CHAPTER 1 FLUID PROPERTIES
DATE OF LECTURE: _________________________
It can be including gases (or vapour) or liquid phases of the physicalforms.
It is also can be categorised into Newtonian Fluid and Non-NewtonianFluid.
What are the differences between liquids and gases?
Liquids and gases can be classified as a Fluid. The major differencesbetween liquids and gases are stated in Table below.
The differences between liquids and gases.
Liquids (oil,water,etc)Gases (oxygen,air,etc)
Incompressible – if all pressureremoved (except its own vapourpressure). The cohesion betweenmolecules holds them together, soit’s does not expand indefinitely.Compressible and easily deformedwhen the external pressure isremoved, its tend to expandindefinitely.Fixed volume Volume is changes respect topressure/temperature.Have free surface if the volume of container is greater than that liquidCannot form a free surfaceIrrespective of the shape/size of itscontainerCompletely fill any vessels in whichit is place.
What is a vapour?
A vapour is a gas where
the temperature and pressure it is very near the liquid phase
. Example is steam because its state andcondition is not from that of water. Water vapour is responsible forhumidity. A highly superheated vapour can classified as a gas where its
Prepared by :Siti Fatimah Hj Che Osmi