanding, to be allowed to vote bymail and via the internet.
[8]
2324383940
 
   T   h  e   P   h   i   l   i  p  p   i  n  e   Q  u  a  r   t  e  r   l  y   I   T   L  a  w   J  o  u  r  n  a   l  :  :   V  o   l  u  m  e   3 ,   N  u  m   b  e  r   1
2
A  
fter a lullof at least a year, a new issue of the ITLaw Journal is hereby published. Mostof the journal contributors in the pastyears have recently graduated fromthe Arellano University School of Lawand also recently took the PhilippineBar exams. The primacy of suchacademic pursuit provided for ahandicap for the continuing release ofthe Journal last year.Last 19 January 2007, upon therecommendation of the Atty. Jaime N.Soriano, Executive Director of the e-Law Center, the Arellano UniversitySchool of Law, through Dean MarianoMagsalin Jr. and Mr. Florentino CaycoIII, appointed me as the DeputyExecutive Director of said Center. It isan honor to be given such responsibilityand opportunity to help in the pursuitof the purpose and goals of the Centerand of the school -- one of the goalsof which is the publication of thisJournal.In this issue, the slated Philippinenational elections on 14 May 2007,for national and local elective officialsexcept for the President and VicePresident, provides the Journal to tackle“The Proposed Online Voting inSingapore,” and its related article“The Vulnerability of Internet Voting.”The recently enacted AutomatedElection System Law (Republic Act9369) was also tackled.
C
HAIRMAN
 Atty. Jaime N. Soriano, CPA, MNSA 
M
EMBERS
Carlyn Marie Bernadette C. Ocampo-GuerreroMichael Vernon M. GuerreroChristine A. Prado
S
PECIAL
C
ONTRIBUTOR
Consuelo L. Cruz
Editorial BoardEditorial
For subscriptions, contact:
TTTTT
HEHEHEHEHE
PPPPP
HILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINEHILIPPINE
UARTERLY UARTERLY UARTERLY UARTERLY UARTERLY 
It Law Journal
e-Law Center
2/F Heilbronn Hall Arellano University School of LawTaft Avenue corner Menlo StreetPasay City 1300 PhilippinesTels. +63 2 404-3089, 404-3090, 404-3091http://www.arellanolaw.netitlawjournal@arellanolaw.net
 Volume 3, Issue 1
The
Philippine Quarterly IT LawJournal
is the official publication of the e-Law Center and the IT Law Society of the Arellano University School of Law. It ispublished quarterly.Contributions to the Philippine Quarterly ITLaw Journal express the views of their authorsand not necessarily the views of the ArellanoUniversity School of Law.
IT Law Society
 A new set of officers was elected forSchool year 2006-2007 on 6 January2006, during the ITLS’s New Year’sparty. Christine A. Prado was electedPresident, Kathleen Bentayen as VicePresident-Seminar, Jessica Belen as Vice President-Publication; Sheiladelos Santos as Secretary, andKathrina Sulla as Treasurer.©
2007. All Rights Reserved.
E-Law Center
Michael Vernon M. Guerrero, formerpresident of the IT Law Society (2004-2006) was designated as the DeputyExecutive Director of the e-Law Centereffective 19 January 2007.
On the issue involving copyright ofelectronic files, the viewpoints of aknown e-law lecturer/practitioner in“Digital Copyright” and a law studentenrolled in the Entertainment Lawcourse under Dean Mariano MagsalinJr. in “The Legality of DownloadingMusic From the Internet” arepresented. Two other papers from thesaid course are slated to be publishedin the next issue.Developments relevant to IT law inPhilippine jurisprudence are discussedin “Corporate Videoconferencing” and“Internet confidentiality of casesinvolving violence against women andchildren.” Articles written last year butwhich were not published due tocircumstances articulated in the firstparagraph -- “When the P in Pre-Paid means Punked,“Your identityin a colored printer printout,” and“Dot.con” -- are finally published inthis issue. Interesting reads from Atty.Jaime Soriano’s website (www.soriano-ph.com) are also included herein, suchas “Most visited Philippine dailies andTV networks in the Internet” and “Whatyou say in cyberspace mightincriminate you.”The featured website for this issue is“www.asianlii.org,” the website of the Asian Legal Information Institute. The Arellano Law Foundation was chosenas an Asian LII partner because of its“LawPhil Project“, one of the country’sleading website that provides freeaccess to useful Philippine legalinformation. The launching of the event“Asian Legal Information InstituteLaunched in the Philippines” ischronicled as to the latest about theCenter and the Society. Pastparticipations of the Center, whichwere also featured, were the launchingof the Supreme Court’s E-Library andthe participation in the forum involvingthe Philippine Strategic ICT Roadmap.It is also of great pride that the e-LawExecutive Director has initiated a Virtual Law Class in his website,apparently the first of its kind in thecountry.
 
