Section II. Considerations
4-4. Bridge Categories.
The first step in any efficient bridge demolition is to categorize the bridgecorrectly. The term
has been adopted to avoid confusion with
is concerned with the load-carrying capacity of bridges. The correct categorization of bridges,
coupled with an elementary knowledge of bridge design, allows you to select a suitable attackmethod. All bridges fit into one of three categories:a.
In simply supported bridges, the ends of each span rest on the supports;
there are no intermediate supports. The free-bearing conditions shown in Figure 4-2 represent anybearing that allows some horizontal movement (for example, roller bearings, sliding bearings, andrubber bearing pads).
Miscellaneous bridges form a small proportion of bridge structures. Thetheoretical principles governing these bridges determine the appropriate methods of attack.
Examples of bridges in this category are suspension, lift, and cable-stayed bridges.c.
If a bridge does not fit the miscellaneous category and is not simply supported,
categorize it as a
has a wider meaning than
as is normally implied.
4-5. Stages of Destruction.
When designing a bridge demolition, the first priority is to create a
gap. Accomplishing this may require one or two attacks. Further actions that improve the obstaclemay follow, if the situation permits.