1.Understanding the basic hardware and software componentsrequired for the networking environment.
What is data communication?1.2 Recent historySince the early days of modern computing there has been a steadily increasing need for more sophisticated data transfer services.In the 1950s, the early computers were simple machines with ’Single-task’ operatingsystems.They typically had a single console, and data was entered either by cards, or on paper tape.In the 1960s, demand for large scale data entry grew, and the ’on-line’ batch system wasdeveloped. The operating systems were better, and allowed many terminals to beconnected to the same computer. These terminals typically would allow deferred dataentry - that is the files would not be updated until a ’batch’ of data was ready. The dataentry was often done during the day, the processing of the data at night.In the 1970s, on-line integrated systems were developed. These allowed terminals toaccess the files, as well as update them. Database technology allowed immediate displayof the effect of completed transactions. Integrated systems generated multipletransactions from single entries.Since the 1980s we have moved to distributed databases and processing. In the 80s and90s we see large machines - even the workstations have significant computing power.There are many more options for interconnecting the machines.
Definition:So we can conclude that data communication is the study of transferring data or communicating data through modern devices from one point to the other. Definition 2: It is the exchange of data between two parties. Definition 3:The exchange of information between two or more than two parties is called datacommunication these parties can be computers humans, connecters etc.
Data communication = Data + communication