ei  l  i   p pi  ne Quat  el   y I  aw J  ounal   :  :  V ol  ume 3  , Nume
3
<<[ 1 ] Proposed Online Voting
 Abackground of Scytl proves itscredibility and competence in providingelectronic system---Scytl is a software company whichfocuses or specializes inapplication-level cryptography.
[9]
It is worldwide leader in thedevelopment of secure e-voting/e-participation solutions. It hasover 10 years of experience inresearch and development in thesaid field. When it comes to theelectronic voting industry, Scytl isthe company being referred to bymost people.Scytl has developed Pnyx, a familyof products that enable all kindsof electoral processes (elections,referendums, consultations, laborunion elections, shareholders'meetings, etc.) to be carried outby electronic means with the samelevel of trust, security and privacythat exist in conventional paper-based elections, and with theadvantages that electronic systemscan offer: accessibility, flexibility,cost and speed in the tallying ofvotes.
[10]
Since its beginnings,Scytl has received numerousinternational awards for itsinnovative technology, includingthe prestigious 2005 IST Prizegranted by the EuropeanCommission to the best technologycompanies in Europe.
[11]
 Absentee Voting
 A Background.
The Overseas Absentee Voting (OAV) Law (Republic Act 9189) was enacted on 13February 2003 to enable thedisenfranchised Filipinos to have thepower to influence the way ourgovernment is run, by allowing themto exercise their right to suffrage.
[12]
The same law was enacted pursuantto the constitutional mandate providedunder Section 2 of the 1987 PhilippineConstitution that “The Congress shall,among others, provide a system forabsentee voting by qualified Filipinosabroad.”
[13]
accuracy in the tallying of votes,greater savings in material costs in theprinting and distribution of paperballots, greater accessibility for thedisabled, flexibility in the modificationof ballot layouts, support of multiplelanguages, better access toinformation regarding voting options,prevention of involuntary errors whenfilling the ballot.
[19]
 When electronic vote is remote, inaddition to the previous advantages,further benefits are provided, such as:economies of scale as the size of theelectoral roll increases, greatermobility and convenience for voters,potential increase of participation in thevoting process.
[20]
Implications of Electronic Voting.
The use of electronic voting (poll-siteor remote voting) presents newchallenges that should be taken intoaccount -- the digital nature of thevotes in themselves, without any paper-based backup, the existence of acomplex technological infrastructurebetween the voter and the electoralauthorities, the existence of people withprivileges in the voting systems, forexample, technicians with total accessto the systems they manage who couldmanipulate the process.
[21]
Types of Security MeasuresNecessary in ElectronicVoting.
The following are four levelsof technological security measures thatare required:a.
Network and systemssecurity
- protection against non-authorized access (firewalls, usermanagement...), protectionagainst DoS attacks, using fault-tolerant and redundancymechanisms, Protection ofcommunications.
[22]
b.
Voters' remote authentication
- Digital signature, Biometrics, PINcodes plus personal data, Othersystems.
[23]
c.
 Assurance of the electoralrequirements, consideringthe existence of technicianswith privileged access to the
In the 2004 elections, The Departmentof Foreign Affairs (DFA), Commissionon Elections (COMELEC) and thePhilippine Overseas Employment Agency (POEA) supervised the conductof the 2004 overseas absentee voting. About sixty five percent (65%) ofregistered voters turned out to vote inthe more than 100 precincts that wereestablished in different parts of theworld.
[14]
For the 2007 polls, according toComelec data, only a few OFWs from Asian countries, Middle East, Africa, America and Europe registered for theelections. The pattern is the same inother parts of the world.
[15]
In order to strengthen the OAV law,COMELEC is thinking of ways to makethe registration and voting processeasier for Filipinos who are scatteredall over the world. COMELEC has saidthat the introduction of internet votingis being contemplated in areas likeHong Kong, Singapore and Italy whereit would cost about P25 million forevery 500,000 voters compared toP52 million snail mail.
[16]
The System of Electronic Voting.
 We speak of electronic voting whenthe casting of voting is carried out bythe voter through electronic means,thus obtaining an end-to-end digitalvote. The use of paper is optional andauxiliary.
[17]
Electronic Voting can be classified intwo categories: Poll-site voting andRemote Electronic Voting. Ourconcern is the second category whichis the Remote Electronic Voting whichtakes place when voters cast their votefrom any location with access to theInternet via mobile telephone, PCs,PDAs, etc. The methods used to identifythe voter are via digital signature,biometrics, PIN codes, etc.
[18]
The process of electronic voting inelections, citizen consultations and/orother private consultations offer variousadvantages over their counterpartbased on paper. Any type of electronicvoting offers: greater speed and

Activity (16)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Nichelle Pascual liked this
roansalanga liked this
roansalanga liked this
angelus008 liked this
Summer Pecs liked this
Joseph Arconcil liked this
Gen Medina liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->