A break in the continuity of the bone.
They occur when the physical forceexerted on the bone is stronger than the bone itself.
Other Name of fracture:
–Broken Bone – Bone fractureThere are many types of fractures:
1.Closed simple/ uncomplicated fracture
bone breaks but there is no puncture or open wound in the skin.
1.Open compound/ complicated fracture
Involves trauma to surrounding tissue and a break in the skin.
a fracture in which the bone fragments into several pieces.
an incomplete fracture in which the bone is bent. This type occursmost often in children.
1.Spiral ( torsion)
Involve a fracture of twisting around the shaft of the bone.
Occurs straight across the bone
Occur at an angle across the bone (less than a transverse)
Result from weakness in bone tissue.
-Crushing force or direct blow-Torsion fracture can occur from sudden twisting-Extremely forceful muscle contraction
Predisposing Risk factor
-Age- aging process