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Tugas STRUKTUR KAYU

# Tugas STRUKTUR KAYU

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Jawaban Tugas Struktur Kayu
Jawaban Tugas Struktur Kayu

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07/16/2013

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1. Diketahui: Konstruksi
simple beam
(balok lentur) kayu.Panjang bentang (L) = 3,4 meter.Beban mati merata (
q
DL
) = 0,64 kN/m’.Beban terpusat (P) = 7,4 kN.Kayu jenis E19, dengan profil (8
×
10) cm.Ditanya: Cek profil, apakah memenuhi syarat:
-
Tegangan Lentur = ?
-
Tegangan Geser = ?
-
Lendutan = ? (Lendutan izin sebesar L/250).Penyelesaian:
Data E19
F
b
= 44 MPa (Kuat lentur).F
v
= 5,6 MPa (Kuat geser).
Koreksi:
Lentur

φ
b
= 0,85.Geser

φ
v
= 0,75.Layan

λ
= 0,80.F
b
’ =
λ
.
φ
b
. F
b
= 0,80 . 0,85 . 44 = 29,92 MPa.F
v
’ =
λ
.
φ
v
. F
v
= 0,80 . 0,75 . 5,6 = 3,36 MPa.
Asumsi:
SF = 1,2 maka:Beban merata menjadi 1,2
×
0,64 kN/m = 0,768 kN/m.

Akibat beban merata (q
DL
’ = 0,768 kN/m):
M
max
= 1/8 . q
DL
’ . L
2
= 1/8 . 0,768 kN/m . (3,4 m)
2
= 1,10976 kN.m.V
max
= 1/2 . q
DL
’ . L

= 1/2 . 0,768 kN/m . 3,4 m = 1,3056 kN.Torsi = 0 (tidak ada gaya aksial).
Akibat beban terpusat (P = 7,4 kN):
M
max
= 1/4 . P . L

= 1/4 . 7,4 kN . 3,4 m = 6,29 kN.m.V
max
= 1/2 . P = 1/2 . 7,4 kN = 3,7 kN.Torsi = aksial = 0 (puntir tidak ada).
Total akibat beban merata (
q
DL
) + terpusat (P):
M
max total
= 1,10976 kN.m + 6,29 kN.m = 7,39976 kN.m.V
max total
= 1,3056 kN + 3,7 kN = 5,0056 kN.
Akibat
q
DL
Akibat P

-

Cek Tegangan Lentur:
W
x
= 1/6 . b . h
2
= 1/6 . (80 mm) . (100 mm)
2
= 133.333,3333 mm
3
.F
b
= M
max
/ W
x
F
b
= (7.399.760 N.mm) / 133.333,3333 mm
3
= 55,498.F
b
= 55,498 > Syarat Lentur F
b
’ = 29,92
Tidak OKE!
-

Cek Tegangan Geser:
F
v
= ((3/2)
×
V
max
) / (b . h)F
v
= ((3/2)
×
5005,6 N) / (80 mm . 100 mm) = 0,93855.F
v
= 0,93855 < Syarat Geser F
v
’ = 3,36
OKE!
-

Cek Lendutan:Lendutan akibat beban merata (q
DL
’ = 0,768 kN/m):
I = (1/12) . b . h
3
.I = (1/12)
×
(80 mm)
×
(100 mm)
3
= 6.666.666,667 mm
4
.E = 18.000.
ƒ
= (5/384)
×
(q
DL
’ . L
4
) / (EI)
ƒ
= (5/384)
×
{(0,768 kN/m . (3.400 mm)
4
) / (18.000
×
6.666.666,667 mm
4
)}
ƒ
= 11,136 mm.
Lendutan akibat beban terpusat (P = 7,4 kN):
I = (1/12) . b . h
3
.I = (1/12)
×
(80 mm)
×
(100 mm)
3
= 6.666.666,667 mm
4
.E = 18.000.
ƒ
= (1/48)
×
(P . L
3
) / (EI)
ƒ
= (1/48)
×
{(7.400 N . (3.400 mm)
3
) / (18.000
×
6.666.666,667 mm
4
)}
ƒ
= 50,5 mm.
Total Lendutan:
ƒ
total
=
ƒ
merata
+
ƒ
terpusat
ƒ
total
= 11,136 mm + 50,5 mm = 61,636 mm.
ƒ
total
= 61,636 mm > Syarat Lendutan
ƒ
’ = 3.400 mm/250 = 13,6 mm
TidakOKE!